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Neuromorphic Chips Are Destined for Deep Learning—or Obscurity. 3. Engineering Cognition People in the tech world talk of a technology “crossing the chasm” by making the leap from early adopters to the mass market. A case study in chasm crossing is now unfolding in neuromorphic computing. The approach mimics the way neurons are connected and communicate in the human brain, and enthusiasts say neuromorphic chips can run on much less power than traditional CPUs. The problem, though, is proving that neuromorphics can move from research labs to commercial applications. The field’s leading researchers spoke frankly about that challenge at the Neuro Inspired Computational Elements Workshop, held in March at the IBM research facility at Almaden, Calif. “There currently is a lot of hype about neuromorphic computing,” said Steve Furber, the researcher at the University of Manchester, in England, who heads the SpiNNaker project, a major neuromorphics effort.

Other attendees gave their own candid analyses. The spiking neuron is a different beast. Neuromorphic engineering. Integrated circuit technology Neuromorphic engineering, also known as neuromorphic computing,[1][2][3] is a concept developed by Carver Mead,[4] in the late 1980s, describing the use of very-large-scale integration (VLSI) systems containing electronic analog circuits to mimic neuro-biological architectures present in the nervous system.[5] In recent times, the term neuromorphic has been used to describe analog, digital, mixed-mode analog/digital VLSI, and software systems that implement models of neural systems (for perception, motor control, or multisensory integration). The implementation of neuromorphic computing on the hardware level can be realized by oxide-based memristors,[6], spintronic memories,[7] threshold switches, and transistors.[8] Examples[edit] In November 2011, a group of MIT researchers created a computer chip that mimics the analog, ion-based communication in a synapse between two neurons using 400 transistors and standard CMOS manufacturing techniques.[11][12] and.

Memory and Recall: 10 Amazing Facts You Should Know. Human memory and recall works nothing like a computer, but that’s what makes it all the more fascinating to understand and experience. “If we remembered everything we should on most occasions be as ill off as if we remembered nothing.” ~William James It’s often said that a person is the sum of their memories. Your memory and recall is what makes you who you are. Despite this, memory and recall is generally poorly understood, which is why many people say they have ‘bad memories’. That’s partly because the analogies we have to hand—like that of computer memory—are not helpful. Human memory and recall is vastly more complicated and quirky than the memory residing in our laptops, tablets or phones. Here is my 10-point guide to the psychology of memory and recall (it is based on an excellent review chapter by the distinguished UCLA memory expert, Professor Robert A. 1. Everyone has experienced the frustration of not being able to recall a fact from memory. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Inseparable: Ten Years Joined At The Head: BC’s Hogan Twins Share A Brain And See Out Of Each Other’s Eyes. BC's Hogan twins, featured in the documentary Inseparable, are unique in the world. Joined at the head, their brains are connected by a thalamic bridge which gives them neurological capabilities that researchers are only now beginning to understand. Still, they are like other Canadian eleven-year-olds; they attend school, have a favourite pet and are part of a large, loving family determined to live each day to the fullest. Here are a few highlights: Craniopagus twins, joined at the head, are a rarity — one in 2.5 million. The vast majority do not survive 24 hours. A CT scan of the twins showed they could never be separated due to the risk of serious injury or death.

The structure of the twins’ brains makes them unique in the world. SCENE FROM THE FILM: The Hogan twins demonstrate how they can see out of each other's eyes. Krista and Tatiana Hogan share the senses of touch and taste and even control one another’s limbs. The girls are diabetic and have epilepsy. The Future of Brain-Computer Interfaces: Blockchaining Your Way into a Cloudmind. The Future of Brain-Computer Interfaces: Blockchaining Your Way into a Cloudmind Melanie Swan Philosophy and Economic Theory, New School University, New York NY m@melanieswan.com Journal of Evolution and Technology - Vol. 26 Issue 2 – October 2016 - pgs 60-81 Abstract The aim of this paper is to explore the development of brain-computer interfacing and cloudminds as possible future scenarios. 1.

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are any manner of technology that might link the human brain to communications networks such as the Internet. The primary aim of BCIs at present is repairing human cognitive and sensorimotor function. BCIs comprise an active area of research and could start to integrate advances from adjacent fields such as neuroscience, nanomaterials, electronics miniaturization, and machine learning. 2. So far BCIs have been conceived primarily as a solution for medical pathologies. In one sense, ubiquitous BCIs are expected. 2.1 Health and enhancement BCI applications 3. 4. 1. 2. Researchers Wire Brains Together to Make a Super-Brain.

Brain-computer interfaces always sound incredibly futuristic. But this one is even wilder than most. In a pair of studies published Thursday, researchers say they’ve linked up multiple brains, of both monkeys and rats, to form an “organic computer.” By literally putting their heads together, the networked animals performed simple tasks and computations better than an animal flying solo. The experiment could point toward future brain interfaces between people, allowing learning or collaboration to pass directly from brain to brain.

Welcome to Brainet Telepathy, in a way, has been here for a while. Now, Duke researchers have, with the “Brainet.” Then researchers then tested the rats’ computing power. Researchers’ rat network could even predict an increased or decreased chance of rain upon receiving temperature and barometric pressure information. Monkeying Around Researchers then shifted their focus to see if a rhesus monkey Brainet could move a computer-simulated arm to a ball. Elon Musk is setting up a company that will link brains and computers | Ars Technica. Billionaire futurist space explorer Elon Musk has a new project: a "medical research company" called Neuralink that will make brain-computer interfaces. Musk's projects are frequently inspired by science fiction, and this one is a direct reference to a device called a "neural lace," invented by the late British novelist Iain M.

Banks for his Culture series. In those books, characters grow a semi-organic mesh on their cerebral cortexes, which allows them to interface wirelessly with AIs and create backups of their minds. Having a neural lace, in Banks' fiction, makes people essentially immortal—if they die, they're revived from the last backup. Musk isn't seeking immortality just yet, however. Though he has said publicly several times that he would like to upload and download thoughts, possibly to fight against evil AI, he imagines that Neuralink's proof-of-concept products will be implanted electrodes for treating epilepsy and depression. God in the machine: my strange journey into transhumanism | Technology. I first read Ray Kurzweil’s book, The Age of Spiritual Machines, in 2006, a few years after I dropped out of Bible school and stopped believing in God. I was living alone in Chicago’s southern industrial sector and working nights as a cocktail waitress.

I was not well. Beyond the people I worked with, I spoke to almost no one. I clocked out at three each morning, went to after-hours bars, and came home on the first train of the morning, my head pressed against the window so as to avoid the spectre of my reflection appearing and disappearing in the blackened glass. At Bible school, I had studied a branch of theology that divided all of history into successive stages by which God revealed his truth. The Kurzweil book belonged to a bartender at the jazz club where I worked. “The 21st century will be different,” Kurzweil wrote. It’s difficult to account for the totemic power I ascribed to the book. The Enlightenment failed to eradicate projects of this sort.

I Googled Benek. It was late. How your eyes trick your mind. While we know that different areas of the brain deal with colour, form, motion and texture, how the brain encodes and combines this information into a coherent picture remains poorly understood. What’s more, new illusions, and variants on old ones are appearing all the time. Vision researchers hold an annual competition, now in its 10th year, to find the best new illusions. One of the judges is visual neuroscientist Susana Martinez-Conde from the Barrow Neurological Institute in Arizona. The contest has a selfish motivation of sorts, she says: she wants to keep an eye out for interesting new illusions that will help her to study the brain. 2014’s winning entry is a novel take on the 19th Century Ebbinghaus Illusion. “Many of the newer illusions are takes on the classical versions as the technology has now opened the doors to revisit them," she says.

Noam Chomsky on stupid people. In not-too-distant future, brain hackers could steal your deepest secrets | Ars Technica. OAKLAND, Calif. —In the beginning, people hacked phones. In the decades to follow, hackers turned to computers, smartphones, Internet-connected security cameras, and other so-called Internet of things devices. The next frontier may be your brain, which is a lot easier to hack than most people think. At the Enigma security conference here on Tuesday, University of Washington researcher Tamara Bonaci described an experiment that demonstrated how a simple video game could be used to covertly harvest neural responses to periodically displayed subliminal images.

"Electrical signals produced by our body might contain sensitive information about us that we might not be willing to share with the world," Bonaci told Ars immediately following her presentation. Flappy Whale had what Bonaci calls a BCI, short for "brain-connected interface. " There's no evidence that such brain hacking has ever been carried out in the real world. If Someone Secretly Controlled What You Say, Would Anyone Notice?

Getty The subject enters a room in which a 12-year-old boy is seated. A 20-minute conversation ensues. The subject quizzes the boy about current events and other topics to get a sense of his intelligence and personality. But the boy is not what he appears to be. Unbeknownst to the subject, the boy is wearing a radio receiver in his ear, and every word he says is transmitted to him by a 37-year-old university professor sitting in a nearby room. The study, conducted by two social psychologists at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and published earlier this month in The Journal of Social Psychology, raises some fascinating psychological and philosophical questions, and the researchers hope it will open new directions of study. ‘Cyranoids are people who do not speak thoughts originating in their own central nervous system.’ “Beyond the physical, we like to believe that there’s some element in all of us that’s a permanent part of our nature,” said co-author Kevin Corti.

Man Machine Interface

Is consciousness an engineering problem? – Michael Graziano. The brain is a machine: a device that processes information. That’s according to the last 100 years of neuroscience. And yet, somehow, it also has a subjective experience of at least some of that information. Whether we’re talking about the thoughts and memories swirling around on the inside, or awareness of the stuff entering through the senses, somehow the brain experiences its own data. It has consciousness.

How can that be? That question has been called the ‘hard problem’ of consciousness, where ‘hard’ is a euphemism for ‘impossible’. Popular now How often do ethics professors call their mothers? How bad experiences in childhood lead to adult illness Does Earth have a shadow biosphere? Here’s a more pointed way to pose the question: can we build it? I’ve made my own entry into that race, a framework for understanding consciousness called the Attention Schema theory.

In this article I’ll conduct a thought experiment. Daily Weekly Imagine a robot equipped with camera eyes. I would say no. Why Physicists Are Saying Consciousness Is A State Of Matter, Like a Solid, A Liquid Or A Gas — The Physics arXiv Blog. There’s a quiet revolution underway in theoretical physics. For as long as the discipline has existed, physicists have been reluctant to discuss consciousness, considering it a topic for quacks and charlatans. Indeed, the mere mention of the ‘c’ word could ruin careers. That’s finally beginning to change thanks to a fundamentally new way of thinking about consciousness that is spreading like wildfire through the theoretical physics community. And while the problem of consciousness is far from being solved, it is finally being formulated mathematically as a set of problems that researchers can understand, explore and discuss.

Today, Max Tegmark, a theoretical physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, sets out the fundamental problems that this new way of thinking raises. He shows how these problems can be formulated in terms of quantum mechanics and information theory. Tegmark does not have an answer. How The Health Trackers Of The Future Could Turn Us Into Cyborgs [Future Of Health. As many people are adopting fitness and wellness trackers as part of their daily lives, researchers and scientists are hard at work developing smaller and more specialized sensors.

These devices are designed to conform to people’s bodies as to make them nearly imperceptible to the wearer, giving us the ability to gather more sophisticated and accurate health data. Whether it is getting a concise measure of temperature from the skin, a blood sugar reading from the eyes or even clearer picture about a person’s dental health, these small and sophisticated sensors can greatly improve the level of information doctors can collect and monitor without burdening the patient with excessive medical equipment.

PSFK Labs’ latest Future of Health report has outlined a trend we’re calling Embedded Vital Monitors, which looks at how these shrinking devices are impacting healthcare. Contributed by: Andrew Vaterlaus-Staby. Egyptian Symbols and Definitions. Djed It is believed that the Djed is a rendering of a human backbone. It represents stability and strength. It was originally associated with the creation god Ptah. Himself being called the "Noble Djed". As the Osiris cults took hold it became known as the backbone of Osiris .

A djed column is often painted on the bottom of coffins, where the backbone of the deceased would lay, this identified the person with the king of the underworld, Osiris. It also acts as a sign of stability for the deceased' journey into the afterlife. Djew Which means mountain, the symbol suggests two peaks with the Nile valley in the middle. Feather of Maat Represents truth, justice, morality and balance. Fetish of Osiris An animal skin hanging from a stick, this is a symbol of Osiris and Anubis. Flail and Crook A symbol of royalty, majesty and dominion.

Heb The heb glyph represents an alabaster bowl. Heb-Sed The Heb-Sed glyph Is a combination of the heb glyph and the sed glyph. Hedjet The White Crown. Ieb Imenet Ka Khet Ra. The gaming headset that (literally) shocks your brain to attention. Humanity+ | Technology & the Future. First Human Brain-To-Brain Interface Lets Scientist Control Colleague's Body.

Transhumanism. Gods of Ancient Egypt: Atum.