Archeological Discoveries in Europe

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Proof that women have ALWAYS loved jewellery: Skull from 1550BC goes on display with elaborate bronze headband. Female skeleton was discovered in Rochlitz, south of Halle, east Germany, while construction work was underway on a new rail track The skeleton - thought to date back to between 1550 and 1250 BC - was found to be wearing an elaborate headband made of tiny bronze spirals By Kerry Mcdermott.

Proof that women have ALWAYS loved jewellery: Skull from 1550BC goes on display with elaborate bronze headband

That's going to be one stinky variety! Traces of ancient cheese show the foodstuff dates back at least 7,000 years. Earliest cheeses dating back to 5000BC found in Polish region of KuyaviaScientists found traces by analysing fatty acids found in unglazed pottery By Lewis Smith Published: 18:27 GMT, 12 December 2012 | Updated: 08:57 GMT, 14 December 2012 Assortment of cheeses: A new study shows the art of cheese making dates back at least 7,000 years to Poland The art of cheese-making dates back at least 7,000 years, archaeologists have concluded after finding traces of an ancient vintage.

That's going to be one stinky variety! Traces of ancient cheese show the foodstuff dates back at least 7,000 years

Chemical analysis of fragments of pottery believed to have been specially designed for creating cheese has shown that it was being made in about 5000BC. But far from coming from regions like Somerset in Britain and Brie in France that are famous today for their cheeses, the earliest vintage comes from the Polish region of Kuyavia. The first carpenters? 7,000 year old German water wells reveal earliest known use of wood for construction. Tests revealed that the wood comes from massive old oak trees felled by early Neolithic farmers with stone axes between the years of 5206 and 5098 BCThe wells were excavated at settlements in the Greater Leipzig region and are the oldest known timber constructions in the worldWood could also hold clues to environmental conditions at the time By Mark Prigg.

The first carpenters? 7,000 year old German water wells reveal earliest known use of wood for construction

Alepotrypa: Incredible cave which experts believe inspired the Greek legend of Hades. The cave - named Alepotrypa - dates back to the Neolithic Age but laid undiscovered in southern Greece until the 1950sArchaeologists have uncovered tools, pottery, obsidian, silver and copper artifactsFindings suggest cave dwellers might have connected the cave with Hades By Suzannah Hills Published: 16:32 GMT, 29 November 2012 | Updated: 07:44 GMT, 30 November 2012 An ancient Greek cave nearly the size of four football pitches and with its own underground lake may be responsible for sparking the age-old myth about the Greek underworld god Hades, archaeologists claim.

Alepotrypa: Incredible cave which experts believe inspired the Greek legend of Hades

The cavern - named Alepotrypa which means 'foxhole' - laid undiscovered for centuries in Diros Bay, Mani, southern Greece, until a man walking his dog found a tiny entrance to the cave in the 1950s. Scroll down for video. The not-so-Dark Ages: Mummified head from 1200AD reveals enlightened doctors were dissecting human bodies centuries earlier than previously thought. Scientists have found the oldest preserved human dissection in EuropeRadiocarbon dating suggests the head and shoulders are from 1200ADHead so well preserved it retained a red beard By Emma Innes Published: 16:56 GMT, 6 March 2013 | Updated: 17:16 GMT, 6 March 2013 Scientists have found what they believe to be the oldest preserved human dissection in Europe.

The not-so-Dark Ages: Mummified head from 1200AD reveals enlightened doctors were dissecting human bodies centuries earlier than previously thought

The specimen, which shows signs of surprisingly advanced medical techniques, is made up of an adult human head and shoulders with the top of the skull and the brain removed. Radiocarbon dating puts the age of the head, which is being studied by Philippe Charlier at University Hospital R. Scientists have found what they believe to be the oldest preserved human dissection in Europe The researchers used medical scanners to create a 3D model of them, allowing them to see inside and analyse the methods used to preserve it The head’s arteries are filled with a ‘metal wax’ compound made up of beeswax, lime and cinnabar mercury. Iron Age helmet used to hold human remains following a cremation among rare finds unearthed by Britain's amateur treasure hunters.

Recent finds announced by experts from the British Museum in LondonIron Age helmet unearthed by metal-detectorist near Canterbury, KentA boar mount also found that could have belonged to Richard IIIViking hoard among the other treasures unearthed over the past year By Damien Gayle Published: 14:35 GMT, 3 December 2012 | Updated: 09:28 GMT, 4 December 2012 An 'extremely rare' Iron Age helmet that was later used as a vessel to hold human remains following a cremation has been discovered.

Iron Age helmet used to hold human remains following a cremation among rare finds unearthed by Britain's amateur treasure hunters

The British Museum revealed the helmet, that resembles those worn by German troops in the Second World War, was unearthed by a metal-detectorist near Canterbury, Kent, last month. A brooch found with the helmet is thought to have once fastened a bag containing human bones. Alepotrypa: Incredible cave which experts believe inspired the Greek legend of Hades. Archaeologists unearth Scotland's oldest, 10,000 year-old, home. A golden discovery: Bulgarian archaelogists discover astonishing artifacts linked to Alexander the Great in vast network of tombs. Beautifully-preserved treasures found in Bulgarian historical siteThracian artefacts are more than 2,000 years oldMay be linked to Phillip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great's father By Sam Webb.

A golden discovery: Bulgarian archaelogists discover astonishing artifacts linked to Alexander the Great in vast network of tombs

Huge ancient Pagan hall unearthed at Lyminge, Kent. The foundations were found under a village green at Lyminge, KentThe 69 feet by 28 feet structure had room for at least 60 peopleA rare piece of horse harness and jewellery were also found By Alex Ward Published: 02:18 GMT, 31 October 2012 | Updated: 16:43 GMT, 31 October 2012 The foundations of a huge Anglo-Saxon feasting hall, the first to be discovered in more than 30 years, has been found below a village green in Kent.

Huge ancient Pagan hall unearthed at Lyminge, Kent

The hall, where a king and his warriors would have enjoyed epic days-long feasts, has laid just inches underground for 1,300 years. Residents of 'Europe's oldest town' sliced their dead in half and buried them from the pelvis up. Bulgarian town thought to date back as far as 4700BCResidents made their living mining for salt, an important resource that made them wealthyEvidence also suggests the town had already developed a class system By Damien Gayle Published: 10:11 GMT, 29 October 2012 | Updated: 14:28 GMT, 29 October 2012 Residents of what is thought to be Europe's oldest town cut their dead in half and buried them from the pelvis up, according to archaeologists.

Residents of 'Europe's oldest town' sliced their dead in half and buried them from the pelvis up

The newly discovered ancient settlement, thought to date back to 4700BC, is near the Bulgarian town of Provadia, about 25 miles from the country's Black Sea coast. Archaeology professor Vassil Nikolov led the dig which focused on the town itself and its necropolis, where the strange and complex burial rituals were discovered. Evidence of Stone Age tomb found near megalithic monument known as 'Sweden's Stonehenge' Burial site discovered near Ale's Stones, an arrangement of builders on the Swedish Baltic coastFolklore says the stones mark the final resting place of legendary leader King AleResearchers find evidence that a dolmen stood nearby and unearth pieces of flint tools.

Evidence of Stone Age tomb found near megalithic monument known as 'Sweden's Stonehenge'

Prehistoric building 'older than the Egyptian pyramids' discovered in Wales, puzzling archaeologists. Foundations of meeting house at least 50ft long found in MonmouthDiscovery was made as builders worked on a new housing estate By Graham Smith Published: 11:21 GMT, 14 June 2012 | Updated: 14:54 GMT, 14 June 2012 A large prehistoric building older than Egypt’s pyramids has been discovered in Wales. The foundations of a meeting house which was at least 50ft long were uncovered as builders worked on a new housing estate in Monmouth. Deepest Roman shipwrecks found near Greece - and prove that ancient seafarers were more adventurous than thought. Wreck and pottery found 0.9 miles down between Corfu and ItalyAncient merchants didn't 'hug the shore' but sailed across seaFound by survey for Greek-Italian gas pipeline By Rob Waugh. 'Black magic' of ancient curse revealed after Roman tablet found hidden in museum. Snake-haired figure called to 'bind' victimBlack-magic tablet calls down curse on specific man - PorcellusMay contain depiction of goddess thought of as 'mother of witches'Tablets lost in Bologna archives for more than a century By Rob Waugh Published: 09:34 GMT, 23 May 2012 | Updated: 16:34 GMT, 23 May 2012 Stone tablets hidden in the Museum of Bologna's archives may contain a terrible, ancient curse calling a devil-goddess to bind and torment a named victim.

The tablets were hidden in the archives for nearly a century - thought to have been put aside at the start of World War I - and rediscovered in 2009. The tablets are believed to be 1600 years old. Human remains from 12th century discovered inside York Minster. By Suzannah Hills Published: 18:46 GMT, 9 March 2012 | Updated: 01:50 GMT, 10 March 2012 Human remains believed to date back to the 12th century have been discovered underneath York Minster during rare excavation work at the famous place of worship. For the first time in 40 years, archaeologists were allowed the a 'once in a lifetime' opportunity to dig in a designated part of the church before a lift shaft is built into the Minster's undercroft. Anglo Saxon grave reveals 16-year-old girl laid to rest with a gold cross. By Tamara Cohen. Gobekli Tepe - Eden, Home of the Watchers. Göbekli Tepe today, its cult buildings exposed to the elements (pic: Andrew Collins).

Adriano Forgione, editor of HERA magazine, interviews Andrew Collins on Göbekli Tepe, the Oldest Temple in the World, constructed as early as 11,500-11,000 years ago in southeast Turkey. Pompeii's Stabian Baths reopens after £1m renovation. Mass grave reveals 1,000 year old Viking massacre.