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Australia 1788-1901Making a Nation

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~ GOLD ~ Australian gold rush. The 1850s gold rush attracted many Chinese people to Australia in search of a fortune.

Australian gold rush

In this scene, Chinese and European diggers methodically search for gold using various devices and techniques. When gold was discovered. - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia. The community, owners and staff of the Original Gold Rush Colony in Mogo (NSW South Coast Australia) have a wealth of information to share.

- Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia

The information has been gathered over time from their own research and experiences initially through the efforts of Bill Mitchell, Corey Peterson, Sam and Martyn Lloyd and Charlie Hyde, building on the base material provided by Ron Prior. As we gave information, so we received anecdotal input from passionate tourists. Many of our guests have had family who lived through this short Caucasian period of Australia's history. This has led to a collation of stories from the wider communities south of Sydney New South Wales - Batemans Bay, Nelligen, Araluen and surrounding South Coast regions and beyond to provide an on-line resource center.

The Australian gold rush. JCF Johnson, A Game of Euchre, col. wood engraving, Australasian Sketcher Supplement [Melbourne], 25 December, 1876.

The Australian gold rush

Image courtesy of the : nla.pic-an8927787. The gold rushes of the nineteenth century and the lives of those who worked the goldfields - known as '' - are etched into our national . There is no doubt that the gold rushes had a huge effect on the Australian economy and our development as a nation. It is also true to say that those heady times had a profound impact on the national psyche.

The camaraderie and '' that developed between diggers on the goldfields is still integral to how we - and others - perceive ourselves as Australians. Parliamentary Education Office (parliament,federal,new,federation,australia) Federation. The Federation Kiosk, Centennial Park, Sydney at the Proclamation of Federation, 1 January 1901.

Federation

Image courtesy of the. It's hard to imagine in contemporary Australia, but prior to Federation each of the Australian colonies was more like its own country with customs houses, railway gauges and even their own military. It was neither natural nor inevitable that Australia would be federated, in fact it wasn't even a very popular idea. Only through the dedication and hard work of a small group of people did the colonies eventually come together to form a nation. Colonial politicians like Alfred Deakin, Henry Parkes and Edmund Barton waged a long campaign to turn the six colonies of 3.7 million people into a country in its own right. The Father of Federation Henry Parkes. . (1815-1896) is often called the 'Father of Federation' for his role as a long-time agitator for the cause.

Ancient Australian History. At the time of colonisation of Australia, Great Britain was in need of new land to place its convicts.

Ancient Australian History

After early sightings of Australia by James Cook, it was decided that Australia would become a new British colony where convicts would be sent and used for labour in establishing the new colony. In 1788, the first fleet of ships landed in Botany Bay and so began the colonisation of Australia. European Exploration (1400-1788) - Before the English officially landed on Botany Bay in 1788, tthere were many expeditions to find the Great Unknown South Land, that was believed to be full of gold. The first European to discover was thought to have been Willem Jansz, a Dutchman who sailed along part of the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606 and landed on Australian soil.

First Landing - In August 1786, the British government decided to start a convict settlement in New South Wales. Early Years - Governor Phillip left Sydney in December 1792. Eureka Stockade. The changing face of early Australia. Millions of people from all over the world have made Australia their home. Their lives and experiences have influenced all aspects of Australian life.

In particular, the new arrivals, or immigrants, have contributed significantly to the working life of Australia—from , the , the sugar cane fields, and construction sites through and luggers to factories, , cafés and many other business. A lady holding a small child [Quarantine Station], Tom Gray Collection, 3. Image courtesy of . Eventually, the arrival of people from diverse societies created a cultural diversity that is now an integral part of Australian society and identity. Lecture: Childhood Experiences in Australia 1788-1901. Download lecture: Childhood Experiences in Australia 1788-1901Download pdf of slides This lecture presents an archaeological investigation of European childhood in Australia spanning the years 1788 – 1901.

Lecture: Childhood Experiences in Australia 1788-1901

Applying the sociological theory of interpretive reproduction (Corsaro 2005), which posits that childhood is a social construction resulting from collective actions of children with adults and each other, the research focuses on revealing children’s creativity and agency as reflected in the material culture of childhood. Margaretha Vlahos is an archaeology postgraduate student from the University of Queensland. She is particularly interested in the interaction between humans and material culture, both in the past and present, human behaviour, agency and the processes of culture change. Image: John, Catherine and Emily Gilbert at ‘Pewsey Vale’. Like this: Like Loading... Indigenous Australians Overview. HA3_01. ATSI_Facts_Sheet.