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Introduction to AI

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Collection Section 1 - Introduction to AI. History of Artificial Intelligence. Some of the earliest stories written by mankind were creation stories, often involving the creation of life by a supreme being.

History of Artificial Intelligence

As we have developed as a civilisation, particularly in the Western world, our stories have often shown how we can mimic the gods and create life. Over the years, through tales of automata, monsters, robots and insane computers, they have all contributed to what we now know as Artificial Intelligence - AI. A study of AI in Popular Culture would not be complete without looking also at the history and science that led us to this point. In recent years, we have also been developing AI - making the myths a reality - and some of these developments will influence culture in future years. This timeline will look at a number of different strands: Artificial intelligence - Wikipedia. AI research is divided into subfields[6] that focus on specific problems, approaches, the use of a particular tool, or towards satisfying particular applications.

Artificial intelligence - Wikipedia

The central problems (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.[7] General intelligence is among the field's long-term goals.[8] Approaches include statistical methods, computational intelligence, and traditional symbolic AI. Many tools are used in AI, including versions of search and mathematical optimization, logic, methods based on probability and economics. The AI field draws upon computer science, mathematics, psychology, linguistics, philosophy, neuroscience and artificial psychology.

History[edit] The study of mechanical or "formal" reasoning began with philosophers and mathematicians in antiquity. Timeline of artificial intelligence. Technological singularity - Wikipedia. The technological singularity (also, simply, the singularity)[1] is the hypothesis that the invention of artificial superintelligence will abruptly trigger runaway technological growth, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilization.[2] According to this hypothesis, an upgradable intelligent agent (such as a computer running software-based artificial general intelligence) would enter a 'runaway reaction' of self-improvement cycles, with each new and more intelligent generation appearing more and more rapidly, causing an intelligence explosion and resulting in a powerful superintelligence that would, qualitatively, far surpass all human intelligence.

Technological singularity - Wikipedia

At the 2012 Singularity Summit, Stuart Armstrong did a study of artificial general intelligence (AGI) predictions by experts and found a wide range of predicted dates, with a median value of 2040.[7] Manifestations[edit] Intelligence explosion[edit] I. J. Philosophy of Mind: Brains, Consciousness, and Thinking Machines. Nothing in the universe is more mysterious than the inner workings of the human mind.

Philosophy of Mind: Brains, Consciousness, and Thinking Machines

The attempt to understand consciousness is the ultimate imperative in philosophical thought and stems from the ancient Greek aphorism, "know thyself. " A simple statement, it nevertheless has vast ramifications for how we understand not only ourselves, but also the people around us. Show Full Description Hide Full Description. AI for Dummies // FABERNOVEL. Straight to the point, we should first give an overall definition of what artificial intelligence is, right?

AI for Dummies // FABERNOVEL

The problem is, such a unique, clear-cut definition does not exist among the community of AI researchers! (Not least because understanding and defining intelligence itself is still an ongoing endeavor.) The Best Comprehensive Introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI) History of artificial intelligence. The history of artificial intelligence (AI) began in antiquity, with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; as Pamela McCorduck writes, AI began with "an ancient wish to forge the gods.

History of artificial intelligence

" The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols. This work culminated in the invention of the programmable digital computer in the 1940s, a machine based on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. This device and the ideas behind it inspired a handful of scientists to begin seriously discussing the possibility of building an electronic brain. The field of AI research was founded at a conference on the campus of Dartmouth College in the summer of 1956. Those who attended would become the leaders of AI research for decades. Precursors[edit] AI in myth, fiction and speculation[edit] Automatons[edit] Formal reasoning[edit]