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Birmanie. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.


Cette page contient des caractères spéciaux ou non latins. Si certains caractères de cet article s’affichent mal (carrés vides, points d’interrogation…), consultez la page d’aide Unicode. Birmanie (my) Le pays a connu depuis 1962 une série de dictatures militaires[5]. Peninsular Malaysia. Coordinates: A map of Peninsular Malaysia.

Peninsular Malaysia

Vietnam. Vietnam ( i/ˌviːətˈnaːm/;[7] Vietnamese: Việt Nam [viət˨ næm˧]), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV; Vietnamese: Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam ( listen)), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.


With an estimated 90.5 million inhabitants as of 2014, it is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country. The name Vietnam translates as "Southern Viet" (synonymous with the much older term Nam Viet); it was first officially adopted in 1802 by Emperor Gia Long, and was adopted again in 1945 with the founding of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh. Thailand. Thailand (/ˈtaɪlænd/ TY-land or /ˈtaɪlənd/ TY-lənd;[12] Thai: ประเทศไทย, rtgs: Prathet Thai), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย, rtgs: Ratcha-anachak Thai; IPA: [râːt.tɕʰá.ʔāː.nāː.tɕàk tʰāj]), formerly known as Siam (Thai: สยาม; rtgs: Sayam), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia.


It is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1996, becoming a newly industrialised country and a major exporter.

Etymology. Myanmar. Myanmar (myan-MAR[5] i/miɑːnˈmɑr/ mee-ahn-MAR,[6] /miˈɛnmɑr/ mee-EN-mar or /maɪˈænmɑr/ my-AN-mar (also with the stress on first syllable); Burmese pronunciation: [mjəmà]),[nb 1][7][8][9][10] officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma ( i/ˈbɜrmə/ BUR-mə), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.


One-third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 1,930 km (1,200 miles) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census revealed a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded.[11] Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,227 sq mi) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon). For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and Burma's myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars. Laos. Laos (( i/ˈlaʊs/, /ˈlɑː.ɒs/, /ˈlɑː.oʊs/, or /ˈleɪ.ɒs/)[7][8][9] Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, pronounced [sǎːtʰáːlanalat pásáːtʰipátàj pásáːsón láːw] Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (LPDR) (French: République démocratique populaire lao), is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west.


Since 1975, it has been ruled by a Marxist and communist government. Its population was estimated to be around 6.8 million in July 2014.[2] Laos traces its history to the kingdom of Lan Xang, which existed from the 14th to the 18th century when it split into three kingdoms. In 1893, it became a French protectorate, with the three kingdoms — Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak — uniting to form what is now known as Laos. Laos is a single-party socialist republic. Cambodia. Mainland Southeast Asia. "Indochina" redirects here.

Mainland Southeast Asia

For the French colonial regime, see French Indochina. Mainland Southeast Asia, also known as Indochina or the Indochinese Peninsula, refers to the continental portion of Southeast Asia[1] lying east of India and roughly south or southwest of China. The historical name "Indochina" has its origins in the French Indochine, a combination of the names of "India" and "China", referring to the location of the territory between those two countries.

The countries of mainland Southeast Asia received cultural influence from both India and China to varying degrees.[1] Some cultures, such as those of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Malaysia are influenced mainly by India with a smaller influence from China. Others, such as Vietnam, are more heavily influenced by Chinese culture with only minor cultural influences from India, largely via the Champa civilization that Vietnam conquered during its southward expansion.

Indochine. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.


L'Indochine, péninsule indochinoise ou encore Asie du Sud-Est continentale est une péninsule du continent asiatique située au sud de la Chine et à l'est de l'Inde. Elle est entourée à l'ouest par le golfe du Bengale, la mer d'Andaman et le détroit de Malacca et à l'est par la mer de Chine méridionale. Traditionnellement, les bouches du Gange formaient sa limite occidentale. Elle comprend les pays et territoires suivants : En France, l'expression « Indochine » est souvent utilisée pour désigner l'ancienne colonie d'Indochine française.

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