Amendment XIV Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed. Section 3. Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. Section 5.
14th Amendment to the United States Constitution - Fourteenth Amendment - birthright citizenship anchor babies - US Constitution interpretation and misinterpretationFourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution - Rights Guaranteed Privileges and Immunities of Citizenship, Due Process and Equal Protection AMENDMENT XIV of the UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868. Section 1. Section 2. Section 3. Section 4. Section 5. History and Ratification The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress, on June 13, 1866. Ratification was completed on July 9, 1868. More information
Fourteenth Amendment: Equal Protection (1868) | Bill of Rights InstituteThis clause means that states must apply the law equally and cannot discriminate against people or groups of people arbitrarily. It does not mean that all people have to be treated the same way—states can require vision tests to receive a driver’s license, for example, but they cannot ban people from driving because of their race. In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) the Supreme Court held that racial segregation did not violate the Equal Protection Clause, but that decision was overturned a half-century later in Brown v. Board of Education (1954). Other Supreme Court cases that have applied the Equal Protection Clause include Korematsu v.
Corporate Personhood and 14th Amendment Rights - Crisis MagazineThis article originally appeared on Ethika Politika One of the demands made by the Occupy Wall Street movement has been the ending of the legal fiction of personhood for business corporations. This desire on the part of the Occupy movement is healthy, but the issue is actually more complicated than might at first appear. First let us look at the text of the relevant section of the Fourteenth Amendment: Section 1. This amendment was ratified in the summer of 1868, the second of three amendments enacted after the Civil War to free the slaves and secure their rights as citizens. In the period during and after the Civil War corporations were beginning their successful attempts to influence state legislatures to grant them privileges unknown to ante bellum corporations. The odd thing is that the U.S. Although nearly twenty years later the Supreme Court formally stated that headnotes do not have any legal force, by then it was too late. .