RSA Animate: The Truth About Dishonesty. This column will change your life: why are ethicists so unethical? Ethical philosophy isn't the most scintillating of subjects, but it has its moments.
Take, for example, the work of the US philosopher Eric Schwitzgebel, who's spent a large chunk of his career confirming the entertaining finding that ethicists aren't very ethical. Ethics books, it turns out, are more likely to be stolen from libraries than other philosophy books. Ethics professors are more likely to believe that eating animals is wrong, but no less likely to eat meat. Michael Shermer: The pattern behind self-deception. Need to Solve a Personal Problem? Try a Third-Person Perspective - Association for Psychological Science. Why is it that when other people ask for advice about a problem, we always seem to have sage words at the ready, but when we ourselves face a similar situation, we feel stumped about what to do?
Surprise journal: Notice the unexpected to fight confirmation bias for science and self-improvement. Photo by Ridofranz/Thinkstock.
The Value of “Cognitive Humility” Researchers Find Everyone Has a Bias Blind Spot-CMU News. Monday, June 8, 2015 It has been well established that people have a “bias blind spot,” meaning that they are less likely to detect bias in themselves than others.
However, how blind we are to our own actual degree of bias, and how many of us think we are less biased than others have been less clear. Published in Management Science, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, the City University London, Boston University and the University of Colorado, Boulder, have developed a tool to measure the bias blind spot, and revealed that believing you are less biased than your peers has detrimental consequences on judgments and behaviors, such as accurately judging whether advice is useful.
Explaining the Unexplainable - Issue 4: The Unlikely. During the Enlightenment, the French philosopher Voltaire called superstition a “mad daughter” and likened it to astrology.
The leading thinkers of the time espoused reason and sought to explain the world through the scientific method. Today, we take a certain pride in approaching the world analytically. When faced with a confusing event, we search for its cause and effect. If we can determine why one action follows another, we can explain why it happened and when it might recur in the future. This makes the outcome reliable. No coincidence? Statistics and the outrageously unlikely - physics-math - 18 March 2014. Book information The Improbability Principle: Why coincidences, miracles, and rare events happen every day by David J.
Hand Published by: Farrar, Straus, Giroux Price: $27 Focusing on the specific makes us less likely to see true probability (Image: Valentine Vermeil/Picturetank) In his superlative The Improbability Principle, David J. Hand makes sense of bizarre patterns in Bible codes, lightning strikes and even drug trials. THE WORLD QUESTION CENTER 2011— Page 1. GEORGE LAKOFF Cognitive Scientist and Linguist; Richard and Rhoda Goldman Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Science and Linguistics, UC Berkeley; Author, The Political Mind Conceptual Metaphor Conceptual Metaphor is at the center of a complex theory of how the brain gives rise to thought and language, and how cognition is embodied.
All concepts are physical brain circuits deriving their meaning via neural cascades that terminate in linkage to the body. That is how embodied cognition arises. Primary metaphors are brain mappings linking disparate brain regions, each tied to the body in a different way. Complex conceptual metaphors arise via neural bindings, both across metaphors and from a given metaphor to a conceptual frame circuit. Cognitive biases potentially affecting judgment of global risks. List of cognitive biases. Cognitive biases are tendencies to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.
There are also controversies as to whether some of these biases count as truly irrational or whether they result in useful attitudes or behavior. For example, when getting to know others, people tend to ask leading questions which seem biased towards confirming their assumptions about the person. Science confirms: Politics wrecks your ability to do math. Everybody knows that our political views can sometimes get in the way of thinking clearly.
But perhaps we don’t realize how bad the problem actually is. According to a new psychology paper, our political passions can even undermine our very basic reasoning skills. More specifically, the study finds that people who are otherwise very good at math may totally flunk a problem that they would otherwise probably be able to solve, simply because giving the right answer goes against their political beliefs. 8 Common Thinking Mistakes Our Brains Make Every Day and How to Prevent Them. 12.3K Flares Filament.io 12.3K Flares ×
Seven tricks your brain is playing on you. (NaturalNews) We all want to believe we are tough to fool. The problem is, even if you are not so gullible, your brain still works a certain way, making associations that create vulnerability to being easily fooled, or fooling yourself. It takes work to release yourself from these natural assumptions that are presumed to originate from a mix of hard wiring and cultural conditioning. Getting beyond them is surely a worthwhile thing to do, however.
Emotional Economics. OVERVIEW. Applied Bayes' Theorem: Reading People. Why Intelligent People Drink More Alcohol. Drinking alcohol is evolutionarily novel, so the Hypothesis would predict that more intelligent people drink more alcohol than less intelligent people. Michael Lewis on the King of Human Error. The Pyschology of Human Misjudgment by Charlie Munger. The Most IMPORTANT Video You'll Ever See (part 1 of 8) How Your Brain Decides Without You - Issue 19: Illusions.