Neuroimaging and Mental Illness: A Window Into the Brain. Brain imaging scans, also called neuroimaging scans, are being used more and more to help detect and diagnose a number of medical disorders and illnesses.
Currently, the main use of brain scans for mental disorders is in research studies to learn more about the disorders. Brain scans alone cannot be used to diagnose a mental disorder, such as autism, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, or bipolar disorder. In some cases, a brain scan might be used to rule out other medical illnesses, such as a tumor, that could cause symptoms similar to a mental disorder, such as depression. Other types of tests are needed for a mental illness to be properly diagnosed.
Neuropsychologist Career: Job Duties, Salary & Education Requirements. What is a Neuropsychologist?
Neuropsychology is a discipline that is concerned primarily with cognition. Neuropsychologists can have a number of different job functions, from examining the effects of traumatic brain injuries on a person’s mood, behavior, and ability to think, to exploring how effective different treatments are for individuals whose brain functioning has been diminished. Many neuropsychologists work in the research sector, spending much of their time developing experiments to answer questions about the brain’s structures and functions. IOS Press. Neuropsychological assessment more efficient than MRI for tracking disease progression in memory clinic patients According to new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease February 19, 2014 Investigators at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, have shown that progression of disease in memory clinic patients can be tracked efficiently with 45 minutes of neuropsychological testing.
MRI measures of brain atrophy were shown to be less reliable to pick up changes in the same patients. This finding has important implications for the design of clinical trials of new anti-Alzheimer drugs. If neuropsychological assessment is used as the outcome measure or “gold standard,” fewer patients would be needed to conduct such trials, or the trials may be of shorter duration. The problem with scales like the ADAS is that they are quite crude and cannot pick up subtle changes, especially in early stages of the disease.
Career Profile - Neuropsychology.
Transforming Diagnosis. In a few weeks, the American Psychiatric Association will release its new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
This volume will tweak several current diagnostic categories, from autism spectrum disorders to mood disorders. While many of these changes have been contentious, the final product involves mostly modest alterations of the previous edition, based on new insights emerging from research since 1990 when DSM-IV was published. Sometimes this research recommended new categories (e.g., mood dysregulation disorder) or that previous categories could be dropped (e.g., Asperger’s syndrome).1 The goal of this new manual, as with all previous editions, is to provide a common language for describing psychopathology.
Functional Brain Anat. Gila & Videos. Early Visual Development. Frontal lobe development. Decade of the Brain Home Page. Emotion processing influences working memory circuits in pediatric bipolar disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Examples & History. Psychology Ethics. CellPhones.
Working-memory-and-learning-diffculties. Writing Quality. Learning and Memory (Section 4, Chapter 7) Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences. The analysis of the anatomical and physical bases of learning and memory is one of the great successes of modern neuroscience.
Thirty years ago little was known about how memory works, but now we know a great deal. This Chapter will discuss four issues that are central to learning and memory. First, what are the different types of memory? Second, where in the brain is memory located? One possibility is that human memory is similar to the memory chip in a personal computer (PC), which stores all the memory in one location. 7.1 Types of Memory Psychologists and neuroscientists have divided memory systems into two broad categories, declarative and nondeclarative (Figure 7.1). 7.2 Testing Memory Everyone is interested in knowing how well they remember so let us take a simple memory test. This memory test called the DRM test after its creators James Deese, Henry Roediger and Kathleen McDermott.
Mental Health African American Community. MRI Explained — Functional MRI of the Brain (FMRIB) Sex Matters during Adolescence: Testosterone-Related Cortical Thickness Maturation Differs between Boys and Girls. TCN18_3_349_351.pdf. America's Children 2014 - List of Tables. Arguments for and Against Standardized Mean Differences (Effect Sizes) Case Studies in Neuropsychology.
EBSCOhost Online Research Databases. Alexander Luria. Alexander Romanovich Luria (Russian: Алекса́ндр Рома́нович Лу́рия; 16 July 1902 – 14 August 1977) was a famous Soviet neuropsychologist and developmental psychologist.
He was one of the founders of Cultural-Historical Psychology, and a leader of the Vygotsky Circle. Luria's magnum opus was his textbook on neuropsychology titled Higher Cortical Functions in Man (1962) which has been translated into multiple laguages, and which was supplemented with his book titled The Working Brain in the 1970s. Apart from his work with Vygotsky, Luria is widely known for his later work with two extraordinary psychological case studies, his study of a man with a highly advanced memory, published as "The Mind of a Mnemonist", and the study of a man with traumatic brain injury, published as "The Man with a Shattered World". Biography Luria was born in Kazan, a regional center east of Moscow, to Jewish parents. Early life and childhood Early education and move to Moscow The war years