sayings / slang / words
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Philology is the study of language in written historical sources; it is a combination of literary studies , history , and linguistics . [ 1 ] It is also more commonly defined as the study of literary texts and written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. Classical philology is the philology of Greek and Classical Latin . Classical philology is historically primary, originating in Pergamum and Alexandria [ 2 ] around the 4th century BC, continued by Greeks and Romans throughout the Roman and Byzantine Empires, and eventually taken up by European scholars of the Renaissance, where it was soon joined by philologies of other languages both European ( Germanic , Celtic , Slavistics , etc.) and non-European ( Sanskrit , Persian , Arabic , Chinese , etc.). Indo-European studies involves the comparative philology of all Indo-European languages .
Synecdoche ( pron.: / s ɪ ˈ n ɛ k d ə k iː / , si- NEK -də-kee ; from Greek synekdoche (συνεκδοχή), meaning "simultaneous understanding") is a figure of speech [ 1 ] in which a term for a part of something is used to refer to the whole of something, or vice-versa. Specifically, it is used in one of the following ways: Part of something is used to refer to the whole thing ( pars pro toto ), or A thing (a "whole") is used to refer to part of it ( totum pro parte ) (Use of the term " The Internet " to refer to the World Wide Web , which is only a part of the Internet), or A specific class of thing is used to refer to a larger, more general class, or A general class of thing is used to refer to a smaller, more specific class, or A material is used to refer to an object composed of that material ("he wore Spandex " to refer to someone wearing pants made of Spandex), or A container is used to refer to its contents.
[ edit ] English [ edit ] Etymology Ancient Greek κάκιστος ( kakistos , " worst " ) , superlative of κακος ( kakos , " bad " ) + -κρατια ( -kratia , " power, rule, government " ) . [ edit ] Pronunciation