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Rain City Superhero Movement. In July 2011, local police recorded ten citizens patrolling the city of Seattle in superhero costumes, using the names Thorn, Buster Doe, Green Reaper, The Mantis, Prodigy, Gemini, No Name, Catastrophe, Thunder 88, Penelope, and Phoenix Jones. An individual using the pseudonym "Red Dragon" was also a member of the group.[3] Midnightjack, Karma, SkyMan, and El Caballero are further members of the movement.[4] Finally, "Purple Reign" was a member, working mainly on intelligence and advocacy against domestic violence.[5][6] On May Day, 2012, El Caballero, Midnightjack and Phoenix Jones confronted vandals damaging an old federal courthouse, including perhaps with a smoke bomb (the video reveals a fire at the side of the building).[7][8] On May 29th, 2014, Phoenix Jones officially declared that the Rain City Superhero Movement was over. [9]

Fire piston. Modern reproduction Cocobolo fire piston A fire piston, sometimes called a fire syringe or a slam rod fire starter, is a device of ancient origin which is used to kindle fire. It uses the principle of the heating of a gas (in this case air) by rapid and adiabatic compression to ignite a piece of tinder, which is then used to set light to kindling.[1] Description and use[edit] A demonstration fire piston. The compression of the air when the piston is quickly rammed into the cylinder causes the interior temperature to rise sharply to 260 °C (500 °F)[citation needed]. Ancient and modern versions of fire pistons have been made from wood, animal horns, antlers, bamboo, or lead.

History[edit] Fire pistons have been used in South East Asia and the Pacific Islands as a means of kindling fire for years. An 1876 New York Times article[4] reported the discovery of the earliest date of its use in the west. As a scientific curiosity[edit] How it works[edit] References[edit] Bibliography[edit] Utility fog. Concept of a swarm of tiny robots Visualization of foglet with arms retracted and extended Diagram of a 100-micrometer foglet Utility fog (also referred to as foglets) is a hypothetical collection of tiny nanobots that can replicate a physical structure.[1][2][3][4] As such, it is a form of self-reconfiguring modular robotics. Conception[edit] The term was coined by John Storrs Hall in 1989[5] Hall thought of it as a nanotechnological replacement for car seatbelts.

The robots would be microscopic, with extending arms reaching in several different directions, and could perform three-dimensional lattice reconfiguration. Grabbers at the ends of the arms would allow the robots (or foglets) to mechanically link to one another and share both information and energy, enabling them to act as a continuous substance with mechanical and optical properties that could be varied over a wide range. See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Utility Fog at Nanotech Now, many links. Full-spectrum dominance. Full-spectrum dominance also known as full-spectrum superiority, is a military entity's achievement of control over all dimensions of the battlespace, effectively possessing an overwhelming diversity of resources in such areas as terrestrial, aerial, maritime, subterranean, extraterrestrial, psychological, and bio- or cyber-technological warfare.

Full spectrum dominance includes the physical battlespace; air, surface and sub-surface as well as the electromagnetic spectrum and information space. Control implies that freedom of opposition force assets to exploit the battlespace is wholly constrained. US military doctrine[edit] The United States Department of Defense defines "full-spectrum superiority" as: The cumulative effect of dominance in the air, land, maritime, and space domains and information environment, which includes cyberspace, that permits the conduct of joint operations without effective opposition or prohibitive interference.[1] Criticism[edit] [edit] See also[edit] Danmarks Statistik. Danmarks Statistik er det centrale statistikkontor i Danmark. Det opsamler alle samfundets statistiske oplysninger til brug i administrationen, samt i forskning, undervisning m.v.

Danmarks Statistik er internationalt kendt for sin meget omfattende brug af offentlige registre for på denne måde at minimere respondenternes arbejde med at udfylde spørgeskemaer. Institutionen er i forhold til befolkningen forholdsvis lille (560 ansatte). En del af indtægterne stammer fra opgaver for brugere (2011: 28 %). Brugere udtrækker 2 millioner tabeller årlig. Historie[redigér | redigér wikikode] 1769 Den første folketælling i Danmark (inkl. Læs mere om Danmarks Statistiks historie på www.dst.dk/historie [redigér | redigér wikikode] 1833-1848: Tabelkommissionen, der hørte under Rentekammeret.1850-1895: Statistisk Bureau.1895-1913: Statens Statistiske Bureau.1913-1966: Statistisk Departement (i perioder var der flere statistiske departementer).1966-nu: Danmarks Statistik.

Koordinater: Self-replicating spacecraft. The idea of self-replicating spacecraft has been applied — in theory — to several distinct "tasks". The particular variant of this idea applied to the idea of space exploration is known as a von Neumann probe. Other variants include the Berserker and an automated terraforming seeder ship. Theory[edit] In theory, a self-replicating spacecraft could be sent to a neighbouring star-system, where it would seek out raw materials (extracted from asteroids, moons, gas giants, etc.) to create replicas of itself.

These replicas would then be sent out to other star systems. The original "parent" probe could then pursue its primary purpose within the star system. Given this pattern, and its similarity to the reproduction patterns of bacteria, it has been pointed out that von Neumann machines might be considered a form of life. Implications for Fermi's paradox[edit] A response[4] came from Carl Sagan and William Newman. Simple workarounds exist to avoid the over-replication scenario. Berserkers[edit] Social liberalism. Social liberalism is a political ideology that seeks to find a balance between individual liberty and social justice. Like classical liberalism, social liberalism endorses a market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights and liberties, but differs in that it believes the legitimate role of the government includes addressing economic and social issues such as poverty, health care, and education.[1][2][3] Under social liberalism, the good of the community is viewed as harmonious with the freedom of the individual.[4] Social liberal policies have been widely adopted in much of the capitalist world, particularly following World War II.[5] Social liberal ideas and parties tend to be considered centrist or centre-left.[6][7][8][9][10] The term social liberalism is used to differentiate it from classical liberalism, which dominated political and economic thought for several centuries until social liberalism branched off from it around the Great Depression.[11][12] Origins[edit]

Liberal socialism. Political philosophy incorporating liberal principles to socialism Liberal socialism is a political philosophy that incorporates liberal principles to socialism. Liberal socialism has been compared to post-war social democracy as it supports a mixed economy that includes both private property and social ownership in capital goods. While social democracy is anti-capitalist insofar as criticism of capitalism is linked to the private ownership of the means of production, liberal socialism identifies artificial and legalistic monopolies to be the fault of capitalism and opposes an entirely unregulated market economy.

It considers both liberty and equality to be compatible and mutually dependent on each other. Liberal socialism is a type of socialism that has been most prominent in the post-war period. For Ian Adams, post-war social democracy and socialist New Labour are examples of liberal socialism, in contrast to classical socialism. History[edit] Argentina[edit] Belgium[edit] Britain[edit] World communism. During the Stalinist era, the idea of Socialism in One Country, which many international communists considered unworkable, became part of the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, as Joseph Stalin and his supporters concluded that it was naive to think that world revolution was imminent. This caused great disillusionment among many communists worldwide, who agreed with Marx and Lenin that international scope was vital to communist success. Other currents of national communism, especially after World War II, tempered the prewar popularity of international communism.

The end of the Cold War, which brought the revolutions of 1989 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, is often called the fall of communism, and a broad consensus since then is that any advent of international communism is not likely. Nevertheless, some international communists remain among some factions of Maoists, left communists, some present-day Russian communists, and others. Early era (1830s–1930s)[edit] Economics of fascism. The economics of fascism refers to the economic policies implemented by fascist governments. Historians and other scholars disagree on the question of whether a specifically fascist type of economic policies can be said to exist. Baker argues that there is an identifiable economic system in fascism that is distinct from those advocated by other ideologies, comprising essential characteristics that fascist nations shared.[1] Payne, Paxton, Sternhell, et al. argue that while fascist economies share some similarities, there is no distinctive form of fascist economic organization.[2] Feldman and Mason argue that fascism is distinguished by an absence of coherent economic ideology and an absence of serious economic thinking.

They state that the decisions taken by fascist leaders can not be explained within a logical economic framework.[3] General characteristics of fascist economies[edit] Fascism operated from a Social Darwinist view of human relations. Political economy of Fascist Italy[edit] Ecofascism. Ecofascism is a theoretical political model in which a totalitarian government would require individuals to sacrifice their own interests to the "organic whole of nature" and which would rely on militarism, expansionism, and possibly racism to defend the land.[1] Throughout human history there has never been an ecofascist government.[1] Definition[edit] Environmental historian Michael E. Zimmerman defines "ecofascism" as "a totalitarian government that requires individuals to sacrifice their interests to the well-being and glory of the 'land', understood as the splendid web of life, or the organic whole of nature, including peoples and their states".[1] Zimmerman argues that while no ecofascist government has so far existed, "important aspects of it can be found in German National Socialism, one of whose central slogans was "Blood and Soil".[1] Accusations of ecofascism[edit] By topic or ideology[edit] Bookchin's critique of deep ecology[edit] Sakai on "natural purity"[edit] See also[edit]

Radio frequency. Radio frequency (RF) is any of the electromagnetic wave frequencies that lie in the range extending from around 7003300000000000000♠3 kHz to 7011300000000000000♠300 GHz, which include those frequencies used for communications or radar signals.[1] RF usually refers to electrical rather than mechanical oscillations. However, mechanical RF systems do exist (see mechanical filter and RF MEMS). Although radio frequency is a rate of oscillation, the term "radio frequency" or its abbreviation "RF" are used as a synonym for radio – i.e., to describe the use of wireless communication, as opposed to communication via electric wires.

Examples include: Special properties of RF current[edit] Electric currents that oscillate at radio frequencies have special properties not shared by direct current or alternating current of lower frequencies. Radio communication[edit] Frequency bands[edit] Main article: Radio spectrum In medicine[edit] Effects on the human body[edit] Extremely low frequency RF[edit]

Semmelweis reflex. The Semmelweis reflex or "Semmelweis effect" is a metaphor for the reflex-like tendency to reject new evidence or new knowledge because it contradicts established norms, beliefs, or paradigms.[1] The term derives from the name of a Hungarian physician, Ignaz Semmelweis, who discovered in 1847 that childbed fever mortality rates fell ten-fold when doctors disinfected their hands with a chlorine solution before moving from one patient to another, or, most particularly, after an autopsy (at one of the two maternity wards at the university hospital where Semmelweis worked, physicians performed autopsies on every deceased patient). Semmelweis's procedure saved many lives by stopping the ongoing contamination of patients (mostly pregnant women) with "cadaverous particles".[2] Despite the overwhelming empirical evidence, his fellow doctors rejected his hand-washing suggestions, often for non-medical reasons.

See also[edit] References[edit] Santa Claus machine. A Santa Claus machine, named after the folkloric Santa Claus, is a hypothetical machine that is capable of creating any required object or structure out of any given material. It is most often referenced by futurists and science fiction writers when discussing hypothetical projects of enormous scale, such as a Dyson sphere. These types of future constructions would be too large for many civilizations to build directly, so they would need a series of machines to intelligently build the machine with little or no direct control. Origin[edit] It’s possible to imagine a machine that could scoop up material – rocks from the Moon or rocks from asteroids – process them inside and produce just about any product: washing machines or teacups or automobiles or starships.

Discussion[edit] A mature Santa Claus machine requires significant advances in technology to be possible, including the ability to take any collection of matter and reconfigure it into any other type of matter. Many theorists[who?] Crystal radio. This article is about unpowered radio receivers. For crystal-controlled oscillators (as used in radios), see Crystal oscillator. "Crystal set" redirects here. For the Australian rock band, see The Crystal Set. Boy listening to a modern crystal radio The rectifying property of crystals was discovered in 1874 by Karl Ferdinand Braun,[5][6][7] and crystal detectors were developed and applied to radio receivers in 1904 by Jagadish Chandra Bose,[8][9] G. W. Pickard[10] and others. Crystal radios were the first widely used type of radio receiver,[11] and the main type used during the wireless telegraphy era.[12] Sold and homemade by the millions, the inexpensive and reliable crystal radio was a major driving force in the introduction of radio to the public, contributing to the development of radio as an entertainment medium around 1920.[13] History[edit] A family listening to a crystal radio in the 1920s Radio receiver, Basel, Switzerland, 1914 NBS Circular 120 Home Crystal Radio Project Design[edit]

Information broker. Foreign Intelligence Service (Russia) Apophenia. Metamaterial. Bubble fusion. Interstellar medium. Post-capitalism. Sonoluminescens. Steganography. Black hole starship. Syndicate. Vitality. Media server.