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Micronésie

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La Micronésie - L'appel de l'ailleurs. Guam. Guam ( i/ˈɡwɑːm/ or /ˈɡwɒm/; Chamorro: Guåhån) is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.

Guam

It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government.[3][4] The island's capital city is Hagåtña (formerly rendered Agaña). Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands, and the largest island in Micronesia. Guam is the largest island in Micronesia and was the only U.S. -held island in the region before World War II. Today, Guam's economy is supported by its principal industry, tourism, which is composed primarily of visitors from Japan.

History[edit] The original inhabitants of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands are believed to be descendents of Austronesian people originating from Southeast Asia as early as 2000 BC.[10]:16 These people evolved into the Chamorro people. Spanish colonization and the Manila galleons[edit] Spanish–Chamorro War[edit] Capt. Northern Mariana Islands. This article is about the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a political entity.

Northern Mariana Islands

For the Marianas archipelago, see Mariana Islands. The administrative center is Capitol Hill, a village in northwestern Saipan. Because the island is governed as a single municipality, most publications consider Saipan the capital. History[edit] Arrival of humans[edit] The first people of the Mariana Islands immigrated at some point between 4000 BC to 2000 BC from Southeast Asia. The ancient people of the Marianas raised colonnades of megalithic capped pillars called latte stones upon which they built their homes. Archeologists in 2013 posited that the first people to settle in the Marianas may have made what was at that point the longest uninterrupted ocean-crossing voyage in human history, and that archeological evidence indicates Tinian may have been the first Pacific island outside of Asia to have been settled.[7] Spanish possession[edit] Wake Island.

Federated States of Micronesia. This article is about the sovereign state in Oceania.

Federated States of Micronesia

For the region named Micronesia, see Micronesia. The Federated States of Micronesia ( i/ˌmaɪkroʊˈniːʒə/; abbreviated FSM) is an independent sovereign island nation and a United States associated state consisting of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Palau. Nauru. This article is about the island country.

Nauru

For the Tanzanian village, see Nauru, Tanzania. Coordinates: 0°32′S 166°56′E / 0.533°S 166.933°E / -0.533; 166.933 (Nauru) Marshall Islands. The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ),[note 1] is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.

Marshall Islands

Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of 68,480 people is spread out over 29 coral atolls,[3] comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets. Kiribati. Kiribati (/ˌkɪrɪˈbæs/; KEER-ə-bahss or /ˌkɪrɪˈbɑːti/; KEER-ə-BAH-tee),[7] officially the Republic of Kiribati,[8][9][10][11][12] is an island nation in the central Pacific Ocean.

Kiribati

The nation comprises 33 atolls and reef islands and one raised coral island, Banaba. They have a total land area of 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi)[13] and are dispersed over 3.5 million square kilometres (1,351,000 square miles). Micronésie (région) Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Micronésie (région)

La Micronésie ( « les petites îles » ) est, avec la Mélanésie et la Polynésie, l'une des trois grandes régions que l'on distingue couramment en Océanie. La Micronésie comprend les États et régions administratives suivants : En 1831, Jules Dumont d'Urville propose à la Société de géographie de Paris de distinguer plusieurs régions dans l'Océanie : la Polynésie, « les nombreuses îles » ;la Mélanésie, « les îles noires » ;la Micronésie, « les petites îles » ;et la Malaisie (plus tard retirée). Cette distinction qui peut être qualifiée d'historique est désormais contestée[1] par les géographes et les océanistes.

Les régimes politiques des Kiribati, de Nauru, des Palaos, des îles Marshall et de la Micronésie sont tous républicains. Les langues parlées en Micronésie (avant les colonisations européennes), appartiennent toutes à la branche malayo-polynésienne des langues austronésiennes. Peuplement de l'Océanie. Micronesia. Map of Micronesia (shown in dark magenta) Micronesia (from Greek: μικρός, mikrós, "small" + Greek: νῆσος, nisos, "island") is a subregion of Oceania, comprising thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

Micronesia

It has a shared cultural history with two other island regions, Polynesia to the east and Melanesia to the south. The region has a tropical marine climate, and is part of the Oceania ecozone. There are four main archipelagos along with numerous outlying islands. Micronesia is divided politically among several sovereign countries. Micronesia began to be settled several millennia ago, although there are competing theories about the origin and arrival of the first settlers. Geography[edit]