background preloader


Facebook Twitter

Rain City Superhero Movement. In July 2011, local police recorded ten citizens patrolling the city of Seattle in superhero costumes, using the names Thorn, Buster Doe, Green Reaper, The Mantis, Prodigy, Gemini, No Name, Catastrophe, Thunder 88, Penelope, and Phoenix Jones.

Rain City Superhero Movement

Fire piston. Modern reproduction Cocobolo fire piston.

Fire piston

Utility fog. Visualization of foglet with arms retracted and extended Diagram of a 100-micrometer foglet Utility fog (coined by Dr.

Utility fog

John Storrs Hall in 1993[1]) is a hypothetical collection of tiny robots that can replicate a physical structure.[2][3][4][5] As such, it is a form of self-reconfiguring modular robotics. Conception[edit] Hall thought of it as a nanotechnological replacement for car seatbelts. In the original application as a replacement for seatbelts, the swarm of robots would be widely spread-out, and the arms loose, allowing air flow between them. Hall and his correspondents soon realised that utility fog could be manufactured en masse to occupy the entire atmosphere of a planet and replace any physical instrumentality necessary to human life.

Full-spectrum dominance. Full-spectrum dominance also known as full-spectrum superiority, is a military entity's achievement of control over all dimensions of the battlespace, effectively possessing an overwhelming diversity of resources in such areas as terrestrial, aerial, maritime, subterranean, extraterrestrial, psychological, and bio- or cyber-technological warfare.

Full-spectrum dominance

Full spectrum dominance includes the physical battlespace; air, surface and sub-surface as well as the electromagnetic spectrum and information space. Control implies that freedom of opposition force assets to exploit the battlespace is wholly constrained. US military doctrine[edit] The United States Department of Defense defines "full-spectrum superiority" as: Danmarks Statistik. Danmarks Statistik er det centrale statistikkontor i Danmark.

Danmarks Statistik

Self-replicating spacecraft. The idea of self-replicating spacecraft has been applied — in theory — to several distinct "tasks".

Self-replicating spacecraft

The particular variant of this idea applied to the idea of space exploration is known as a von Neumann probe. Other variants include the Berserker and an automated terraforming seeder ship. Theory[edit] Social liberalism. Social liberalism is a political ideology that seeks to find a balance between individual liberty and social justice.

Social liberalism

Like classical liberalism, social liberalism endorses a market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights and liberties, but differs in that it believes the legitimate role of the government includes addressing economic and social issues such as poverty, health care, and education.[1][2][3] Under social liberalism, the good of the community is viewed as harmonious with the freedom of the individual.[4] Social liberal policies have been widely adopted in much of the capitalist world, particularly following World War II.[5] Social liberal ideas and parties tend to be considered centrist or centre-left.[6][7][8][9][10] The term social liberalism is used to differentiate it from classical liberalism, which dominated political and economic thought for several centuries until social liberalism branched off from it around the Great Depression.[11][12]

Liberal socialism. Liberal socialism is a socialist political philosophy that includes liberal principles within it.[1] Liberal socialism does not have the goal of completely abolishing capitalism and replacing it with socialism;[2] instead, it supports a mixed economy that includes both public and private property in capital goods.[3][4] Although liberal socialism unequivocally favors a mixed market economy, it identifies legalistic and artificial monopolies to be the fault of capitalism[5] and opposes an entirely unregulated economy.[6] It considers both liberty and equality to be compatible and mutually dependent on each other.[1] Principles that can be described as "liberal socialist" have been based upon or developed by the following philosophers: John Stuart Mill, Eduard Bernstein, John Dewey, Carlo Rosselli, Norberto Bobbio, and Chantal Mouffe.[7] Other important liberal socialist figures include Guido Calogero, Piero Gobetti, Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse, John Maynard Keynes, and R.

Liberal socialism

H. World communism. During the Stalinist era, the idea of Socialism in One Country, which many international communists considered unworkable, became part of the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, as Joseph Stalin and his supporters concluded that it was naive to think that world revolution was imminent.

World communism

This caused great disillusionment among many communists worldwide, who agreed with Marx and Lenin that international scope was vital to communist success. Economics of fascism. The economics of fascism refers to the economic policies implemented by fascist governments.

Economics of fascism

Historians and other scholars disagree on the question of whether a specifically fascist type of economic policies can be said to exist. Baker argues that there is an identifiable economic system in fascism that is distinct from those advocated by other ideologies, comprising essential characteristics that fascist nations shared.[1] Payne, Paxton, Sternhell, et al. argue that while fascist economies share some similarities, there is no distinctive form of fascist economic organization.[2] Feldman and Mason argue that fascism is distinguished by an absence of coherent economic ideology and an absence of serious economic thinking.

They state that the decisions taken by fascist leaders can not be explained within a logical economic framework.[3] Ecofascism. Ecofascism is the combination of fascist politics with support for ecological concerns.[1][2][3] Definition[edit] Environmental historian Michael E. Radio frequency. Radio frequency (RF) is any of the electromagnetic wave frequencies that lie in the range extending from around 7003300000000000000♠3 kHz to 7011300000000000000♠300 GHz, which include those frequencies used for communications or radar signals.[1] RF usually refers to electrical rather than mechanical oscillations. However, mechanical RF systems do exist (see mechanical filter and RF MEMS). Although radio frequency is a rate of oscillation, the term "radio frequency" or its abbreviation "RF" are used as a synonym for radio – i.e., to describe the use of wireless communication, as opposed to communication via electric wires. Examples include:

Semmelweis reflex. The Semmelweis reflex or "Semmelweis effect" is a metaphor for the reflex-like tendency to reject new evidence or new knowledge because it contradicts established norms, beliefs or paradigms. The term originated from the story of Ignaz Semmelweis, who discovered that childbed fever mortality rates reduced ten-fold when doctors washed their hands with a chlorine solution between patients and, most in particular, after an autopsy (the institution where Semmelweis worked, a university hospital, performed autopsies on every deceased patient). Semmelweis's decision stopped the ongoing contamination of patients—mostly pregnant women—with "cadaverous particles".[1] His hand-washing suggestions were rejected by his contemporaries, often for non-medical reasons.

For instance, some doctors refused to believe that a gentleman's hands could transmit disease (see Contemporary reaction to Ignaz Semmelweis). Santa Claus machine. A Santa Claus machine, named after the folkloric Santa Claus, is a hypothetical machine that is capable of creating any required object or structure out of any given material. It is most often referenced by futurists and science fiction writers when discussing hypothetical projects of enormous scale, such as a Dyson sphere. These types of future constructions would be too large for many civilizations to build directly, so they would need a series of machines to intelligently build the machine with little or no direct control. Crystal radio. This article is about unpowered radio receivers. For crystal-controlled oscillators (as used in radios), see Crystal oscillator. "Crystal set" redirects here.

For the Australian rock band, see The Crystal Set. Boy listening to a modern crystal radio The rectifying property of crystals was discovered in 1874 by Karl Ferdinand Braun,[5][6][7] and crystal detectors were developed and applied to radio receivers in 1904 by Jagadish Chandra Bose,[8][9] G. Crystal radios were the first widely used type of radio receiver,[11] and the main type used during the wireless telegraphy era.[12] Sold and homemade by the millions, the inexpensive and reliable crystal radio was a major driving force in the introduction of radio to the public, contributing to the development of radio as an entertainment medium around 1920.[13] History[edit] A family listening to a crystal radio in the 1920s. Information broker. This article is about data brokers. For "Information Broker" {disambiguation}, also known as "Independent Information Professional", "Information Consultant", "Information Specialist", "Internet Researcher" or "Internet Librarian", are degreed librarians.

They perform information research on any number of topics. See Information professional. An information broker (data broker) collects information, often about individual people. The data is then sold to companies that use it to target advertising and marketing towards specific groups, to verify a person's identity including for purposes of fraud detection, and to sell to individuals and organizations so they can research particular individuals. Foreign Intelligence Service (Russia) Coordinates: The Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation (Russian: Слу́жба вне́шней разве́дки, tr.

Apophenia. Apophenia /æpɵˈfiːniə/ is the experience of perceiving patterns or connections in random or meaningless data. Metamaterial. Bubble fusion. Left to right: apparition of bubble; slow expansion; quick and sudden contraction; purported fusion event. Bubble fusion, also known as sonofusion, is the non-technical name for a nuclear fusion reaction hypothesized to occur inside extraordinarily large collapsing gas bubbles created in a liquid during acoustic cavitation.[1] Rusi Taleyarkhan and collaborators claimed to have observed evidence of sonofusion in 2002. The claim was quickly surrounded by controversy, including allegations ranging from experimental error to academic fraud.

Interstellar medium. In astronomy, the interstellar medium (ISM) is the matter that exists in the space between the star systems in a galaxy. Post-capitalism. Sonoluminescens. Sonoluminescens er udsendelsen af korte lyspulser under imploderende gasbobler i en væske, når væsken exciteres med ultralyd. Historie[redigér | redigér wikikode] Sonoluminescens-effekten blev opdaget ved Køln-Universitetet i 1934 som et resultat af arbejde med sonar.

H. Frenzel og H. Schultes lagde ultralydstransducer i en balje med fotografisk fremkaldervæske. Steganography. Steganography (US. Black hole starship. A black hole starship is a theoretical idea for enabling interstellar travel by propelling a starship by creating an artificial black hole and using a parabolic reflector to reflect its Hawking radiation. Syndicate. Vitality. Media server.