background preloader

History of Science

Facebook Twitter

Al-Mizan. ‘Al-Mizan’ is the Arabic word for balance - both the familiar measuring instrument and the metaphorical pursuit of justice and harmony in all human endeavours.


Dr Wood’s Fish-eye View. It is not an exaggeration to call Robert W.

Dr Wood’s Fish-eye View

Essay Prize Series Part 2: The Manuscript Circulation of Sir Henry Mainwaring’s ‘A Brief Abstract’ Essay Prize Series Part 1: Printing the Pacific. Shores of Knowledge: New World Discoveries and the Scientific Imagination, by Joyce Appleby (2013) Special Report: 50 Years of Moore's Law. Watsoncrick.pdf. 3527316744_c01.pdf. Muslim scientists discover solar eclipse. World Bulletin / News Desk Nearly 300 years ago İbrahim Müteferrika, the man who was able to bring the printing press to Turkey and the Ottoman world obtained the Ottoman Caliph's permission to print secular and scientific books, and in 1720 he opened Islam's first printing press in Istanbul.

Muslim scientists discover solar eclipse

Muteferrika was a former Hungarian priest who had converted to Islam, describing his background and religious beliefs in a book which he called Risale-yi Islamiyye. He was also very concerned with the technical and administrative backwardness of the Ottoman empire. Hence he wrote a book entitled Usul al-Hikam fi Nizam al-Umam, and published it himself in 1731. In this book he describes the governments and military systems prevailing in Europe, and told the Ottoman elite that independent Muslim states could only survive if they borrowed not only military technology, but also selectively from European styles of administration and scientific knowledge. Chaucer and the Making of Optical Space - Peter Brown - Google Libri. Renaissance Vision from Spectacles to Telescopes - Vincent Ilardi - Google Books. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences - Volume 441 Science and Technology in Medieval Society - April 1985.

Roos on Grant, 'Science and Religion, 400 B.C.-A.D. 1550: From Aristotle to Copernicus' Edward Grant.

Roos on Grant, 'Science and Religion, 400 B.C.-A.D. 1550: From Aristotle to Copernicus'

Science and Religion, 400 B.C. -A.D. 1550: From Aristotle to Copernicus. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2004. 336 pp. $67.95 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-313-32858-9. Reviewed by Anna Marie Roos (Wellcome Unit, Oxford University)Published on H-Ideas (October, 2007) Objective and Subjective Insights: Theology, Natural Philosophy, and the Medieval World View Medievalist Edward Grant has devoted much of his career to analyzing to what extent modern scientific culture had its origins in the work of medieval theologians.

Science and Religion, 400 B.C. Grant begins his largely successful survey with the claim that the "real beginnings of science and religion commenced with Plato and his student Aristotle" (p. 1). Grant then analyzes early Christianity, demonstrating that the early Church fathers studied natural philosophy largely to comprehend the Christian faith, rather than for the sake of knowledge itself. Nonetheless Grant's book is very fine and a pleasure to peruse. Notes [1] . [2]. History of celestial globes: Willem Janszoon Blaeu's globe. Click and drag to rotate.

History of celestial globes: Willem Janszoon Blaeu's globe.

Fullscreen Animation courtesy of the Virtual Globes Museum. Globe kept in the Slovakian National Archives, Bratislava. The Vault is Slate's history blog. Like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter @slatevault, and find us on Tumblr. 19th century — Great American Eclipse of 2017. Wine cup may be earliest Greek portrayal of constellations. A 2,600-year-old two-handled wine cup currently on display at the Lamia Archaeological Museum in Greece has long been thought to depict a random assortment of animals.

Wine cup may be earliest Greek portrayal of constellations

But the piece of ancient pottery, called a skyphos,may actually contain one of the earliest Greek depictions of the constellations, a new analysis shows. The study researchers suggested that other ancient artistic representations of animals may also portray constellations, and hold clues to what the early Greeks knew about astronomy, said study researcher John Barnes, a classical archaeology doctoral candidate at the University of Missouri. [Image Gallery: World's Oldest Astrologer's Board] "If we go back and re-evaluate other animal scenes that might have been originally categorized as hunting scenes or animal friezes, then maybe we can find more [depictions of constellations] and get a greater understanding of how the ancient Greeks viewed the night sky," Barnes told Live Science.

Ancient Greek astronomy. How to end an argument - LA Times. Two hundred and thirty years ago, Charles Marie de la Condamine returned to France with proof about the shape of the Earth after spending 10 years in Latin America.

How to end an argument - LA Times

For thousands of years, human beings had roamed the planet indifferent to its form until the 18th century, when the subject become embroiled in an intense rivalry between England and France. Isaac Newton had hypothesized at the end of the previous century that the Earth was like a tomato, round in the center and flat at both ends. France's great 17th century scientist, René Descartes, had said nothing about the planet's outline, but because it takes a horse to beat a horse, French controversialists turned to him anyway, deducing from Descartes' writing that the shape was a thick tube, long and straight, more like a Japanese eggplant than a tomato.