The National Museum of Australia spent AUS$130,000 (hammer price AUS$111,000) to acquire a rare 1813 “holey dollar ,” Australia’s first official minted currency, at the International Auction Galleries’ Australian & World Rare Coin auction on November 6th. There are only 300 or so holey dollars extant and this particular piece is one of only five which originated from Potosi, Bolivia. The rest are all Mexican silver. The holey dollar was an ingenious solution to the severe shortage of coinage in the colony of New South Wales. The History Blog » Blog Archive » Australian museum buys 1 holey dollar for $130,000
The first great age of the book Why are we so obsessed with the Tudors? They swagger and romp across our television screens and not a publishing season passes without a pile of hefty new volumes landing on the history table in the bookshops. This autumn brings us The Queen's Agent: Francis Walsingham at the Court of Queen Elizabeth I by John Cooper, Winter King: the Dawn of Tudor England by Thomas Penn and Mary Boleyn: "the Great and Infamous Whore" by Alison Weir.
All across England, the recent turn of the century has gone largely unnoticed. The vast majority of the country's population lives in the countryside, completely isolated or in small communities like Bedlington. The principal trades are growing grain or raising sheep for wool, both of which require a lot of manual labour. Farming tools are common, but machines are not; animals are raised, but not used extensively for cultivating the land. The Industrial Revolution - Causes
The course of industrialisation in France was so idiosyncratic that for a long time people wondered whether an industrial revolution had ever taken place in the country. One of the main reasons for this was that the "Grande Nation" did not possess as large and accessible natural supplies of coal and iron ore as countries like Great Britain or Belgium. Coal, in particular, was always a scarce commodity; the result was that the French relied on timber for an astonishingly long time. In addition, French agriculture functioned extraordinarily well. The 1789 revolution freed farmers and peasants from debts and taxes, thereby guaranteeing them a comparatively secure existence. The result was a lack of superfluous workers, a fact which gave a particular boost to the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. France
The East India Company Ltd – reborn and renewed
Australia: Our national stories By Dr Robert Lee of the University of Western Sydney Australian Heritage Commission, 2003 Overland Telegraph pole, Hayes Creek NT. Photo: J McKinnon/Australian Heritage Photographic Library The industrial revolution and the establishment of the first European settlement in Australia happened roughly at the same time. Linking a Nation: Chapter 1 - Australia and the Industrial Revolution in Transport and Communications
Industry + Technology
Making the Modern World - Icons of Invention - Technology
Welcome to the David Rumsey Map Collection Database and Blog. The Map Database has many viewers and the Blog has numerous categories. The historical map collection has over 48,000 maps and images online. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century North American and South American maps and other cartographic materials. Historic maps of the World, Europe, Asia, and Africa are also represented. Popular collection categories are antique atlas, globe, school geography, maritime chart, state, county, city, pocket, wall & case, children's, and manuscript maps.
SGA - mémoire des hommes - Fiche
Once again, some Americans have become obsessed with the idea that, to save our country and our jobs, we need to close down our borders and keep out "immigrants." This position is ridiculous. It flies in the face of the entire history of this country, as well as the admirable and unique principles upon which it was built. Almost every American is an immigrant, or descended from one. So the idea that "real Americans" should slam the doors shut and keep out the rabble should offend every one of us. The Backlash Against "Immigrants" Is Offensive And Absurd -- We're All Immigrants
The entire country seemed to be obsessed with reading. The sudden passion for books struck even booksellers as strange and in 1836 led literary critic Wolfgang Menzel to declare Germans "a people of poets and thinkers." "That famous phrase is completely misconstrued," declares economic historian Eckhard Höffner, 44. "It refers not to literary greats such as Goethe and Schiller," he explains, "but to the fact that an incomparable mass of reading material was being produced in Germany." Höffner has researched that early heyday of printed material in Germany and reached a surprising conclusion -- unlike neighboring England and France, Germany experienced an unparalleled explosion of knowledge in the 19th century. German authors during this period wrote ceaselessly. No Copyright Law: The Real Reason for Germany's Industrial Expansion? - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International