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The Anglo-Saxon community in England was basically a rural one, where primarily all classes of society lived on the land. At the top of the social system was the royal house. This consisted of the king and princes ( æðelings ), who claimed a common ancestry with the king; they had special privileges and responsibilities which included military service and command in the field.
Pirihan is the basic "undershirt" worn by men and women. Women's are long -- mid-calf to ankle length. Men's can be short -- knee to mid-thigh length, but it is probable that in a formal situation a man wore long pirihan. Salwar are the pants worn by men and women. I am not certain of the Persian, but in Turkish this is pronounced "shal-var".
As I've mentioned earlier, my daughter has recently decided that she would like to wear Viking Era clothing. In putting together her wardrobe, I decided that she should have a warm, outer layer for winter. Some quick research led me to the caftan.
Outfit einer Magd aus Köln, 1586 Ich mag Jost Ammans Holzschnitte der Trachten in Konrad Lautenbachs (alias Thrasibulus Torrentinus Mutislariensis), Im Frauwenzimmer Wirt vermeldt von allerley schönen Kleidungen vnnd Trachten der Weiber... , Frankfurt a.M. 1586, sehr gerne (hier der Link zu Wikisource ). Schon lange habe ich daran herumstudiert, die Basler Dame oder die Jungfrau aus Zürich nachzunähen. Das Rennen hat am Ende aber die Magd aus Köln gemacht.
Figure 1: gown based on Moy gown, front Background This garment, presumed to be a woman’s, was discovered in a bog in Moy, County Clare, Ireland in 1931. The age of the gown is not known, but it is presumed to be from the mid 14 th century to late 15 th century based on its construction. There are at least two very detailed accounts of this garment available.
The Ruff The Ruff started as a high frilled collar in the fashion of the Middle Ages.
The sixteenth century was one of the most extravagant and splendid periods in all of costume history and one of the first periods in which modern ideas of fashion influenced what people wore. Some of the larger cultural trends of the time included the rise and spread of books, the expansion of trade and exploration, and the increase in power and wealth of national monarchies, or kingdoms, in France, England, and Spain. Each of these trends influenced what people chose to wear and contributed to the frequent changes in style and the emergence of style trendsetters that are characteristic of modern fashion. Wealth and the monarchies of Europe Perhaps the single biggest factor influencing fashion in the sixteenth century was the wealth of European kingdoms and powerful city-states in Italy.
Demonstrations>Accessories:Western European> Flat Caps and Tall Hats Once upon a time, a really long time ago, I joined a historical re-enactment society. I constructed a huge number of really bad hats back then but I loved hats so I kept at it. Then, one day, while I was wearing one of my latest tall hat creations (something closer to accurate but still not quite there), a well-meaning but rather tactless long time player bluntly informed me that my hat was so incredibly incorrect that he could not contain himself and had to say something. In public.
Men's Renaissance Costumes. View A: the shirt dates to the mid 1800's and later, but you see them a lot at festivals so you could get away with it unless you are promoting yourself as strict re-creationists. The pants, too are much later than Renaissance, but would probably work. The doublet is fine as cut for the late 1500's, this piece is actually based on some existing clothing finds.
Period Clothing Patterns and Cutting Diagrams IMPORTANT: Notes On Using Our Patterns These patterns are reproduced from original period patterns and from cutting diagrams found in English, French and American publications of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Those copied from full-sized patterns were scanned in at 1/2, 1/4 or 1/8 of the original size as indicated on each piece. They can be printed out and enlarged on a photocopier, projector, digitally, or by hand.
Impressive collection of links! Thanks by Jul 26
Crazy Crow Trading Post The Most Authentic and Comprehensive Frontier and Native American Clothing Patterns Available Jingle dresses, tradecloth dress, Cherokee tear dress, Plains Indian cloth dress, Plains Indian buckskin dress, Plains-style moccasins Past Patterns Accurate Federal, Jacksonian, Civil War, Gilded Age, Edwardian, and WWI up to WWII Clothing Patterns for Men, Women, and Children Very fun site to browse—you may lose track of time. So many fun things to look at—so many that I’m not going to list them all, but I’ll mention a few that stand out to me.
Following Victoria’s example, it became customary for families to go through elaborate rituals to commemorate their dead. This included wearing mourning clothes, having a lavish (and expensive) funeral, curtailing social behavior for a set period of time, and erecting an ornate monument on the grave. Mourning clothes were a family’s outward display of their inner feelings. The rules for who wore what and for how long were complicated, and were outlined in popular journals or household manuals such as The Queen and Cassell’s – both very popular among Victorian housewives. They gave copious instructions about appropriate mourning etiquette.
How would you react if you were serving dinner to a guest and you had asked him “Would you care to have another helping of crepes, or perhaps more tea?” And, his reply to you was “Nah-- I don’t want anymore of that”; you politely interject, “Are you certain?” and he retorts, “I said nah---didn’t I?” “Watsa matter, can’t ya hear me?”