background preloader

Mediterrannean migratory pressure

Facebook Twitter

UN notes ′dramatic increase′ in migrants arriving in Mediterranean. Since the beginning of 2015, some 54,000 migrants have safely reached the shores of Italy.

UN notes ′dramatic increase′ in migrants arriving in Mediterranean

Another 48,000 have arrived in Greece. By comparison, 34,000 migrants arrived in Greece throughout the entirety of 2014. A further 920 migrants also landed in Spain and 91 in Malta, the UNHCR said. Included in the latest figures are almost 6,000 people, most of them sub-Saharan Africans, who were rescued by EU coastguards off Libya last weekend. An extraordinary escape: survivors of migrant boat disaster tell their stories. When more than 800 people drowned last month in the Mediterranean’s worst modern shipwreck, Ibrahim Mbalo almost joined the dead at the bottom of the sea.

An extraordinary escape: survivors of migrant boat disaster tell their stories

As the boat began to sink below the surface, Mbalo, a 20-year-old Gambian labourer, was trapped underwater below decks, unable to escape. When the water gushed in, another drowning man had pulled him by his trousers towards the bottom of the flooded cabin, which was now essentially a massive water tank filled with flailing men. Mbalo was stuck. “Will I die?” He thought as he was dragged downwards. Through extraordinary perseverance and luck, Mbalo achieved the latter – one of just 28 young men to make it out alive. The Guardian view on Mediterranean migrants: a rescue plan with many flaws. European citizens could be forgiven for thinking that the Mediterranean migrant crisis is being thoroughly addressed by their political leaders.

The Guardian view on Mediterranean migrants: a rescue plan with many flaws

There has been a flurry of summitry and activism since a series of catastrophes off the Italian coast caused the deaths of more than 1,000 migrants over a few days in April. The latest high-level gathering came on Monday when EU defence and foreign ministers decided on an eye-catching military operation aimed at disrupting trafficking networks. Italian coastguards: military action will not solve Mediterranean migrant crisis. The Italian coastguards leading migrant rescue missions in the southern Mediterranean have voiced concern about the EU’s migration strategy, arguing that military operations will not stop migration to Europe and calling instead for European navies to prioritise search-and-rescue missions.

Italian coastguards: military action will not solve Mediterranean migrant crisis

Speaking on Monday before EU defence and foreign ministers agreed to launch military operations against Libyan smugglers, coastguard captain Paolo Cafaro said a military campaign would not eradicate the root causes of the Mediterranean crisis. His colleagues Admiral Giovanni Pettorino and Capt Leopoldo Manna called for an increased focus on saving migrants’ lives, with Manna urging European navies, including that of Britain, to give him more control over their boats in order to streamline Mediterranean search-and-rescue activities. All three are senior officers within Italy’s Guardia Costiera, a semi-autonomous wing of the Italian navy. Mediterranean migrants are not slaves – do not pervert history to justify military action. EU leaders this week announced that their response to the staggering loss of life among migrants crossing the Mediterranean in unseaworthy vessels would be military action.

Mediterranean migrants are not slaves – do not pervert history to justify military action

They aim to employ deadly force to smash the so-called “networks” that operate out of Libya to orchestrate the perilous sea crossings. There will be “collateral damage”, they acknowledge: adults and children boarding or on the vessels under attack will be killed. But this does not deter them. Why not? Is this the Solution to Europe's Migrant Problem? May 11, 2015 Migrants rest after disembarking from a tug boat in the Sicilian harbor of Pozzallo, southern Italy, May 4.

Is this the Solution to Europe's Migrant Problem?

Nearly 5,800 migrants were plucked from boats off the coast of Libya and ten bodies were recovered in less than 48 hours, Italy's coast guard said, in one of the biggest rescue operations this year. (Reuters/Antonio Parrinello) Libya's people smugglers: military action won't stop this multifaceted trade. In the small Libyan port of Zuwara, one of the main points of departure for migrants seeking to reach Italy, dozens if not hundreds of fishing boats line the quay.

Libya's people smugglers: military action won't stop this multifaceted trade

It’s an innocuous sight: blue wooden skiffs knocking against each other in the breeze. But if Europe wants to use military force to smash Libya’s smuggling trade, these are the boats they will have to destroy. On Monday, the EU seeks to persuade the UN security council to back military operations against smuggling fleets in Zuwara and other coastal towns up and down Libya’s western seaboard. Somaliland: Risking torture for a better life abroad. Hargeisa, Somaliland - Outside his two bedroom house made of tin in the heart of Hargeisa, capital of the breakaway Somaliland region, Kosar Dhool cuts an exhausted figure burdened with events far heavier than his slim frame can bear.

Somaliland: Risking torture for a better life abroad

The father of five has been receiving phone calls from his son, Hamza, who has been captured and held for ransom by human smugglers in an unknown location in Libya. "He called to say they are going to take out his kidneys and sell them for money if I don't pay the $2,100 ransom," Dhool told Al Jazeera, sitting on a plastic chair under a tree that barely provided shade from the boiling midday sun.

Hamza, 18, is a bright high school student with much promise ahead of him. Africa′s media silent over Mediterranean refugee crisis. Tens of thousands of refugees risk their lives trying to get to Europe.

Africa′s media silent over Mediterranean refugee crisis

Surprisingly this sort of news rarely makes front page in Africa. 'The migrant boat tragedy is not just Europe's problem,' a title by the 'Daily Maverick', a South African daily, silently screams. Escaping Eritrea: 'If I die at sea, it's not a problem – at least I won't be tortured' Like many of her fellow Eritrean refugees, Sofia, who managed to escape northwards to Cairo, has a very simple reason for fleeing her homeland.

Escaping Eritrea: 'If I die at sea, it's not a problem – at least I won't be tortured'

“In Eritrea you’re even afraid to talk to your family,” she says. “The person next to me [in a cafe] could be a spy, and they are looking at what you are doing. People disappear every day.” One day, a friend made the innocent mistake of striking up a conversation with a man in a cafe who later turned out to be from the Libyan embassy. “They were just chatting. Migrant boat crisis: the story of the Greek hero on the beach. It was an image that came to symbolise desperation and valour: the desperation of those who will take on the sea – and the men who ferry human cargo across it – to flee the ills that cannot keep them in their own countries. And the valour of those on Europe’s southern shores who rush to save them when tragedy strikes.

Last week on the island of Rhodes, war, repression, dictatorship in distant Eritrea were far from the mind of army sergeant Antonis Deligiorgis. [Elysium] Those maps show the extent of the tragedy of the migrants trying to reach Europe. Estimated Reading Time: 2 minutes [ eng – fr ] Ever since the first days of the EU, clandestine migration has stretched the European approach between populism and the desire to uphold progressive values.

The desire to prove that continent had left behind the scars of a great war and several smaller ones; that did away with colonialism and has become a beacon for tolerance and acceptance. World, wake up: Mediterranean migrant deaths are your problem, too - Opinion - Israel News. EU borders chief says saving migrants' lives 'shouldn't be priority' for patrols. The head of the EU border agency has said that saving migrants’ lives in the Mediterranean should not be the priority for the maritime patrols he is in charge of, despite the clamour for a more humane response from Europe following the deaths of an estimated 800 people at sea at the weekend. On the eve of an emergency EU summit on the immigration crisis, Fabrice Leggeri, the head of Frontex, flatly dismissed turning the Triton border patrol mission off the coast of Italy into a search and rescue operation.

He also voiced strong doubts about new EU pledges to tackle human traffickers and their vessels in Libya. “Triton cannot be a search-and-rescue operation. I mean, in our operational plan, we cannot have provisions for proactive search-and-rescue action. IOM: Mediterranean death toll could top 30,000 in 2015. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has warned that, based on current figures, the migrant death toll on the Mediterranean this year could top 30,000. The IOM said late on Tuesday that it believed 1,727 migrants have died trying to make the journey to Europe from North Africa so far this year, compared to just 56 at the same time last year. "IOM now fears that the 2014 total of 3,279 migrant deaths may be surpassed this year in a matter of weeks," the group said in a statement.

"We just want to make sure people understand how much more ... rapid these deaths have been coming this year," IOM spokesman Joel Millman said earlier on Tuesday. What’s Behind the Surge in Refugees Crossing the Mediterranean Sea. About 450 migrants disembarked from an Italian Navy ship in Augusta, Sicily, on Wednesday after being rescued from the Mediterranean Sea. Lynsey Addario for The New York Times Seeking Asylum in Europe Many refugees sought asylum in countries like Germany and Sweden, which have been relatively open to immigrants. As the refugee surge continues, debate is growing in the European Union about the lack of unified immigration policies and funding for migrant rescue operations. European foreign and defense ministers agreed on May 18 to use naval forces to intercept and disrupt ships used by smugglers. Sweden had the most asylum applicants per capita, with 8.4 applicants per 1,000 residents, which is nearly twice as many as the second- ranked country, Hungary.

Asylum applicants per 1,000 people in 2014. Migration. UN expert: rich countries must take in one million refugees to stop boat deaths. Wealthy countries should agree on a comprehensive plan to take one million refugees from Syria over the next five years to end the unfolding series of boat disasters in the Mediterranean, the UN’s special rapporteur on the human rights of migrants has urged. In a Guardian interview, François Crépeau said Europe was creating a market for people smugglers by failing to act on Syria. He said his plan could be extended to seven years or widened to include other nationalities, including Eritreans who have been fleeing war. “We know a great number of Syrians in particular are going to leave these countries and if we don’t provide any official mechanism for them to do so, they will resort to smugglers. UN's François Crépeau on the refugee crisis: 'Instead of resisting migration, let's organise it' The Guardian view on the Mediterranean migrants: every life is a precious life.

A proud father who is fleeing persecution, a mother who wants to give her family a chance – every migrant who risks their lives in the Mediterranean has a story that any European would recognise. EU to launch military operations against migrant-smugglers in Libya.

Unprecedented Refugee Crisis

The EU stands by as thousands of migrants drown in the Mediterranean. SAR outfit calls for ‘outside the box’ thinking. A rescue expert operating in the Mediterranean Sea told IHS Maritime that commercial ship rescues were essential but identified safety concerns, and said private search and rescue (SAR) operations could ease the burden. Pascal Wicht on Twitter: "Shift your perspective: “Borderless Mediterranean Sea” by @sabinerethore... Thousands of Migrants Rescued Off Italian Coast as Situation in Libya Deteriorates. Danger on the Deep Blue Sea. The ocean waves crash violently against the boat, tossing it to and fro, as hundreds of men, women and children try desperately to stay on board.

Behind them, they left a war zone, but none of them had been prepared for this. EU ‘burying heads in the sand’ as hundreds more migrants die at sea off Italy. Migrants drowned in Mediterranean 'could have been saved' 12 February 2015Last updated at 07:26 ET The migrants, mostly from West Africa, were cast adrift in rough and icy conditions. Migrant Offshore Aid Station Trailer. MOAS - Migrant Offshore Aid Station. Millionaire couple based in Malta rescuing illegal migrants in the Mediterranean Sea « Refugee Resettlement Watch. The millionaires who rescue people at sea.

Vice - Europe or Die

Left to die. Mediterranean. The Refugee Project. Border Burden. ICS Reaffirms Migrant Rescue Obligation. By MarEx 2014-10-30 18:15:00. France: Pope Francis visits European Parliament. Eu-frontex-2015-work-programme.pdf. EPRS_ATA(2015)548974_REV1_EN.pdf. The Deadly Mediterranean Crossing That Migrants Risk Every Day. Chirac warns of 'African flood' Smuggled futures: the dangerous path of a migrant from Africa to Europe. Spain sees surge of migrants by sea from Morocco. Questions and Answers - Smuggling of Migrants in Europe and the EU Response. Europe's ethical dilemma over migrants. Desperation, dire conditions for migrants fleeing to Europe. Saba Net - Yemen news agency. Cargo Ship Found Adrift Carrying Almost 1,000 Migrants Docks in Italy. 'Massacre' at sea: Italy arrests five over killings of more than 100 on migrant boat.

The Migrants Files - Keith Dannemiller Photojournalist. ‘Flee or die’: violence drives Central America’s child migrants to US border. Yes, Tony Abbott has 'stopped the boats'. But the cost is catastrophic. Italy Rescues 5,200 Migrants From Mediterranean. USS Bataan Rescues 282 Persons in Distress. U.S. Navy rescues 282 apparent migrants in Mediterranean. Thousands of migrants rescued off Italy. UN considers Africa holding centres for migrants. Europe faces 'colossal humanitarian catastrophe' of refugees dying at sea. Italy sounds alarm as 4,000 immigrants land. Understanding the surge in migrant boat crossings to Europe. Updated - Italy threatens to release refugees into EU unless help increases. Will Europe let more refugees and migrants die at sea? Italy rescues more than 3,500 migrants, Renzi asks for help : World : Daily Zone. EU Earmarking Billions to ‘Secure’ Borders.

CCTV shows thousands of migrants storming border into Spanish enclave. Hundreds of migrants scale barrier between Morocco and Melilla. The Chairman of Melilla. A report from Spanish intelligence says that 30,000 Sub-Saharans are preparing to cross to Moroccan border to Ceuta and Melilla. - Andalucía - Spain news - Spanish News in English - - Illegally crossing the Spain-Melilla border. 1,000 migrants storm Spain's African border. European Union agrees to set up holding camps for refugees.