background preloader

Filosofi

Facebook Twitter

Uppånervända världen för Claudio, 37. Mot oddsen har Claudio Vieira de Oliveira, 37, tagit examen som revisor och är aktiv som föreläsare.

Uppånervända världen för Claudio, 37

Oddsen? Hans huvud sitter på fel håll – bakom ryggen. – Men jag ser inte allting upp och ner, säger han till Mirror. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. List of speakers in Plato's dialogues. Unnamed speakers Notes[edit] Bibliography[edit] Debra Nails.

List of speakers in Plato's dialogues

World Cup Philosophy: Germany vs France. This comic is an homage (or perhaps ripoff, if you are feeling less generous) of Monty Python's classic skit, "The Philosophers' Football Match".

World Cup Philosophy: Germany vs France

Sartre's "radical freedom" is explained in the notes on comic 17. Similarly, Derrida's joke is explained in the notes of comic 23. Hey, I have a limited subject matter, I'm going to reuse jokes, get used to it. Foucault was best known for his critiques of power structures, and for hyphenating words. Camus thought the world was "absurd". Nietzsche similarly believe the world itself had no meaning, but an individual could create meaning in his own life and exert it onto the world. Marx's line is a play on his famous quote "The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. Kant believed there was the "phenomenal world" (i.e. the world of appearances) and the "noumenal world" (i.e. the world as it really is).

The Advertisements: The unnamed philosophers were intended to be: Schopenhauer, Rousseau, and Voltaire in the first panel. Blog.svd. Historia Det torde ingå i allmänbildningen att den grekiske filosofen Sokrates dömdes att begå självmord av Athens ledare, och att han år 399 f.Kr. tömde den föreskrivna giftbägaren – allt nogsamt redogjort för av lärjungen Platon.

blog.svd

Men varför? Vad hade Sokrates gjort som var så förfärligt? Dödsdomen mot Sokrates måste ses i ljuset av det nyligen avslutade peloponnesiska kriget, i vilket Athen lidit nederlag mot ärkerivalen Sparta. Den athenska demokratin hade därmed blivit ifrågasatt, och statens ledning befann sig i en ovanligt utsatt position. Toleransen mot oliktänkande, i synnerhet folk som öppet hyllade det spartanska styrelseskicket, var låg. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Analysis of Knowledge. 1.

The Analysis of Knowledge

Knowledge as Justified True Belief There are three components to the traditional (“tripartite”) analysis of knowledge. According to this analysis, justified, true belief is necessary and sufficient for knowledge. The Tripartite Analysis of Knowledge:S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p; S is justified in believing that p.

The tripartite analysis of knowledge is often abbreviated as the “JTB” analysis, for “justified true belief”. Socrates articulates the need for something like a justification condition in Plato's Theaetetus, when he points out that ‘true opinion’ is in general insufficient for knowledge. Before turning to influential twentieth-century arguments against the JTB theory, let us briefly consider the three traditional components of knowledge in turn. Metaphysics. First published Mon Sep 10, 2007 It is not easy to say what metaphysics is.

Metaphysics

Ancient and Medieval philosophers might have said that metaphysics was, like chemistry or astrology, to be defined by its subject matter: metaphysics was the “science” that studied “being as such” or “the first causes of things” or “things that do not change.” It is no longer possible to define metaphysics that way, and for two reasons. First, a philosopher who denied the existence of those things that had once been seen as constituting the subject-matter of metaphysics—first causes or unchanging things—would now be considered to be making thereby a metaphysical assertion. Secondly, there are many philosophical problems that are now considered to be metaphysical problems (or at least partly metaphysical problems) that are in no way related to first causes or unchanging things; the problem of free will, for example, or the problem of the mental and the physical. Epistemology. 1.

Epistemology

What is Knowledge? 1.1 Knowledge as Justified True Belief There are various kinds of knowledge: knowing how to do something (for example, how to ride a bicycle), knowing someone in person, and knowing a place or a city. Although such knowledge is of epistemological interest as well, we shall focus on knowledge of propositions and refer to such knowledge using the schema ‘S knows that p’, where ‘S’ stands for the subject who has knowledge and ‘p’ for the proposition that is known.[1] Our question will be: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for S to know that p?

We may distinguish, broadly, between a traditional and a non-traditional approach to answering this question. Truth. First published Tue Jun 13, 2006; substantive revision Tue Jan 22, 2013 Truth is one of the central subjects in philosophy.

Truth

It is also one of the largest. Truth has been a topic of discussion in its own right for thousands of years. Moreover, a huge variety of issues in philosophy relate to truth, either by relying on theses about truth, or implying theses about truth. It would be impossible to survey all there is to say about truth in any coherent way. The problem of truth is in a way easy to state: what truths are, and what (if anything) makes them true. 1. Much of the contemporary literature on truth takes as its starting point some ideas which were prominent in the early part of the 20th century. These theories all attempt to directly answer the nature question: what is the nature of truth?

The goal of this section is to characterize the ideas of the correspondence, coherence and pragmatist theories which animate the contemporary debate. 1.1 The correspondence theory. Flink fri efter 20 år – nu väntar år av frivård.