ARTISTS

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Symbolism (arts) Distinct from, but related to, the style of literature, symbolism of art is related to the gothic component of Romanticism.

Symbolism (arts)

The term "symbolism" is derived from the word "symbol" which derives from the Latin symbolum, a symbol of faith, and symbolus, a sign of recognition, in turn from classical Greek συμβόλον symbolon, an object cut in half constituting a sign of recognition when the carriers were able to reassemble the two halves. In ancient Greece, the symbolon, was a shard of pottery which was inscribed and then broken into two pieces which were given to the ambassadors from two allied city states as a record of the alliance.

Children's literature. A mother reads to her children, depicted by Jessie Willcox Smith in a cover illustration of a volume of fairy tales written in the mid to late 19th century.

Children's literature

Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children. Modern children's literature is classified in two different ways: genre or the intended age of the reader. Children's literature can be traced to stories and songs, part of a wider oral tradition, that adults shared with children before publishing existed.

Walter Crane

Digital art. Wade GuytonUntitled (2008) Epson UltraChrome inkjet prints on linen 84 x 587 inches still from Jeremy Blake's Winchester Redux, a 5 min. digital video with sound, continuous loop (2004) Maurizio Bolognini, Programmed Machines (Nice, France, 1992-97).

Digital art

An installation at the intersection of digital art and conceptual art (computers are programmed to generate flows of random images which nobody would see). Irrationnal Geometrics digital art installation 2008 by Pascal Dombis Joseph Nechvatalbirth Of the viractual 2001 computer-robotic assisted acrylic on canvas Digital art is an artistic work or practice that use digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation process. Digital production techniques in visual media[edit]

Graham Johnson

Folk art. Detail of 17th century calendar stick carved with national coat of arms, a common motif in Norwegian folk art.

Folk art

Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople. In contrast to fine art, folk art is primarily utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic.[1] Folk Art is characterized by a naive style, in which traditional rules of proportion and perspective are not employed. Closely related terms are Outsider Art, Self-Taught Art and Naïve art.[2] As a phenomenon that can chronicle a move towards civilization yet rapidly diminish with modernity, industrialization, or outside influence, the nature of folk art is specific to its particular culture. The varied geographical and temporal prevalence and diversity of folk art make it difficult to describe as a whole, though some patterns have been demonstrated. Characteristics[edit] Folk art expresses cultural identity by conveying shared community values and aesthetics.

Russian

French. American. Canadian. Italian Renaissance. Era[edit] The European Renaissance began in Tuscany (Central Italy), and centred in the cities of Florence and Siena.

Italian Renaissance

It later spread to Venice, where the remains of ancient Greek culture were brought together, providing humanist scholars with new texts. The Renaissance later had a significant effect on Rome, which was ornamented with some structures in the new all'antico mode, then was largely rebuilt by humanist sixteenth-century popes. High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian: [leoˈnardo da vˈvintʃi] ( Leonardo is revered for his technological ingenuity.

Leonardo da Vinci

File:Última Cena - Da Vinci 5.jpg. Michelangelo. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo (Italian pronunciation: [mikeˈlandʒelo]), was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.[1] Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his fellow Italian Leonardo da Vinci.

Michelangelo

In a demonstration of Michelangelo's unique standing, he was the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was alive.[2] Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime; one of them, by Giorgio Vasari, proposed that he was the pinnacle of all artistic achievement since the beginning of the Renaissance, a viewpoint that continued to have currency in art history for centuries. Life Early life, 1475-88. Raphael. Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino[2] (April 6 or March 28, 1483 – April 6, 1520[3]), better known simply as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.

Raphael

His work is admired for its clarity of form and ease of composition and for its visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Abstract art. Robert Delaunay, 1912-13, Le Premier Disque, 134 cm (52.7 in.), Private collection.

Abstract art

Abstract art, nonfigurative art, nonobjective art, and nonrepresentational art are loosely related terms. They are similar, but perhaps not of identical meaning. Both geometric abstraction and lyrical abstraction are often totally abstract. Among the very numerous art movements that embody partial abstraction would be for instance fauvism in which color is conspicuously and deliberately altered vis-a-vis reality, and cubism, which blatantly alters the forms of the real life entities depicted.[3][4] History[edit] Romanticism. Defining Romanticism[edit] Basic characteristics[edit]

Romanticism

Art of Europe. The art of Europe encompasses the history of visual art in Europe. European prehistoric art started as mobile rock, and cave painting art, and was characteristic of the period between the Paleolithic and the Iron Age.[1] Written histories of European art often begin with the art of the Ancient Middle East, and the Ancient Aegean civilisations, dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Parallel with these significant cultures, art of one form or another existed all over Europe, wherever there were people, leaving signs such as carvings, decorated artifacts and huge standing stones. However a consistent pattern of artistic development within Europe becomes clear only with the art of Ancient Greece, adopted and transformed by Rome and carried; with the Empire, across much of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.

[citation needed] Post-Impressionism. Post-Impressionism (also spelled Postimpressionism[1]) is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1910 to describe the development of French art since Manet. Fry used the term when he organized the 1910 exhibition Manet and the Post-Impressionists.

Post-Impressionists extended Impressionism while rejecting its limitations: they continued using vivid colours, often thick application of paint, and real-life subject matter, but they were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary colour. Overview[edit] Expressionism. Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.

Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.[1][2] Expressionist artists sought to express meaning[3] or emotional experience rather than physical reality.[3][4] Impressionism. Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists.

Their independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s, in spite of harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satirical review published in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari.

Overview[edit] Classicism. Art history. Renaissance. The Renaissance (UK /rɨˈneɪsəns/, US /ˈrɛnɨsɑːns/, French pronunciation: ​[ʁənɛsɑ̃s], from French: Renaissance "re-birth", Italian: Rinascimento, from rinascere "to be reborn")[1] was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. Edwardian era.

The Edwardian era or Edwardian period in the United Kingdom is the period covering the reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended beyond Edward's death to include years leading up to World War I. Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

John Singer Sargent

Great Scans of Great Art. History painting. History painting, is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style. History paintings usually depict a moment in a narrative story, rather than a specific and static subject, such as a portrait. Joseph Stella. Gustave Dore. Caravaggio. Gustav Klimt. John William Waterhouse. George Wesley Bellows. Jasper Johns. Johyn Everett Millais. Mark Rothko. Millet. Tintoretto. John Baptist Medina. Rosa Bonheur. Emanuel Leutze. Joan Miro. Edouard Manet. William Blake. Edgar Degas. Maud Lewis. John Collier. Theophile Steinlen. Precisionism. Spanish Renaissance. El Greco.