background preloader


Facebook Twitter

Emmanuelle Buret


Harlem Renaissance - Black History. The nucleus of the movement included Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes, Rudolf Fisher, Wallace Thurman, Jessie Redmon Fauset, Nella Larsen, Arna Bontemps, Countee Cullen, and Zora Neale Hurston.

Harlem Renaissance - Black History

An older generation of writers and intellectuals–James Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay, Alain Locke, and Charles S. Johnson–served as mentors. The publishing industry, fueled by whites’ fascination with the exotic world of Harlem, sought out and published black writers. With much of the literature focusing on a realistic portrayal of black life, conservative black critics feared that the depiction of ghetto realism would impede the cause of racial equality. The intent of the movement, however, was not political but aesthetic. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow - Harlem Renaissance. Jazz Age - Louis Armstrong. Louis Armstrong From Armstrong 101, an educational publication produced by Jazz at Lincoln Center:

Jazz Age - Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana, the birthplace of jazz. He is considered the most important improviser in jazz, and he taught the world to swing. Armstrong, fondly known as "Satchmo" (which is short for "Satchelmouth" referring to the size of his mouth) or "Pops," had a sense of humor, natural and unassuming manner, and positive disposition that made everyone around him feel good. With his infectious, wide grin and instantly recognizable gravelly voice, he won the hearts of people everywhere.

Ku Klux Klan: Extraordinary images from a divisive era capture a day of reckoning as 50,000 white supremacists marched on Washington DC. By Hannah Roberts Updated: 17:32 GMT, 12 February 2012 The eerie, ghost-like hordes boldly parade on the country’s most illustrious avenue, in a performance that feels unthinkable in today's world.

Ku Klux Klan: Extraordinary images from a divisive era capture a day of reckoning as 50,000 white supremacists marched on Washington DC

More than 50,000 of the Ku Klux Klan gathered in the shadow of the Capitol’s dome for two processions in Washington DC, in 1925 and 1926. The phantom-like figures, out in numbers on Pennsylvania Avenue pulled off a show of force that shocked and frightened the nation, even as, widely discredited, the group began to wither away. Ghostly vision: More 50,000 of the Ku Klux Klan gathered in the shadow of the Capitol¿s dome for two parades in Washington DC in 1925 and 1926. Icons of the Roaring Twenties. Just hearing the name F.

Icons of the Roaring Twenties

Scott Fitzgerald evokes the echo of clinking martini glasses, the fizz-pop of champagne, tinkling chandeliers, and the strains of hot jazz sliding forth from a glistening trombone. Sleek women in satin and chiffon dance wildly, beads flying furiously. Ah, but that would be Zelda, his wife. American Cultural History - Decade 1920-1929. Early modernism in art, design, and architecture, which began at the turn of the century, continued through to 1940 and the war.

American Cultural History - Decade 1920-1929

In cities, Skyscrapers (first in 1870s) were erected and hundreds of architects competed for the work. The first successful design was the Woolworth Building in New York. In Chicago, the Wrigley building was designed by Graham, Anderson, Probst, and White while the Chicago Tribune Tower was designed by Howells and Hood.

The Art Deco design was exemplified by the Chrysler and Empire State Buildings (depression projects - the Empire State Building completed early 1931.) Frank Lloyd Wright was prolific during this period, designing homes in California and in Japan. Prohibition. Prohibition The 18th Amendment to the Constitution prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol in America went into effect on January 16, 1920. The United States was now officially "dry" from coast to coast. Prohibition was the law of the land.

Women's Suffrage: Their Rights and Nothing Less - Lesson Overview - Lesson Plans - For Teachers. Back to Lesson Plans Lesson Overview Women obtained the right to vote nationwide in 1920.

Women's Suffrage: Their Rights and Nothing Less - Lesson Overview - Lesson Plans - For Teachers

Before 1920, only criminals, the insane, Native Americans, and women were denied the vote. The modern woman's suffrage movement began in the 1840s with the Seneca Falls Convention. How did it happen and why? DECADENT AMERICA: The Roaring Twenties (720p) Teaching the American 20s. How Prohibition backfired and gave America an era of gangsters and speakeasies. On Saturday, 17 January 1920, the Manchester Guardian reported with mild incredulity on one of the most extraordinary experiments in modern democratic history.

How Prohibition backfired and gave America an era of gangsters and speakeasies

"One minute after midnight tonight," the story began, "America will become an entirely arid desert as far as alcoholics are concerned, any drinkable containing more than half of 1 per cent alcohol being forbidden. " In fact, the Volstead Act – which prohibited the sale of "intoxicating liquors" – had come into operation at midnight the day before. But the authorities had granted drinkers one last day, one last session at the bar, before the iron shutters of Prohibition came down. American History: Fear of Communism in 1920 Threatens Civil Rights. Or download MP3 (Right-click or option-click and save link) BOB DOUGHTY: Welcome to THE MAKING OF A NATION -- American history in VOA Special English.

American History: Fear of Communism in 1920 Threatens Civil Rights

The United States Constitution guarantees freedoms such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion. The Bill of Rights in the Constitution protects these and other individual rights. But the government has not always honored all of the rights in the Constitution. Wall Street Crash of 1929 and its aftermath. The strength of America’s economy in the 1920’s came to a sudden end in October 1929 – even if the signs of problems had existed before the Wall Street Crash.

Wall Street Crash of 1929 and its aftermath

Suddenly the ‘glamour’ of the Jazz Age andgangsters disappeared and America was faced with a major crisis that was to impact countries as far away as Weimar Germany – a nation that had built up her economy on American loans. The huge wealth that appeared to exist in America in the 1920’s was at least partly an illusion. For example the African Americans and the farmers had not benefited in the Jazz Age but neither had 60% of the whole population as it is estimated that a family needed a basic minimum of $2,000 a year to live (about £440) and 60% of US families earned less than this. Almost certainly some of the 60% included those who had gambled some money on Wall Street and could least afford to lose it in the crash of October ‘29. The very rich lost money on Wall Street but they could just about afford it. The Roaring Twenties - Facts & Summary. During the 1920s, some freedoms were expanded while others were curtailed.

The Roaring Twenties - Facts & Summary

The 18th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1919, had banned the manufacture and sale of “intoxicating liquors,” and at 12 A.M. on January 16, 1920, the federal Volstead Act closed every tavern, bar and saloon in the United States. From then on, it was illegal to sell any “intoxication beverages” with more than 0.5% alcohol. "Gatsby" and the Roaring Twenties. The ordering of events in “The Great Gatsby” Introduction In The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald condensed the story’s events. It appears that two important changes were introduced: Nick’s “I”/Nick’s Eye: Why they couldn’t film Gatsby.

The novel F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is told in the form of a book written by and from the point of view of Nick Carraway, who at the beginning of the narration has been home in the Midwest since “last autumn” and by the end has been home two years. (1) Nick had gone East, stayed through a summer and into a fall, then went back where he thought he belonged and, after a while, set about writing down what he thought had happened during the five or six months in 1922 he worked in Manhattan as a bond salesman and hung out on Long Island with his cousin Daisy Buchanan, her husband (and his Yale classmate) Tom, Tom’s mistress Myrtle Wilson and her husband George, Daisy’s childhood friend Jordan Baker (a professional golfer), and Nick’s mysterious neighbour, Jay Gatsby.

It is mostly a novel of character and revelation; the plot can be summarized in a few lines. When Fitzgerald died at the age of 44 in 1941, not one of his books was in print. Film Versions. Narrative Structure of “The Great Gatsby” Narrative Structure of “The Great Gatsby” The Great Gatsby by Fitzgerald, with the combination of its form and content, as an ideal work of modern narrative art, fully provides the Fitzgerald’s effort for the improvement of traditional narrative steps and techniques. By using the unique and new narrative techniques the Fitzgerald creates remarkable effects to reinforce the specific creative charm and draw attention to the content concept of novel.

This research paper explores the narrative steps and techniques in novel “The Great Gatsby” in terms of “I” as witness, the shift of the author’s position and the transgression to concentrate on the distinct and special techniques. The novel “The Great Gatsby” is about American dreams. Modernism And The Great Gatsby. The Use of Modernist Techniques in the Great Gatsby. Fitzgerald used new modern trends in literature with radical, innovative techniques to create a portrait of the decade. The Great Gatsby was a breakthrough in modernist writing because it was modern day at a time of prohibition and when trends were sweeping the nation.

Materialism became the new way of life with for the first time in history the American population centralised within the cities instead of in the country.