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Medieval world

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Map of Medieval Europe in the 13th Century. Medieval Towns. There were few towns in Medieval England and those that existed were very small by our standards. Most people in Medieval England were village peasants but religious centres did attract people and many developed into towns or cities. Outside of London, the largest towns in England were the cathedral cities of Lincoln, Canterbury, Chichester, York, Bath, Hereford etc. That these cities were big can be explained simply because they were cathedral cities. These cities attracted all manner of people but especially traders and pilgrims. The Domesday Book of 1087 only included six towns in its enquiry. The big market fairs would have seen an increase in population and it may well have fallen after one had finished. Medieval towns tended to grow around areas where people could easily meet, such as crossroads or rivers.

Village people came to towns to trade therefore those who were in charge of a town had to do what was needed to ensure that their town was safe. The Middle Ages | Feudalism. Characteristics of the Feudal World Timeline The Middle Ages or medieval time is believed to have started with the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 and to have lasted about 1,000 years until about 1450. The beginning of the Middle Ages is called the Dark Ages because the great civilizations of Rome and Greece had been conquered. The end of the Middle Ages in about 1450 led to the beginning of the Renaissance. The principal features of the Renaissance were that learning became important, the lords and the church were both becoming powerful forces for change, the art world was flourishing with innovations like the development of perspective in painting and there was great advancement in science.

The barbarians were prevalent in most of the European nations of the Middle Ages. Magyars, Mongols and Vikings invaded or raided, but the barbarian invasions were really the transition from the classical to the medieval worlds. The People Life was very hard in the Middle Ages. Feudalism. The Medieval Church. The Medieval Church played a far greater role in Medieval England than the Church does today. In Medieval England, the Church dominated everybody’s life. All Medieval people – be they village peasants or towns people – believed that God, Heaven and Hell all existed. From the very earliest of ages, the people were taught that the only way they could get to Heaven was if the Roman Catholic Church let them.

Everybody would have been terrified of Hell and the people would have been told of the sheer horrors awaiting for them in Hell in the weekly services they attended. The control the Church had over the people was total. Peasants worked for free on Church land. They paid 10% of what they earned in a year to the Church (this tax was called tithes). Now a museum, this building was once a tithe barn serving Maidstone, Kent This is one reason why the Church was so wealthy. Archbishop’s Palace in Maidstone, Kent The Church also did not have to pay taxes. Middle Ages Religion. Middle Ages Religion - The Christian Religion (Christianity)The Christian religion, or Christianity, is the name given to the system of religious belief and practice which was taught by Jesus Christ in the country of Palestine during the reign of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (42 BC - AD 37). Christianity took its rise in Judaism.

Jesus Christ, its founder, and His disciples were all orthodox Jews. The new Christian religion emerged based on the testimony of the Scriptures, as interpreted by the life of Jesus Christ and the teaching of His Apostles, which were documented in the Bible. Religion during the Middle Ages Middle Ages Religion - The Rise of the Christian Religion (Christianity) in the Roman EraChristianity began among a small number of Jews (about 120, see Acts 1:15).

Christianity was seen as a threat to the Roman Empire as Christians refused to worship the Roman gods or the Emperor. Middle Ages Religion. Middle Ages Torture. Facts and information about various forms of tortures and executions can be accessed from the following links: Information about Tortures during the Medieval period of the Middle Ages Definition of TortureThe definition of torture is the the deliberate, systematic, cruel and wanton infliction of physical or mental suffering by one or more torturers in an attempt to force another person to yield information or to make a confession or for any other reason. Devices or tools were used to inflict unbearable agony on a victim. Objectives of TortureThe objectives of torture were to intimidate, deter, revenge or punish.

Methods of Middle Ages TortureThere were many methods of torture which were practised during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages: Ripping out teeth / nailsBeating BlindingBoilingBone breakingBranding and BurningCastrationChokingCuttingDisfigurementDislocationDrowningFlagellation, whipping and beatingFlayingRoastingGenital mutilationLimb/finger removalStarvationTongue removal. Middle Ages Weapons. What are the weapons of the Middle Ages? There were basically two types of armed men during the Medieval era who used different weapons available during the Middle Ages: The KnightsThe Foot soldiers, who included the Archers The Medieval men-at-arms held weapons according to their status and position which was determined by the Feudal system.

The weapons, weaponry, armor and horse of the Knight were extremely expensive. Lords were expected to provide soldiers who were trained in a variety of Middle Ages weapons. Knights were supported by their soldiers and the Middle Ages weapons used by the lower classes included The Knights themselves used different Middle Ages weapons riding on their warhorses - every knight had spent their whole lives gaining expertise in the use of the lance, swords and daggers.

Weapons used in the Middle Ages and the influence of the Feudal SystemThe increasing number and variety of Middle Ages weapons was partly due to the requirements of the Medieval Feudal System. Medieval England - Medieval towns. A Medieval goldsmith shop TownsA new class emerged during the Middle Ages; the merchant. The growth of trade and the merchant middle class went hand in hand with the growth in towns. Town populations swelled during this period, particularly after the Black Death. Trade routes grew, though roads remained poor and dangerous, so most goods were transported by water. Towns were built on trade, and the elite of towns were the merchants. Merchant guilds controlled town government, though they often clashed with craft guilds for power. Merchants needed stability for trade, so they supported the king and the establishment of a strong central government against the rule of individual nobles.

Merchant GuildsGuilds controlled the trade in a town. Merchant Adventurer's Hall, York Craft GuildsSeparate from the merchant guilds were the craft guilds, which regulated the quality, working hours and conditions of its members. CleanlinessSanitation was a constant concern. Norwich medieval town walls. Search. ABC online education. ABC online education. Medieval Jobs. Interesting history, facts and information about the life of the people who lived in England during the Medieval times Medieval Jobs - The names of the Medieval people who worked on the manors The Lord of the Manor was based in the Manor House and from here he conducted the business of the manor.

The names of the Medieval jobs of the people who worked on the manors are described as follows: Vassal - A Vassal or Liege was a free man who held land ( a fief ) from a lord to whom he paid homage and swore fealty. A vassal could be a Lord of the Manor but was also directly subservient to a Noble or the King Bailiff - A Bailiff was a person of some importance who undertook the management of manors Reeve - A Reeve was a manor official appointed by the lord or elected by the peasants Serf - A serf was another name for a peasant or tennant. For additional facts and information about Medieval Manors read the following articles: Lady of the Manor Lord of the Manor Manor House Manorialism. Medieval Life. The following articles are meant to provide both students and teachers with a full knowledge about medieval life. I have arranged the following articles in hierarchical order for a better understanding to be had: - Brief Insight into Medieval Life - Features the life of most medieval people during the Middle Ages.

Additionally, this article includes many resources for further reading and links to other pages. - Life in a Medieval Castle - How was life in a medieval castle? - Medieval Feudalism - Feudalism is the system that managed most of Europe from the X to the XXII century. . - Medieval Health - How was the health of a regular medieval peasant? - Medieval Knights - Knights are often portrayed as strong and noble, but what was the purpose of their existence? - Medieval Sorcery, Witches and Spells - Witches were feared throughout the Medieval Times, reason for which many torture devices were designed specifically for them.

. - How was Food Acquired During the Medieval Times? Medieval European History. Medieval European History The Dark Ages. That's one of the terms used to describe nearly 1000 years of history-a history that is often hard to understand due to a lack of surviving documents, and often is clouded by myth and legends. Western Europe was under the rule of hundreds of feudal lords and kings. Castles dominated the landscape, and entire cities were built behind protective walls. The Roman Empire formally legalized Christianity during the 4th century, and soon afterward, the zeal and evangelism of practitioners spread this faith throughout Western Europe as far west as Ireland. Knights, soldiers, peasants and pilgrims marched along European roads and trails during the Crusades and brought back with them stories of differing cultures, and began to adopt their architecture, tales of Romance, and advances in medicine.

Through these centuries, Europe was slowly waking from a harsh slumber, and begin to sow the seeds of a Renaissance. The Middle Ages for Kids and Teachers - Middle Ages for Kids. EyeWitness To The Middle Ages and Renaissance. Life in a Christian Monastery, ca. 585"When he was dead his body was not placed with the bodies of the brethren, but a grave was dug in the dung pit, and his body was flung down into it. . .

" Crime and punishment in a medieval monastery: the monastery's Abbott provides insight into the monastic life. The Vikings Discover America, ca. 1000"There was no want of salmon either in the river or in the lake. " Five hundred years before Columbus, the Vikings discover a New World. Invasion of England, 1066The Norman conquest of Anglo-Saxon England described through the images of the 900 year-old Bayeux Tapestry. Anarchy in 12th Century EnglandThe Anglo-Saxon Chronicle paints a sobering picture of life in 12th century England that contrasts strikingly with Hollywood's image of the Middle Ages. The Murder Of Thomas Becket, 1170The killing of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Crusaders Capture Jerusalem, 1099The assault and capture of the Christian "Navel of the World" Internet History Sourcebooks. Internet Medieval Sourcebook Paul Halsall, ORB sources editorLast Modified: Nov 4, 2011 [linked pages may have been updated more recently] The Internet Medieval Sourcebook is located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.

MIDI: Sumer is icumen in 13C MIDI: Estampie 14C MIDI: Cantigas II 13C MIDI: Attaignant 16C MIDI: Veni Emmanuel trad MIDI: Alleluya: Nativitas 12C Music courtesy of The Internet Renaissance Band Play any of the above for appropriate music for browsing 1. This project is both very large and fairly old in Internet terms. At the time it was instigated (1996), it was not clear that web sites [and the documents made available there] would often turn out to be transient. As a result there is a process called "link rot" - which means that a "broken link" is a result of someone having taken down a web page. In some cases some websites have simply reorganized sub-directories without creating forwarding links. Sourcebook Contents Supplementary Documents Help! ABC online education. ABC online education. Transcript 00:00:00:00Shot of old building.00:00:01:08NARRATOR:Europe's historic landscapes are covered with tiny clues about ways of life that have long since disappeared.00:00:07:21Shot of person digging in an archaeological site.00:00:09:03NARRATOR:Finding these ancient clues is a major challenge.

But when we do uncover something, each piece of evidence has its own stories to tell and helps build up an ever more accurate picture of what it was like to live hundreds or even thousands of years ago.00:00:26:22Shot of man and woman inspecting metallic object. No-one will ever be totally sure what medieval Europe was like. But if you put all the clues together, you begin to get a feel of how it might have been.00:00:38:14Man and woman continue to inspect metallic object.00:00:44:24Man places object in plastic crate.00:00:50:16MAN:Ah, good day.

Croeso. ABC online education. BBC Bitesize - KS3 History - Everyday life in the Middle Ages - Revision 1. KS3 Bitesize History - Everyday life in the Middle Ages : Revision, Page 5. KS3 Bitesize History - The Middle Ages. History: Middle Ages.