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Facebook Twitter of Philosophy (Western) 3.1 (part 1).jpg. Consciousness Might Emerge from a Data Broadcast. Quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli expressed disdain for sloppy, nonsensical theories by denigrating them as “not even wrong,” meaning they were just empty conjectures that could be quickly dismissed. Unfortunately, many remarkably popular theories of consciousness are of this ilk—the idea, for instance, that our experiences can somehow be explained by the quantum theory that Pauli himself helped to formulate in the early 20th century. An even more far-fetched idea holds that consciousness emerged only a few thousand years ago, when humans realized that the voices in their head came not from the gods but from their own internal spoken narratives. Not every theory of consciousness, however, can be dismissed as just so much intellectual flapdoodle.

During the past several decades, two distinct frameworks for explaining what consciousness is and how the brain produces it have emerged, each compelling in its own way. This neural buffer does more than process recent sensory inputs. Are these mystery radio bursts messages from ALIENS? Scientists are trying to work out what is causing Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs)The strange signals occur for a few milliseconds and come from nowhereThe first was detected in 2007, but only a handful have been seen sinceIn April the latest discovery was made, but still the mystery persistsExplanations range from colliding neutron stars to alien signals By Jonathan O'Callaghan Published: 16:40 GMT, 16 May 2014 | Updated: 17:45 GMT, 16 May 2014 In 1967 British astronomer Jocelyn Bell Burnell was left stunned by mysterious pulsing signals she detected coming from outside the solar system. For months she suggested the signals could be of an extraterrestrial intelligent origin, but they were later proven to be rapidly spinning stars known as pulsars.

However, a new series of mysterious signals, known as Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs), has again got astronomers scratching their heads and wondering if, maybe, we’re picking up alien messages. Flaring star Some stars are known to suddenly flare up on occasion. Ics students devise concept for Star Wars-style deflector shields. If you have often imagined yourself piloting your X-Wing fighter on an attack run on the Death Star, you'll be reassured that University of Leicester students have demonstrated that your shields could take whatever the Imperial fleet can throw at you.

The only drawback is that you won't be able to see a thing outside of your starfighter. In anticipation of Star Wars Day on 4 May, three fourth-year Physics students at the University have proven that shields, such as those seen protecting spaceships in the Star Wars film series, would not only be scientifically feasible, they have also shown that the science behind the principle is already used here on Earth. They have published their findings in the Journal of Special Physics Topics, a peer-reviewed student journal run by the University's Department of Physics and Astronomy.

In the Star Wars movies, the latest of which began filming in April, spaceships are protected by a shield defence system that deflects enemy laser fire. Cosmology: Unearthing a 13th-century metaverse. ONE thing that irks this Babbage is the view that if schools simply focused on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM)—at the expense of frivolous “non-scientific” subjects—then a model 21st-century workforce would magically materialise.

Those entertaining such notions should consider the following a brief morality tale. Robert Grosseteste, an English scholar who lived from about 1175 to 1253, was an intellectual giant. A scientist, philosopher, mathematician, theologian and at one point Bishop of Lincoln, he was one of the first thinkers in northern Europe to read both Aristotle and the various Islamic commentators on the Greek philosopher’s work, all of which were newly translated into Latin. And in his treatise De Luce (“On Light”, written around 1225), Grosseteste was also the first to try to develop unified physical laws to explain the origin and form of the geocentric medieval universe of heavens and Earth. How is all this related to the STEM debate? Duolingo: Home. Emotion and Music. Salimpoor, V., Benovoy, M., Larcher, K., Dagher, A., and Zatorre, R.J. (2011).

Anatomically Distinct Dopamine Release during Anticipation and Experience of Peak Emotion to Music. Nature Neuroscience. Music, an abstract stimulus, can arouse feelings of euphoria and craving, similar to tangible rewards that involve the striatal dopaminergic system. Using the neurochemical specificity of [11C]raclopride positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, combined with psychophysiological measures of autonomic nervous system activity, we provide direct evidence for endogenous dopamine release in the striatum at peak emotional arousal during music listening. Stimuli (* most popular selections) Salimpoor, V., Benovoy, M., Longo, G., Cooperstock, J.R., and Zatorre, R.J. (2009). Listening to music is amongst the most rewarding experiences for humans. A list of over 200 chill-inducing musical titles submitted by participants may be downloaded here in Table 1. Stimuli. Experience Just How Big the Universe is, in One Mind-Blowing Interactive.

You need a more recent version of Adobe Flash Player. Recently, NASA scientists combined data from the Spitzer and Hubble Space Telescopes to discover the most distant galaxy known to date. The galaxy, named Abell2744 Y1, was formed around 13.2 billion years ago when the universe was extremely young. As the universe is expanding, Abell2744 Y1 is currently closer to 40 billion light years away from us, an astounding distance. Image: Galaxy cluster Abell2744 obtained by the Hubble Space Telescope (Credit: NASA) But what does that really mean? Most of us have trouble visualizing the height of buildings, or the distance it takes to get home from work, let alone things on an intergalactic scale. Even cooler are the tidbits of information that are provided when you click on an object. 1.

This is the smallest unit of scale in the universe. As you can see from the animation it takes a bit of zooming to reach this scale. 2. 3. 4. Tres-4 is the second largest planet discovered so far. 5. 6. 7. The Brain Stimulator | Affordable tDCS devices. Why Americans Are the Weirdest People in the World. In the Summer of 1995, a young graduate student in anthropology at UCLA named Joe Henrich traveled to Peru to carry out some fieldwork among the Machiguenga, an indigenous people who live north of Machu Picchu in the Amazon basin. The Machiguenga had traditionally been horticulturalists who lived in single-family, thatch-roofed houses in small hamlets composed of clusters of extended families. For sustenance, they relied on local game and produce from small-scale farming.

They shared with their kin but rarely traded with outside groups. While the setting was fairly typical for an anthropologist, Henrich’s research was not. Rather than practice traditional ethnography, he decided to run a behavioral experiment that had been developed by economists. Henrich used a “game”—along the lines of the famous prisoner’s dilemma—to see whether isolated cultures shared with the West the same basic instinct for fairness. Advertisement — Continue reading below “We were scared,” admitted Henrich. JS Bin - Collaborative JavaScript Debugging. Raspberry Pi Car Computer. Step #1: Display setup for car computer PrevNext I had an Xtron car DVD player for the Ford already fitted (DVD/radio units can be found at for a number of car manufacturers).

However you don’t actually need one of these if you can place a TFT screen elsewhere. I found this 7" TFT panel on eBay for about £23 at the SainSpeed store. It can be placed in a headrest or on the dash somewhere as it comes with a stand. Step #3: Input device For input, I used the brilliant little Xenta Wireless Keyboard with mouse touchpad built-in.

Step #5: Headrest monitors Finally, I placed two headrest monitors for the back seat passengers. COG 166: Gargoyle. The-thought-father-nobel-prizewinning-psychologist-daniel-kahneman-on-luck-9199162. The 80-year-old Israeli-American is recognised as one of the most influential thinkers alive today. His theories of dual-speed processing and heuristics are to cognitive psychology what Darwin’s theory of evolution was to biology. His talent for describing his findings in clear, illuminating language has earned him a popular following most rock bands would envy. And yet the way he tells it, this impish octagenerian sitting opposite me in the Royal Institution library, almost all of his findings were sheer chance. He was fortunate to survive an early boyhood as part of a Jewish family in occupied France, lucky too that his mother was a “talented gossip” who inspired his fascination for how very strange people are (including the SS officers patrolling their town).

He claims he wouldn’t have made any of his advances if it wasn’t for a chance meeting with his late friend and collaborator, Amos Tversky, on a “lucky day” in Jerusalem, 1969. Do keep natural impulse in check. Do be fair.