Hmarker. Labor organizer Fannie Sellins, August 1919.
Fannie Sellins, undated photograph. Fannie Sellins lived a life and died a death straight out of the pages of The Autobiography of Mother Jones. Mary Harris Jones, known universally as "Mother Jones," faced down countless gun-toting deputies and spoke often of her own mortality, yet she lived through the labor battles to old age. Killed while organizing coal miners in 1919, Fannie Sellins became a great martyr for labor.
Fannie Sellins was born Frances Mooney in Ohio in 1867. In 1913 she went to work for the mineworkers union in West Virginia. Fannie Sellins Verdict Cover Coroner's Jury Verdict, on the death of Fannie Sellins, September 26, 1919. Surviving accounts of her brutal death are maddeningly inconsistent. No one really knows what happened to Fannie Sellins. Accompanying a group of women and children, she intervened during a confrontation between mine guards and picketers who were being clubbed. W.E.B. Du Bois - Journalist, Educator, Civil Rights Activist. “One ever feels his 'twoness'—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.”
“The problem of the 20th century is the problem of the color line.” “If there is anybody in this land who thoroughly believes that the meek shall inherit the earth, they have not often let their presence be known.” “There is but one coward on earth, and that is the coward that dare not know.” “The cost of liberty is less than the price of repression.” “To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.” “To the real question, 'How does it feel to be a problem? ' Dorothea Lange Photo Gallery: Migrant Farm Families. Juliette Gordon Low - Girl Scouts. Fannie Lou Hamer - Civil Rights Activist, Philanthropist. Fannie Lou Hamer was a civil rights activist who helped African Americans register to vote and who co-founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
Synopsis Fannie Lou Hamer was born on October 6, 1917, in Montgomery County, Mississippi. In 1962, she met civil rights activists who encouraged blacks to register to vote, and soon became active in helping. Hamer also worked for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, which fought racial segregation and injustice in the South. Margaret Mead - Anthropologist, Women's Rights Activist. Margaret Mead is best known for her studies and publications on cultural anthropology.
Synopsis Margaret Mead was born December 16, 1901 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Mead did her undergraduate work at Barnard College, where she met Franz Boas, who she went on to do her anthropology Ph.D. with at Columbia. Helen Keller Biography. Helen Keller's Family Portrait of Helen Keller as a young girl, with a white dog on her lap (August 1887) Helen Adams Keller was born a healthy child in Tuscumbia, Alabama, on June 27, 1880.
Her parents were Kate Adams Keller and Colonel Arthur Keller. On her father's side she was descended from Colonel Alexander Spottswood, a colonial governor of Virginia, and on her mother's side, she was related to a number of prominent New England families. The Alamo - Facts & Summary. In December 1835, in the early stages of Texas’ war for independence from Mexico, a group of Texan (or Texian) volunteers led by George Collinsworth and Benjamin Milam overwhelmed the Mexican garrison at the Alamo and captured the fort, seizing control of San Antonio.
By mid-February 1836, Colonel James Bowie and Lieutenant Colonel William B. Travis had taken command of Texan forces in San Antonio. Shays’ Rebellion - Facts & Summary. The uprising in Massachusetts began in the summer of 1786.
The rebels tried to capture the federal arsenal at Springfield and harassed leading merchants, lawyers, and supporters of the state government. The state militia, commanded by Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, crushed the rebels in several engagements in the winter of 1787. Shays and the other principal figures of the rebellion fled first to Rhode Island and then to Vermont. Haymarket Square Riot - Facts & Summary. The riot set off a national wave of xenophobia, as scores of foreign-born radicals and labor organizers were rounded up by the police in Chicago and elsewhere.
In August 1886, eight men, labeled as anarchists, were convicted in a sensational and controversial trial in which the jury was considered to be biased and no solid evidence was presented linking the defendants to the bombing. Judge Joseph E. Gary imposed the death sentence on seven of the men, and the eighth was sentenced to 15 years in prison. On November 11, 1887, four of the men were hanged. Custer's Last Stand. Jesse Owens. Biography Jesse Owens, the son of a sharecropper and grandson of a slave, achieved what no Olympian before him had accomplished.
His stunning achievement of four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic games in Berlin has made him the best remembered athlete in Olympic history. The seventh child of Henry and Emma Alexander Owens was named James Cleveland when he was born in Alabama on September 12, 1913. John Muir Biography - John Muir Exhibit. The john muir exhibit - life - john muir biography - john muir exhibit John Muir - farmer, inventor, sheepherder, naturalist, explorer, writer, and conservationist - was born on April 21, 1838 in Dunbar, Scotland.
Until the age of eleven he attended the local schools of that small coastal town. In 1849, the Muir family emigrated to the United States, settling first at Fountain Lake and then moving to Hickory Hill Farm near Portage, Wisconsin. Muir's father was a harsh disciplinarian and worked his family from dawn to dusk. Martin Luther - Theologian. Theologian Martin Luther forever changed Christianity when he began the Protestant Reformation in 16th-century Europe. Synopsis. Denied A Stage, She Sang For A Nation. Spanish historian and missionary. Kent State Shootings. In May 1970, students protesting the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces, clashed with Ohio National Guardsmen on the Kent State University campus. When the Guardsmen shot and killed four students on May 4, the Kent State Shootings became the focal point of a nation deeply divided by the Vietnam War.
By 1970, thousands of people in the United States were actively protesting the Vietnam War. There were numerous reasons why these protests took place. Some of the prominent ones included revelations that former President Lyndon Baines Johnson had misled the U.S. public about the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, which led to the escalation of U.S. involvement in Vietnam in late 1964. National Archives. Spring 2005, Vol. 37, No. 1 Belva Lockwood Blazing the Trail for Women in LawBy Jill Norgren © 2005 by Jill Norgren In the years just after the Civil War, as women began joining the legal profession, only a handful of spirited applicants succeeded in breaking through the cultural barriers that made it difficult to train for the law or win bar membership. The law was still the domain of men. Most Americans felt that professional work "unsexed" or degraded women.
The Marshall Plan - George C. Marshall. The Need Europe was devastated by years of conflict during World War II. Millions of people had been killed or wounded. Che Guevara - Military Leader - Biography. Che Guevara was a Marxist revolutionary allied with Fidel Castro during the Cuban Revolution. Synopsis. Olympic Athletes Who Took a Stand. Liliuokalani - Facts & Summary. Cleveland offered Liliuokalani reinstatement in return for her granting amnesty to all those who had been involved in the coup. About Jonas Salk - Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Jonas Edward Salk was born October 28, 1914 in New York City, the eldest of three sons to Russian-Jewish immigrants Daniel and Dora Salk. The first member of his family to attend college, he earned his medical degree from the New York University School of Medicine in 1939 and became a scientist physician at Mount Sinai Hospital.
In 1942, Salk went to the University of Michigan on a research fellowship to develop an influenza vaccine. Mary Walker - Women's Rights Activist, Nurse, Doctor, Surgeon. Mary Walker was a physician and women's rights activist who received the Medal of Honor for her service during the Civil War. Synopsis. Untitled. Childhood & Background. THE WEST - Sitting Bull. Ida Tarbell - Biography - Journalist. Early Life. Clara Lemlich . Triangle Fire . WGBH American Experience. Amelia Earhart Biography. The Official Licensing Site of The Wright Brothers. Dian Fossey. Marie Curie. Ada Lovelace - Biography - Mathematician, Computer Programmer. Betty Friedan - Women’s History. Muhammad Ali refuses Army induction - Apr 28, 1967. The Pullman Strike.
Thurgood Marshall Biography. John Muir Biography - John Muir Exhibit. Jesse Owens's Inspiring History. Nat Turner - Black History. Claudette Colvin - Civil Rights Activist, Medical Professional. Roger Williams - Facts & Summary. Washington leads troops into winter quarters at Valley Forge - Dec 19, 1777. Paul Revere - Folk Hero. Patriot Nathan Hale Was Hanged. Carrie Chapman Catt Girlhood Home and Museum: About Carrie Chapman Catt. Frederick Douglass - Author, Government Official, Journalist, Civil Rights Activist.
Mathew Brady. Anne Frank's history: the story of Anne Frank. Knud Pedersen on THE BOYS WHO CHALLENGED HITLER. The Trial of John Peter Zenger - Federal Hall National Memorial (U.S. National Park Service) Harriet Tubman - Civil Rights Activist. Biography. Sojourner Truth Biography. William Lloyd Garrison. Wisconsin Humane Society. Marjory Stoneman Douglas - Everglades National Park (U.S. National Park Service) Brave Hearts: Remembering the Little Rock Nine. Ida B. Wells - Civil Rights Activist, Journalist. Jane Addams. Rosa Parks - Civil Rights Activist. Who Was Alice Paul - API. Susan B. Anthony House. Iqbal Masih - World's Children's Prize. American Experience . Around the World in 72 Days . People & Events . Nellie Bly. The Malala Fund.
About Dr. King. ESPN.com: Jackie changed face of sports. Rachel Carson, The Life and Legacy. UFW: The Official Web Page of the United Farm Workers of America. Mother Jones (1837–1930) Mahatma Gandhi. White Rose. Life in a Jar - The Courageous Story of Irena Sendler. Oskar Schindler. Chiune (Sempo) Sugihara. Raoul Wallenberg and the Rescue of Jews in Budapest. The Harlem Hellfighters Video - World War I History. Elie Wiesel dead at 87; survived Holocaust, won Nobel. The Amistad Slave Rebellion, 175 Years Ago - History in the Headlines. Jonathan Daniels, Civil Rights Hero - VMI Archives - Virginia Military Institute.
Nelson Mandela. Teaching With Documents: Photographs of Lewis Hine: Documentation of Child Labor. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. King George III speaks to Parliament of American rebellion - Oct 27, 1775. Montgomery Bus Boycott - Black History. 19th Amendment - Women’s History. Civil Rights Movement - Black History. NHD 2017: Taking a Stand - U.S. History Topic Ideas Part II.