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Hacking & Unauthorised Access

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Exam cheat jailed for hacking into university computer system. "This kind of conduct undermines or has the potential to undermine public confidence in the degree system, set up by this university. I have decided I cannot pass a suspended sentence because there needs to be an element of deterrence. " • Hackers 'could hijack new signalling system and crash trains' Mr Uddin, who is married, attached a "shadowing" keyboard device at the back of a number of university computers in order to steal staff passwords, the court heard. Madhu Rai, prosecuting, said: "It is effectively a case where the defendant has hacked into a number of computers at the university where he was studying for a degree in bio-science.

" The court heard Mr Uddin came under suspicion on October 7 last year when two staff members carried out routine upgrade on a computer in the bio-science building. A spying device was discovered attached to the back of the computer when staff removed protective casing. • Five ways hackers could rob you blind. Hacking into computer systems - a beginners guide | Hitesh Paarth.

HACKING INTO COMPUTER SYSTEMS A Beginners Guide Guides of the Beginner's Series: So you want to be a harmless hacker? Hacking Windows 95! Hacking into Windows 95 (and a little bit of NT lore)! Hacking from Windows 3.x, 95 and NTHow to Get a *Good* Shell Account, Part 1How to Get a *Good* Shell Account, Part 2How to use the Web to look up information on hacking.Computer hacking. Hacking Questions at Times of London. LONDON — Questions about illegal computer hacking by The Times of London were raised on Thursday when officials at the judicial inquiry into press ethics said they would recall the paper’s editor for further testimony and the police confirmed that they were investigating an incident in 2009 in which one of the paper’s reporters apparently hacked an e-mail account. So far the bulk of the police investigation has focused on phone hacking, which officials at ’s News International have admitted was rampant at the now-defunct News of the World tabloid.

Hacking into people’s e-mails is a potentially more serious crime than listening to their voice mail messages, and last summer the police opened Operation Tuleta, an investigation into computer hacking that is being held in tandem with one on phone hacking (Operation Weeting) and another on bribing the police (Operation Elveden). It is this incident that the police say they are looking at. Mr. A spokesman for the inquiry said that Mr. COMPUTER CRIME. What is Computer Crime??? Computer Crime is any crime committed using a computer. Offenders commonly commit these crimes by performing fraudulent activities, misusing access to computers, and exercising illegal external access to private networks. Generally disgruntled insiders commit computer crimes from a company. However, outsiders who are hackers, competitors, spies, and virus creators may also perform the crimes.

There are several types of computer crimes that people should be aware of. A computer alone is generally harmless, that is, until you connect it to other computer. We will do this by looking at what violations constitute a type of computer crime. Unauthorized access | simstim | sprawl. Unauthorized Access is a documentary produced by Annaliza Savage in 1994. Shot in 15 cities and 4 countries, this documentary offers an impressive array of topics dealing with hacking culture. The documentary begins with stories of several hackers who had trouble with the law. The first interview is with Mark Abene, aka Phiber Optik, who was just sentenced to a year of imprisonment for unauthorized access to federal interest computers among other charges. Mark describes the indictment as pathetic.

According to Mark what is happening to him and other hackers is equivalent to communist witchhunt of McCarthyism. The judge who sentenced Phiber Optik wanted to send a message to other hackers by giving him the harshest sentence among other defendants. In a more practical segment, the documentary explores some of the techniques used by hackers. The largest segment of the documentary is dedicated to the coverage of various hacker groups and communities. Hacker The Dude | Hacking, Tech And News. Hacking vs unauthorised access – what’s the difference? As cyber crime becomes more commonplace, it’s vital that the media understands the difference between hacking and unauthorised access. In 1932, Polish cryptologists broke the Enigma machine code, enabling the western Allies in WWII to read the secret Morse-coded radio communications of the Axis powers.

That’s hacking. In 2015, an employee of a baseball team accessed a rival team’s database by using credentials given to him back when he worked for them. That’s unauthorised access. Astros GM Jeff Luhnow speaks out about hacking scandal How many times did St. The Cardinals’ hack of the Astros system “was not limited to one or two occasions” The answer is obvious: hacking sounds ‘sexier’ than unauthorised access. Spotting the difference Hacking can be described as gaining unauthorised access to a computer system by improper means. Unauthorised access can be describes as gaining access to a computer system using usual means of access but without consent.

Why does it matter? Related February 10, 2014. Electronic Frontier Foundation | Defending your rights in the digital world. GetCyberSafe - Home. About NetSafe | NetSafe: Cybersafety and Security advice for New Zealand. NetSafe is an independent non-profit organisation. Our sole purpose is to promote confident, safe, and responsible use of online technologies.

NetSafe is a ‘tech positive’ organisation that emphasises the benefits of online participation to internet users. However, there are many challenges people face when going online. NetSafe is at the forefront of online safety practice. NetSafe has an unrelenting focus on supporting all New Zealanders to reduce their chances of coming unstuck and supporting them if things do go wrong. NetSafe works with a range of national and international government, business and civil society organisations to strengthen and extend the online safety education and support services available to all New Zealanders.

Computer Hacking and Ethics. Brian HarveyUniversity of California, Berkeley [A slightly different version of this paper was written for the ``Panel on Hacking'' held by the Association for Computing Machinery in April, 1985. Thanks to Batya Friedman, Donn Parker, and Carter Sanders for their comments on early drafts.] [Neal Patrick] said he and his friends, who named themselves the ``414s'' after the Milwaukee area code, did not intend to do any damage and did not realize they were doing anything unethical or illegal. In fact, when asked [at a Congressional subcommittee hearing] at what point he questioned the ethics of his actions, he answered, ``Once the FBI knocked on the door.'' -- "`Common Sense' Urged on Computer Break-Ins," 26 Sept 83; Copyright 1983 New York Times News Service It's no secret that a mature sense of ethics is something a person develops over time.

Good behavior is that which pleases or helps others and is approved by them. Is Neal Patrick at this third stage of moral development? 1. 2. 3. 4. “Cyber-crime Jurisdiction in New Zealand | Noel Cox. As identity theft) were occurring, or a lack of appreciation that computer-basedcrimes were distinct from crimes committed through traditional means (if indeed they are), or quantitatively or qualitatively significant.Article 2 of the 2001 Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime required signatory governments to enact such provisions as may be necessary toestablish as criminal offences under their domestic laws, when committedintentionally, the access to the whole or any part of a computer system withoutright. Although New Zealand was not a signatory to this Council of Europeinitiative, the Budapest convention is the first international agreement on thecontrol of cybercrime; it has so far been signed by 42 countries, and itsinfluence could not be ignored. 14.2.2.

Hacking and Related Offences Unauthorised access to computer systems, or ‘hacking’, is restricted by theTelecommunications Act 1987 and more recently by amendments to the CrimesAct 1961. V. Williamson. NZLC - Report 54: Computer Misuse - Appendix A: Legislation. You are here: NZLII >> Databases >> New Zealand Law Commission >> Report >> R54 >> Appendix A [Database Search] [Name Search] [Previous] [Next] [Download] [Help] Legislation Summary: 96 Appendix A is in two parts. In the first part of the Appendix the legislation from a number of jurisdictions is summarised. In the second part, the actual legislation is reproduced. United Kingdom 97 In 1990 the United Kingdom enacted the Computer Misuse Act 1990 (UK). 98 The Computer Misuse Act 1990 (UK) also addresses jurisdiction in cases where the computer hacking is international (See s 4(2)).

Australia 99 Australia has a number of statutes which create computer related crimes. 100 At the Commonwealth level, Part VIA of the Crimes Act 1914 creates a number of offences in relation to computer misuse. Canada Singapore 103 Singapore has also introduced legislation to deal with computer misuse. New Zealand Crimes Bill 1989: 199 Interpretation – “Computer network” means 199 Interpretation– “Computer system” means – 2. Chapter 11. Criminal Law and The Internet by Mark D. Rasch. This is one of eleven chapters contained in The Internet and Business: A Lawyer's Guide to the Emerging Legal Issues, published by the Computer Law Association. Copyright © 1996 by The Computer Law Association, Inc.

All Rights Reserved. ISBN 1-885169-05-1. It is the on-line version of a short book that provides an overview of the key legal issues facing Internet users and providers. It is intended for attorneys who advise business clients about Internet use issues. Chapter Eleven reviews the history of criminal prosecutions related to computers and on-line services, and describes the current state of the law relating to computer crime. I. Cyberspace. While computer technology permits business to work more efficiently, communicate more effectively, and become more productive, the computer, as a tool, permits those with less benevolent intention to evade the law. Much has been written about the phenomenon of "computer crime," but there is little agreement on its definition. 1. 2. II. IV. Privacyinternational. Today, Privacy International lodged a legal challenge to GCHQ's extensive and intrusive hacking of personal computers and devices.

Below, we answer a few questions about the law underlying our complaint, and why it matters. Is hacking legal? As a result of the Snowden revelations, we have learned that GCHQ, often in partnership with the NSA, has been using malicious software to intrude upon our computers and mobile devices. This type of activity, often called "hacking," is a criminal offense in the UK. The Computer Misuse Act 1990 ("CMA") prohibits unauthorised access to a computer, both to get at any programmes or data on that computer (Section 1) or with knowledge or reckless disregard for the fact that such access may impair the operation of the computer (Section 3).

GCHQ's intrusive use of malware, as we have described in this related post, almost certainly does both. But even if it's a crime for others to hack computers, isn't GCHQ exempt from that law? THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK. No special penal legislation Federal legislation: The Cybercrime Act 2001 amended the Criminal Code Act 1995 to replace existing oudated computer offences. 478.1 Unauthorised access to, or modification of, restricted data (1) A person is guilty of an offence if: (a) the person causes any unauthorised access to, or modification of, restricted data; and (b) the person intends to cause the access or modification; and (c) the person knows that the access or modification is unauthorised; and (d) one or more of the following applies: (i) the restricted data is held in a Commonwealth computer; (ii) the resticted data is held on behalf of the Commonwealth; (iii) the access to, or modification of, the resticted data is caused by means of a telecommunications service.

Penalty: 2 years imprisonment. (2) Absolute liability applies to paragraph (1)(d) (3) In this section: restricted data means data. (a) held in a computer; and Privacy Act 2000, effective as of January 1, 2000: Section 10: § 52. . §1. . §2. . §4. . §5. . §6. Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) - Internet Law Treatise. Hacking. What are hackers? Hackers are people who try to gain unauthorised access to your computer. This is normally done through the use of a 'backdoor' program installed on your machine.

You can protect yourself from these by using a firewall and a good up-to-date anti-virus program. You would normally get such a backdoor program by opening an E-mail attachment containing the backdoor program. It is normal for such a backdoor program to send out more copies of itself to everyone in your address book, so it is possible for someone you know to unintentionally send you a malicious program. A few backdoor programs can work with any e-mail program by sitting in memory and watching for a connection to a mail server, rather than actually running from within a specific mail program. These programs automatically attach themselves to any e-mail you send, causing you to unintentionally send out malicious programs to your friends and associates.

Why do hackers hack? What damage can a hacker do? FindLaw - Practical legal articles from FindLaw New Zealand. More Articles like this in:Criminal LawScience & TechnologyIT & the Internet New Computer CrimesAuthor: Simpson Grierson The Love Bug virus, the Code Red worm, identity theft, denial of service attacks, hacking - cyber crime is increasingly impacting on our lives. Unfortunately, existing law is not always equipped to deal with the perpetrators of cyber crime. In its Computer Misuse report, (1999) the Law Commission concluded that existing New Zealand law was inadequate to deal with cyber crime.

In response, the Government introduced a Bill to amend the Crimes Act 1961 including the creation of a number of new computer crimes. The proposed new computer crimes are outlined below.Accessing computer system for dishonest purpose The Bill creates a new offence of accessing a computer system for a dishonest purpose. Anyone who accesses a computer system with intent to either cause loss or obtain property is liable for up to 5 years imprisonment. Damaging or interfering with computer system. Computer hacking | Consumer Affairs.