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Greek and Roman Materials. Encyclopedia Mythica: mythology, folklore, and religion. Cultural Translation: A Critical Analysis of William Jones's Translation of Hafez. Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology, page 1. Page 1 edited and/or translated by D.

Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology, page 1

L. Ashliman University of Pittsburgh © 1996-2016 Return to: Abducted by Aliens. Bald Stories: Folktales about Hairless Men. Cain and Abel. S. Thompson. Motif-index of folk-literature. Archaeoastronomy. Archaeoastronomy (also spelled archeoastronomy) is the study of how people in the past "have understood the phenomena in the sky, how they used these phenomena and what role the sky played in their cultures.


Ancient astronauts. Ancient astronauts or ancient aliens[1] is a pseudo-scientific hypothesis that posits intelligent extraterrestrial beings have visited Earth and made contact with humans in antiquity and prehistory.[2] Proponents suggest that this contact influenced the development of human cultures, technologies, and religions.

Ancient astronauts

A common claim is that deities from most, if not all, religions are actually extraterrestrial in nature, and that such visitors' advanced technologies were wrongly understood by primitive men as evidence of divine status.[3][4] Proposers subscribing to the resultant paleocontact hypothesis proposal have popularized, particularly in the latter half of the 20th century, include Erich von Däniken, Giorgio A. Nine Worlds of The Norse. Canaanite religion. Canaanite religion is the name for the group of Ancient Semitic religions practiced by the Canaanites living in the ancient Levant from at least the early Bronze Age through the first centuries of the Common Era.

Canaanite religion

Canaanite religion was polytheistic, and in some cases monolatristic. Beliefs[edit] Pantheon[edit] PIEreligion : Message: The ‘Divine Twins’ RELIGIOUS SYNCRETISM. Excerpted from N.


F. Gier, Theology Bluebook, 3rd edition, 1994. Mythological Parallels. The deus otiosus. Sky father. "Sky Father" is a direct translation of the Vedic Dyaus Pita, etymologically identical to the Greek Zeus Pater.[1] While there are numerous parallels adduced from outside of Indo-European mythology, the concept is far from universal (e.g.

Sky father

Egyptian mythology has a "Heavenly Mother"). "Sky Father" in historical mythology[edit] "Nomadic" hypothesis[edit] In late 19th century opinions on comparative religion, in a line of thinking that begins with Friedrich Engels and J. J. This view was stylized as reflecting not only a conflict of nomadism vs. agriculturalism but of "patriarchy" vs. Reception in modern culture[edit] The theory about earth goddesses, sky father, and patriarchal invaders was a stirring tale that fired various imaginations. See also[edit] References[edit] DIOSCURI : Greek Gods of Horsemanship, Protectors of Sailors. THE DIOSKOUROI (or Dioscuri) were twin star-crowned gods whose appearance (in the form of St Elmo's fire) on the rigging of a ships was believed to portent escape from a storm.

DIOSCURI : Greek Gods of Horsemanship, Protectors of Sailors

They were also gods of horsemanship and protectors of guests and travellers. The twins were born as mortal princes, sons of the Spartan queen Leda, one being fathered by Zeus the other by her husband Tyndareus. Because of their generosity and kindness to man they were apotheosed into gods at death. At first Polydeukes alone, being a son of Zeus, was offered this gift, but he agreed only on condition that his half-twin Kastor share the honour. Gemini. In mythology the Twins were involved in cattle theft, it was during a dispute over the division of spoils of a cattle raid with their cousins that Castor met his death.


Pollux was granted immortality by Zeus, but he persuaded Zeus to allow him to share the gift with Castor. As a result, the two spend alternate days on Olympus (as gods) and in Hades (as deceased mortals) [6]. Pollux is the brighter of two Twin stars. Pollux, otherwise known as Beta Geminorum, is the 17th brightest star in the sky, prominent in evening skies from late fall through spring each year.

Pollux is the brighter of two Twin stars

It is ideally placed for viewing in March, when you’ll find this star highest in the sky during the evening hours as seen from around the globe. Follow the links below to learn more about the star Pollux in the constellation Gemini. How to see the star Pollux. Pollux science. History and mythology of Pollux. Gilgamesh & Enkidu. Lightning and the cult of the heavenly twins. Chaos (cosmogony) The Last of the Rephaim: Conquest and Cataclysm in the Heroic Ages of Ancient Israel. TABLE OF CONTENTS ABBREVIATIONS vii ILLUSTRATIONS xiv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv Chapter 1.

The Last of the Rephaim: Conquest and Cataclysm in the Heroic Ages of Ancient Israel

INTRODUCTION 1 2. A RACE OF BIG MEN THERE WAS 14 Introduction 14 Giants in the Ancient World and the Modern Western Traditions 17 Greeks and Giants: 20th and 21st Century Scholarship 19t h- Early 20th Century Scholarship Renaissance and Medieval Europe The Giant in the Ancient World Jerusalem and Athens in Comparative Perspective 45 A View from the West: Classical Scholarship and the Near East A View from the East: Biblical Scholars and the Aegean World A Mediterranean koine A Note on the Comparative Method 75 Conclusion 82 3. ABBREVIATIONS Note: Abbreviations for all scholarly works, languages, biblical books, and other ancient sources follow the conventions of the SBL Handbook of Style (1999), including, or with the exception of, those listed below. A AA AAT ABSA Ac AcOr Am Ant AB ABD ABRL ACCS1 ACCSIV ACF AcS AE AES AFS AGHC AgHom AH AHR AJA AJBI AJP AJSLL AJT Am Ant ANET3 Ant.

GKC W. Just-world hypothesis. The hypothesis popularly appears in the English language in various figures of speech that imply guaranteed negative reprisal, such as: "You got what was coming to you", "What goes around comes around", and "You reap what you sow". This hypothesis has been widely studied by social psychologists since Melvin J. Lerner conducted seminal work on the belief in a just world in the early 1960s.[1] Research has continued since then, examining the predictive capacity of the hypothesis in various situations and across cultures, and clarifying and expanding the theoretical understandings of just-world beliefs.[2] Emergence[edit] Soteriology. Soteriology (Greek: σωτηρία sōtēria "salvation" from σωτήρ sōtēr "savior, preserver" + λόγος logos "study" or "word"[1]) is the study of religious doctrines of salvation.

Salvation theory occupies a place of special significance and importance in many religions. In the academic field of religious studies, soteriology is understood by scholars as representing a key theme in a number of different religions and is often studied in a comparative context; that is, comparing various ideas about what salvation is and how it is obtained. Buddhism[edit] Buddhism is devoted primarily to liberation from suffering, ignorance, and rebirth. Myths and legends. Myth, Legend, Folklore, Ghosts. Apollo and the Greek Muses Updated July 2010 COMPREHENSIVE SITES ON MYTHOLOGY ***** The Encyclopedia Mythica - SEARCH - Areas - Image Gallery - Genealogy tables - Mythic Heroes Probert Encyclopaedia - Mythology Gods, Heroes, and MythDictionary of Mythology What is Myth?

MESOPOTAMIAN MYTHOLOGYThe Assyro-Babylonian Mythology FAQ Sumerian Mythology FAQ Sumerian Mythology Sumerian Gods and Goddesses Sumerian Myths SUMERIAN RELIGION Mythology's Mythinglinks: the Tigris-Euphrates Region of the Ancient Near East Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters of Mesopotamia The Assyro-Babylonian Mythology FAQ More info on Ancient Mesopotamia can be found on my Ancient River Valley Civilizations page. GREEK MYTHOLOGYOrigins of Greek MythologyGreek Mythology - MythWeb (plus a fun QUIZ)Ancient Greek Religion Family Tree of Greek Mythology Greek Names vs. VARIOUS FAIRIES, ELVES, UNICORNS, MERMAIDS, & OTHER MYTHICAL TOPICS HERE BE DRAGONS! The Hindu Veda. Chinese mythology. Chinese mythology refers to those myths found in the historical geographic area of China: these include myths in Chinese and other languages, as transmitted by Han Chinese as well as other ethnic groups (of which fifty-six are officially recognized by the current administration of China).[1] Chinese mythology includes creation myths and legends, such as myths concerning the founding of Chinese culture and the Chinese state.

Eight Immortals - encyclopedia article about Eight Immortals. The Eight Immortals (Chinese: 八仙; pinyin: Bāxiān; Wade–Giles: Pa¹hsien¹) are a group of legendary xian ("immortals; transcendents; saints") in Chinese mythology. Each Immortal's power can be transferred to a power tool (法器) that can bestow life or destroy evil. Together, these eight tools are called the "Covert Eight Immortals" (暗八仙 àn ~).

India Once Ruled the Americas! - Gene Matlock. Avesta. Vedas and Upanishads by Sanderson Beck. BECK index Harappan CivilizationRig VedaSama VedaYajur VedaAtharva VedaBrahmanasAranyakasEarly UpanishadsKena, Katha, Isha, and MundakaLater Upanishads This chapter has been published in the book INDIA & Southeast Asia to 1800. For ordering information, please click here. Harappan Civilization Although they did use some writing with pictographic symbols at Mohenjo-daro, they were not extensive nor alphabetic nor have they been deciphered yet, and the Indo-European Sanskrit which did develop in India is probably quite different. The Settlers (Earth Paleogeography Included)

Satipatthana. The "four foundations of mindfulness" (Pali cattāro satipaṭṭhānā) are canonically described bases for maintaining moment-by-moment mindfulness and for developing mindfulness through meditation. Pre-Zoroastrian Aryan Religions & Religious Wars. Page 1. Page 1. Orphism (religion) Orphic mosaics were found in many late-Roman villas. Orpheus. Mithraism: Zoroastrian Gnosticism. The theory, originally proposed by Franz Cumont, that Mithraism evolved from Persian Zoroastrianism, is now generally dismissed.

However, the theory has not been carefully examined. A primitive version of the Mithraic mysteries certainly existed among them, as can be determined from circumstantial evidence, where they contributed heavily to the Greek traditions of Orphism, which not only later emerged as prominent themes in Mithraism, but of Hellenistic mysticism in general. While based on these earlier tradition, Mithraism nevertheless, modified during these times, to conform to these same Gnostic tendencies.

Pythagoreanism. Guardians of Darkness. Lute of Pythagoras. Apeiron (cosmology) The Golden Verses. Religion in Mesopotamia. ETCSLhomepage. Egypt. Judas Thomas Hypothesis. The Official Graham Hancock Website: Forum. The Official Graham Hancock Website: Forum. Signs Of Heaven » Blog Archive » Woman of Revelation 12 & The Narrow Way Stars.

Jesus Christ in comparative mythology.