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Odyssey Online: Africa. The History of Ancient Nubia | The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. Nubia was home to some of Africa’s earliest kingdoms. Known for rich deposits of gold, Nubia was also the gateway through which luxury products like incense, ivory, and ebony traveled from their source in sub-Saharan Africa to the civilizations of Egypt and the Mediterranean. Archers of exceptional skill provided the military strength for Nubian rulers.

Kings of Nubia ultimately conquered and ruled Egypt for about a century. Monuments still stand—in modern Egypt and Sudan—at the sites where Nubian rulers built cities, temples, and royal pyramids. Nubians lived in the central Nile valley African people from what is now the Sahara began to move toward the Nile in Nubia by around 5000 BC. The river was a lifeline Many Nubians lived along the Nile which curved northward through the desert. Archaeology and history reveal Nubia Most information about ancient Nubia comes from archaeological excavation and from the study of monuments and rock art found there. The origin of the name Nubia is obscure. Black Pharaohs. In the year 730 B.C., a man by the name of Piye decided the only way to save Egypt from itself was to invade it. Things would get bloody before the salvation came. “Harness the best steeds of your stable,” he ordered his commanders. The magnificent civilization that had built the great pyramids had lost its way, torn apart by petty warlords.

For two decades Piye had ruled over his own kingdom in Nubia, a swath of Africa located mostly in present-day Sudan. But he considered himself the true ruler of Egypt as well, the rightful heir to the spiritual traditions practiced by pharaohs such as Ramses II and Thutmose III. Since Piye had probably never actually visited Lower Egypt, some did not take his boast seriously.

North on the Nile River his soldiers sailed. Nubia | ancient region, Africa. Nubia, NubiaEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.ancient region in northeastern Africa, extending approximately from the Nile River valley (near the first cataract in Upper Egypt) eastward to the shores of the Red Sea, southward to about Khartoum (in what is now Sudan), and westward to the Libyan Desert. Nubia is traditionally divided into two regions. The southern portion, which extended north to the southern end of the second cataract of the Nile was known as Upper Nubia; this was called Kush (Cush) under the 18th-dynasty pharaohs of ancient Egypt and was called Ethiopia by the ancient Greeks. Lower Nubia was the northern part of the region, located between the second and the first cataract of Aswān; this was called Wawat. Pharoah Snefru (c. 2575 bce) conducted a raid into Nubia and established an Egyptian outpost at Buhen. West of the Nile, quarries for gneiss were opened as mineral exploitation intensified.

Abu Simbel, Egypt: templeA. Early African civilisations: Ancient Egypt, Nubia and Swahili. The Nile Valley and Delta with the ancient Egyptian city names. Source: www.egyptmyway.com Ancient Egypt The ancient Egyptian civilisation grew for thousands of years intact because the Nile River Valley and Mediterranean and Red Sea border kept foreigners and their ideas away.

The Nile River was very important to Egyptian civilisation. The Nile provided a communication and trade route across a huge and harsh land. The Nile River The Nile is the biggest river in Africa. The ancient Greeks saw Egypt as a gift of the Nile. Egypt was split into two regions. Stone The majority of buildings were built using sun-dried bricks made from river clay. Boats The Egyptian nation was stretched along a very long river. Climate Egypt has only spring and summer seasons. Beliefs The triangular shape of the pyramids shows the control of one person over many. Ancient Egyptian religion remained mostly the same over thousands of years. Egyptians had a very long ritual for the after-life. Social structure. Ancient Africa for Kids: Kingdom of Kush (Nubia) History >> Ancient Africa The Kingdom of Kush was an ancient civilization in Africa.

It is often referred to as Nubia and had close ties to Ancient Egypt. Where was the Kingdom of Kush located? The Kingdom of Kush was located in Northeast Africa just south of Ancient Egypt. The main cities of Kush were situated along the Nile River, the White Nile River, and the Blue Nile River. Today, the land of Kush is the country of Sudan. How long did the Kingdom of Kush rule? The Kingdom of Kush lasted for over 1400 years. Two Capitals The Kingdom of Kush had two different capital cities. Similar to Ancient Egypt The Kingdom of Kush was very similar to Ancient Egypt in many aspects including government, culture, and religion. Iron and Gold Two of the most important resources of Ancient Kush were gold and iron.

Culture of Kush Outside of the Pharaoh and the ruling class, the priests were the most important social class in Kush. Interesting Facts about the Kingdom of Kush. Nubia: Ancient Kingdoms of Africa. Statue of King Senkamanisken Granite gneiss, Gebel Barkal, 640–620 bc (Napatan Period, reign of Senkamanisken). Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition: 23.731 Photography © 2011 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston As branches of the Nile River descend from the highlands of East Africa, they join in a single course and pass through the land of Nubia, in what is now northern Sudan and southern Egypt. The river has always provided life in this arid region as a source of water, food, and transport. It flows through areas known as cataracts, traditionally numbered from north to south, where the river valley narrows and rocky outcrops define islands, rapids, and waterfalls. The population of the Nile Valley increased with the first permanent settlements, beginning around 8000 BC.

Located on the main transportation route in north-eastern Africa, Nubia cannot be understood in isolation from its neighbors, particularly Egypt to the north. Wonders of the African World - Episodes - Black Kingdoms of the Nile - Retellings. Greek traditions told of Memnon, a legendary Nubian king who had fought in the Trojan War; they spoke of Nubia's people, who were the "tallest and handsomest on earth," and whose piety was so great that the gods preferred their offerings to those of all other men. They also knew that historical Nubian kings had once conquered Egypt and ruled it for sixty years and that their dynasty was counted as Egypt's Twenty-fifth. The Greeks, however, did not call these people "Nubians" or "Kushites," as we do today; they called them Aithiopes ("Ethiopians"), which in Greek meant "Burnt-Faced Ones. " They knew perfectly well that Nubians were black-skinned, as are the Sudanese of the same regions today.

During the 1840s, the great German egyptologist, Karl Richard Lepsius (1810-1884) led an expedition to record the monuments of Egypt and Sudan for the King of Prussia. This was Reisner at his worst. In the 1990s, the future of Nubian Studies in America looks brighter than ever.