Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
Map of Minoan Crete The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from approximately the 27th century BCE to the 15th century BCE. [ 1 ] It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century through the work of the British archaeologist Arthur Evans . Will Durant referred to it as "the first link in the European chain." [ 2 ] The early inhabitants of Crete settled as early as 128,000 BCE, during the Middle Paleolithic age. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] It was not until 5000 BCE that the first signs of advanced agriculture appeared, marking the beginning of civilization. The Minoan culture was established by the 27th century BCE. [ edit ] Overview
The Parthenon , a temple dedicated to Athena , located on the Acropolis in Athens , is one of the most representative symbols of the culture and sophistication of the ancient Greeks. Ancient Greece was a Greek civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (ca. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era. [ 1 ] Included in Ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece , which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC.
Introduction The letters in the alphabet presented below are used for printed Ancient Greek texts. The earliest Greek texts that have survived were written with a radically different script called Linear B .
Bronze Age storage jars at Knossos The Greeks did not have the same idea of an economy that we have. The word "economy" is Greek, but to the Greeks it meant something like "rules of a household" (the "eco" part of economy is from the Greek word for house, "oikos", and the "nomy" part is from their word for law). Because they did not think about the economy as a whole, it is hard to talk of a government economic policy.
Slave woman playing a kithara. You can tell she is a slave because she has short hair. In ancient Greece , most people who worked at jobs - teachers , doctors , nurses , construction workers , policemen, hair-dressers, mail carriers, cooks , nannies, bakers, miners, farmhands , dancers, musicians , craftspeople , and accountants - were slaves instead of free people. This was partly because free Greek people had no money to pay workers with (until the Archaic period), and because they had no clocks (to measure how long somebody had worked). But it was also because it is cheaper to force people to work for you than it is to pay them.