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The Human Brain

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What are you? Look deep inside yourself and ask, "What am I?" You could say you are a man or a woman, a human, a primate, an animal. But what 'you' really are is a MIND.

For ages humanity has been exploring the landscape of the mind, but it was just recently that we realized the mind is the result of physical processes happening in an organ in your skull. Let's explore the mysteries of the human brain together. Babel No More: The Search for the World's Most Extraordinary Language Learners (9781451628258): Michael Erard. Memory Is Not a Recording Device: How Technology Shaped Our Metaphors for Remembering. By Maria Popova.

Memory Is Not a Recording Device: How Technology Shaped Our Metaphors for Remembering

Why We Seek the New: A History and Future of Neophilia. By Maria Popova What five-year-old Albert Einstein can teach us about serendipity and the filter bubble of information.

Why We Seek the New: A History and Future of Neophilia

A newborn baby would stare at a new image for an average of 41 seconds before becoming bored and tuning out on repeated showings — that’s how hard-wired our affinity for novelty is. Brain Preservation Now! Brain Preservation Foundation. Mind reading is possible! “If you have something that you don’t want anyone to know, maybe you shouldn’t be doing it in the first place.” Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google Three motives drive neuroscience research: the clinician’s urge to heal, the analyst’s urge to understand, and the engineer’s urge to improve.

Understanding and repairing the brain have always gone along with wanting to improve it, and proponents of human enhancement have eagerly anticipated the brain supremacy. Could brain techniques like neuroimaging be used to extend or transcend natural human capacities, for instance by allowing us more direct access to other minds? Are neuroscientists the next great architects? ARCHITECTS HAVE BEEN talking for years about “biophilic” design, “evidence based” design, design informed by the work of psychologists.

Are neuroscientists the next great architects?

But last May, at the profession’s annual convention, John Zeisel and fellow panelists were trying to explain neuroscience to a packed ballroom. The late-afternoon session pushed well past the end of the day; questions just kept coming. It was a scene, Zeisel marveled—all this interest in neuroscience—that would not have taken place just a few years earlier. Touring the brain. Evolution has created a staggering range of organisms, each with features cleverly honed for its environmental niche.

Touring the brain

But while evolution is a fantastic creator, adding almost whatever is needed, it is surprisingly lazy at tidying up after itself, at pruning what is no longer required. In the bacterial world, where margins for survival may be razor sharp, things are more efficient. But most animals carry with them a surplus of obsolete features, such as the astronomical quantities of pathological DNA interlopers that sit in every cell in our bodies. But there are also more large-scale examples of detritus we endure. For instance, whenever we get cold, our hair duly stands on end to create a buffer of trapped air around our skins, as if such an action would make any difference to keep us cocooned from the cold—it doesn’t (unlike other primates, we simply don’t have enough hair to make this automatic response functional).

Home - Organization for Human Brain Mapping. The Organization for Human Brain Mapping (OHBM) is the primary international organization dedicated to using neuroimaging to discover the organization of the human brain.

Home - Organization for Human Brain Mapping

Message From the Chair: Steve Smith, FMRIB Centre, Oxford University It’s hard to believe we are already three months into 2014 and that the OHBM’S 20th Annual Meeting is right around the corner. Over 2,600 of your colleagues have already registered to attend the meeting in June, Hamburg, Germany. Although early registration has now ended, standard registration remains open until Friday, May 16th. After that date, you will be able to register onsite at the CCH.

Register for Annual Meeting! If you have not already done so, please secure your hotel, as OHBM’s room blocks fill quickly. 2014 OHBM HACKATHON – June 5-7, 2014, Berlin, Germany. Did a Copying Mistake Build Man's Brain? A copying error appears to be responsible for critical features of the human brain that distinguish us from our closest primate kin, new research finds.

Did a Copying Mistake Build Man's Brain?

When tested out in mice, researchers found this "error" caused the rodents' brain cells to move into place faster and enabled more connections between brain cells. When any cell divides, it first copies its entire genome. During this process, it can make errors. The cell usually fixes errors in the DNA. But when they aren't fixed, they become permanent changes called mutations, which are sometimes hurtful and sometimes helpful, though usually innocuous.

One type of error is duplication, when the DNA-copying machinery accidentally copies a section of the genome twice. The Self Illusion: How the Social Brain Creates Identity. By Maria Popova Hume was a neuroscientist, or what early aviation has to do with the psychology of identity.

The Self Illusion: How the Social Brain Creates Identity

We’ve already seen that the notions of stable character and fixed personality are a myth. And yet, our culture is wired for labels and checkboxes, eager to neatly file people away into categorical cabinets and thrown into furor over the slightest inkling of multiplicity. How Physics and Neuroscience Dictate Your "Free" Will. We’re wired to sing. Poor Alfred Russel Wallace!

We’re wired to sing

Human brain. The human brain has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but has a more developed cortex than any other.

Human brain

The Brain: The Mystery of Consciousness. The young women had survived the car crash, after a fashion.

The Brain: The Mystery of Consciousness

In the five months since parts of her brain had been crushed, she could open her eyes but didn't respond to sights, sounds or jabs. In the jargon of neurology, she was judged to be in a persistent vegetative state. In crueler everyday language, she was a vegetable. So picture the astonishment of British and Belgian scientists as they scanned her brain using a kind of MRI that detects blood flow to active parts of the brain. When they recited sentences, the parts involved in language lit up. Try to comprehend what it is like to be that woman. Is language the brains operating system? The Blogs at HowStuffWorks. Memetics. This article is related to the study of self-replicating units of culture, not to be confused with Mimesis. Memetics is a theory of mental content based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution, originating from the popularization of Richard Dawkins' 1976 book The Selfish Gene.[1] Proponents describe memetics as an approach to evolutionary models of cultural information transfer.

The meme, analogous to a gene, was conceived as a "unit of culture" (an idea, belief, pattern of behaviour, etc.) which is "hosted" in the minds of one or more individuals, and which can reproduce itself, thereby jumping from mind to mind. Thus what would otherwise be regarded as one individual influencing another to adopt a belief is seen as an idea-replicator reproducing itself in a new host. Phobias: New Research on How to Fix Irrational Fears. Let's get this out of the way right up front: I'm afraid of people eating. Some people are scared of snakes or flying or heights or other things that can actually be dangerous.

7 Mind-Bending Facts About Dreams. Jeanna Bryner, LiveScience Managing Editor | December 02, 2011 02:55pm ET. Thinking in foreign language makes decisions more rational. To judge a risk more clearly, it may help to consider it in a foreign language. A series of experiments on more than 300 people from the US and Korea found that thinking in a second language reduced deep-seated, misleading biases that unduly influence how risks and benefits are perceived. "Would you make the same decisions in a foreign language as you would in your native tongue? " asked psychologists led by Boaz Keysar of the University of Chicago in an April 18 Psychological Science study. In brief. Reconstructing the brain piece by piece and building a virtual brain in a supercomputer—these are some of the goals of the Blue Brain Project. Human Brain Project - Simulation. Open Connectome Project.

Brain Scanner Being Used To Give Stephen Hawking A New Voice. Generating Text from Functional Brain Images. 1 Introduction Over the last decade, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a primary tool for identifying the neural correlates of mental activity. Scientists Use Brain Waves To Eavesdrop On What We Hear. This X-ray/CT scan shows the placement of electrodes over the temporal lobe that scientists used to decode what the patient was hearing. The day we can scan a person’s brain and “hear” their inner dialogue just got closer. Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley recorded brain activity in patients while the patients listened to a series of words. They then used that brain activity to reconstruct the words with a computer. Table of Contents, Section 1: Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences.

A rich "webbook" on neuroscience from the University of Texas Medical School at Houston. – anthecker