Australians in World War 1 - Research Guides at State Library of Victoria. This is a guide to finding records on Australian service personnel and their war activities.
This includes medical personnel such as doctors and nurses. Non-combatants such as journalists and photographers also enlisted in the army, so army records are relevant to them too. This guide explains how to access these records online and in print sources. Most records relate to the army, because far more Australians served in the army (the Australian Imperial Force or AIF) than in the Navy or Australian Flying Corps. Australia during World War I had a small navy, which served under British command. The National Archives of Australia holds the service records for all service personnel: army, navy and flying corps. If you know which unit or units a soldier served in, you can research the battles or campaigns his unit served in. Imperial War Museum Education Services - No Job for a Woman.
A global guide to the first world war - interactive documentary. Australians at War. Gallipoli. Gallipoli and the Anzacs. The Home Front. WWI Enlistment Posters on Pinterest. World War One - What is a Trench? Trench warfare characterised much of the fighting during World War One, particularly along the Western Front.
Trench systems were complicated with many interlinking lines of trenches. Front Line Trench Cross Section Artillery Line The artillery line was where the big field guns were located. They were used to fire shells at the enemy. Communication Trench The communication trenches were used to move between the front and rear trenches. Support Trenches The support trenches provided a second line of defense in case the front line trench was taken by the enemy. Bunker The underground bunkers were used to store food, weapons and artillery. Traverse Trenches were not built in straight lines. Machine Gun Nest The machine gun nest was where the machine guns were located. Front Line Trench The front line trenches were generally about 8 feet deep and between 4 and 6 feet wide. Barbed Wire Barbed wire was used extensively in the trench warfare of world war one. Listening Post No Man's Land Sandbags Parapet.
Archdukes, Cynicism, and World War I: Crash Course World History #36. Australian War Memorial. WWI Australia’s home front experience. Registration of Aliens Poster, c.1917.
Courtesy National Archives of AustraliaGermany was formed in 1871 when Bismarck united the German states. By 1914 it was a powerful country with a strong army but envious of Britain’s Navy and the empires of Britain and France. Although Britain had a large empire it feared the growing power of Germany and did not want Germany to get new colonies. France had lost some rich land to Germany in 1871. Some of the French wanted revenge, others feared their strong neighbour. Russia too was concerned about the new strong Germany and wanted to control the Balkans to ensure its ships could reach the Mediterranean Sea. Austria and Hungary federated in 1867 to create a large empire, but many Hungarian people wanted to be free of Austrian control. In 1914, Franz Ferdinand, a member of the Austrian Royal family, was assassinated in Serbia by a group of Serbian nationalists known as the Black Hand Society.
Australia & WWI. The Australian Home Front during World War 1. An overview by Robert Lewis.
Australians on the Western Front 1914-1918 : Home. First World War 1914–18. Australian troops in the Turkish Lone Pine trenchesA02022 The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war in August 1914, and Prime Minister Andrew Fisher's government pledged full support for Britain.
The outbreak of war was greeted in Australia, as in many other places, with great enthusiasm. Australia's early involvement in the Great War included the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force landing at Rabaul on 11 September 1914 and taking possession of German New Guinea at Toma on 17 September 1914 and the neighbouring islands of the Bismarck Archipelago in October 1914. On 14 November 1914 the Royal Australian Navy made a significant contribution when HMAS Sydney destroyed the German raider SMS Emden. On 25 April 1915 members of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) landed at Gallipoli together with troops from New Zealand, Britain, and France. BBC History - World War One Centenary - WW1 1914-1918.