Mythology Guide - A dictionary of Greek and Roman Myths. Epic of Gilgamesh. Internet Sacred Text Archive Home. World-wide Ancient Site Database, Photos and Prehistoric Archaeo. Vedic History Part 1. Sumerian. The Sumerians were one of the earliest urban societies to emerge in the world, in Southern Mesopotamia more than 5000 years ago.
They developed a writing system whose wedge-shaped strokes would influence the style of scripts in the same geographical area for the next 3000 years. Eventually, all of these diverse writing systems, which encompass both logophonetic, consonantal alphabetic, and syllabic systems, became known as cuneiform. Complete listing of The Academy for Ancient Texts. Ancient texts library. Ancient Civilizations.