Australian Explorers. John McDouall Stuart. Explorers of Australia: John McDouall Stuart 1815 - 1866 There were many great explorers of inland Australia, but John McDouall Stuart was one of the greatest.
Stuart was born on 7 September 1815 in Scotland. Charles Sturt - easier version. The western rivers of New South Wales had been discovered, but no one knew where they flowed.
Oxley had tried to solve this mystery by travelling along the Lachlan and Macquarie Rivers, but each time he was blocked by swamps. One of our greatest explorers, Charles Sturt, (1795-1869) set out to try and find where these rivers flowed. Sturt was born in India and educated in England. He joined the army before coming to Australia. On his first expedition he had explored along the Darling River. Third Expedition For 14 years, Sturt gave up exploring. Sturt spent the next 8 years in Adelaide as colonial treasurer and later as colonial secretary. Australian Explorers. John Oxley. Major Thomas Mitchell. Explorers of Australia: Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, 1792 - 1855 Thomas Mitchell was born in Scotland.
Ludwig Leichhardt - easier version. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt was born in 1713 in Prussia (now part of Germany).
His parents were farmers and he studied natural science at university. He called himself Doctor, even though he did not finish his degree. In England Leichhardt lived with another student who paid for his trip to Australia to explore the inland. This friend also gave him money to help him in his new country. Edmund Kennedy - easier version. Edmund Kennedy was born on the Channel Island in England in 1818.
Hume and Hovell. Explorers of Australia:Hamilton Hume (1797- 1872) and William Hovell (1786-1875) Hamilton Hume was born in Parramatta,New South Wales on 18 June 1797.
He had a good knowledge of bushcraft, and by the age of 17 was exploring, first to the Berrima district (between Sydney and Canberra), then with Surveyor Meehan to the Goulburn Plains and Lake Bathurst. Over the next few years he was a member of several exploring parties, to Yass Plains and the tablelands near Braidwood. He was the first Australian born explorer. In 1824, Governor Brisbane asked Hume to join forces with an English sea captain, William Hovell, to go from Lake George to the Spencer Gulf (in what is now South Australia). They left Lake George on 17 October 1824, with a party of 6, enough supplies to last 16 weeks loaded onto bullock carts, horses and dogs (which they used to hunt kangaroos). The first two weeks of the journey was through areas that had already been explored. The journey home was easier. John Forrest - easier version. Sir John Forrest and his brother Alexander were two well known Western Australian explorers.
Later, John forrest became premier of Western Australia. Both brothers were surveyors and experienced bushmen. They made several journeys exploring the interior of Australia. Edmund Kennedy: Australian Explorer. Advertisement.
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EnchantedLearning.com is a user-supported site. As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages.Click here to learn more. (Already a member? Click here.) Matthew Flinders: Australian Explorer. James Cook: British Explorer. James Cook: British Explorer James Cook (October 27, 1728 - February 14, 1779) was a British explorer and astronomer who went on many expeditions to the Pacific Ocean, the Antarctic, the Arctic, and around the world.
Cook's first journey lasted from August 26,1768 to July 13, 1771, when he sailed to Tahiti on the Endeavor in order to observe Venus as it passed between the Earth and the Sun (this is called the transit of Venus, when Venus is visible as a small black dot moving across the Sun; the time of transit was used to calculate a more accurate distance between the Earth and the Sun). Cook was also searching for a large, southern continent that was thought to exist (but does not). Many scientists accompanied him on the voyage, including the botanist Joseph Banks.
He then sailed to and mapped eastern Australia (the Endeavor was stuck for a day on the Great Barrier Reef off northeastern Australia; the ship was damaged by coral and almost sank). Explorers of Australia. James Cook (October 27, 1728- February 14, 1779) was a British explorer and astronomer who went on many expeditions to the Pacific Ocean, Antarctic, Arctic, and around the world.
Cook's first journey was from 1768 to 1771, when he sailed to Tahiti in order to observe Venus as it passed between the Earth and the Sun (in order to try to determine the distance between the Earth and the Sun). During this expedition, he also mapped New Zealand and eastern Australia. Cook's second expedition (1772-1775) took him to Antarctica and to Easter Island.
Cook's last expedition (1776-1779) was a search for a Northwest Passage across North America to Asia. Cook was killed by a mob on Feb. 14, 1779, on the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii). Cook was the first ship's captain to stop the disease scurvy (now known to be caused by a lack of vitamin C) among sailors by providing them with fresh fruits. For more information on James Cook, click here.