Un groupe de recherche créé pour encadrer l’intelligence artificielle des robots. Une équipe de recherche basée au Royaume-Uni a lancé un projet collaboratif sur les robots autonomes, afin que dans le futur, leur fabrication réponde à un ensemble de critères éthiques, de lois et de normes de qualité.
De plus en plus de robots font preuve d’intelligence artificielle et savent se comporter sans avoir à faire appel à l’homme. Ces derniers sont développés pour les besoins de l’industrie aéronautique ou nucléaire, l’agriculture avec des drones qui analysent les récoltes ou encore, les voitures autonomes pour le grand public ou les aspirateurs robots pour la maison.
Un groupe de chercheurs des universités de Sheffield, Liverpool et Bristol ont lancé un nouveau projet pour répondre aux préoccupations autour de la robotique et à celles qui pourraient naître dans un futur proche avec le progrès des nouvelles technologies. Alan Winfield de l’Université de Bristol, un des professeurs chargés du projet et qui travaille sur les robots éthiques, explique : "Containing the intelligence explosion: the role of transparency" by Dr Joanna Bryson. This is a joint event with the Oxford Martin School and the Oxford Martin Programme on the Impacts of Future Technology Dr Joanna Bryson, Reader, Department of Computer Science, University of Bath, will ask: Is artificial intelligence an existential threat to humanity?
If so when? In this talk she will argue that what Dewey, Goertzel and others have described as an intelligence explosion is an accurate description of the impact the socio-technical system of humanity and its culture has had on this planet since the dawn of writing – arguably the first form of AI. This pattern is accelerating with new communication and computation technology creating an ever-more powerful and dynamic system. The Intelligence Explosion started 10,000 years ago (+/- 2,000)
I just watched Daniel Dewey's TEDx Vienna talk, The Long-Term Future of AI, and it drove me crazy.
On the one hand I agree with him about the description of the phenomenon that he and others call The Intelligence Explosion. But on the other, it was constantly grating to hear him describe it as something coming in the future. This is a perfect description of human cumulative culture, and how it differs from the many other species' culture, and why it is dangerous. The Truth About Robots and Human Jobs - A3 Association for Advancing Automation. Image Credit: Rethink Robotics Of all the technology topics covered in the media today, robots are among both the hottest and, in some ways, the most feared.
Technology Has Treated us Well Amid all the recent hysteria surrounding the perceived threat that robots pose to human jobs, we seem to have lost sight of what they actually are. Sure, Artificial Intelligence May End Our World, But That Is Not the Main Problem. The robots will rise, we’re told.
The machines will assume control. Sure, Artificial Intelligence May End Our World, But That Is Not the Main Problem. Systèmes experts: jusqu’où peut-on automatiser l’intelligence? L’économie numérique, véritable vecteur d’emplois ? Facing the Intelligence Explosion. Amazon fait appel à 15 000 robots Kiva pour ses livraisons de Noël. Des robots de 145 kg installés dans les entrepôts américains d'Amazon vont permettre à l'e-commerçant de réduire ses délais de livraison.
Artificial intelligence: how clever do we want our machines to be? From 2001: A Space Odyssey to Blade Runner and RoboCop to The Matrix, how humans deal with the artifical intelligence they have created has proved a fertile dystopian territory for film-makers.
More recently Spike Jonze’s Her and Alex Garland’s forthcoming Ex Machina explore what it might be like to have AI creations living among us and, as Alan Turing’s famous test foregrounded, how tricky it might be to tell the flesh and blood from the chips and code. US DoD report: Preparing for war in the robotic age. A recently released US Department of Defense report, DTP 106: Policy Challenges of Accelerating Technological Change, sets out the potential benefits and concerns of Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and associated technologies (as well as advances in information and communications technologies (ICT) and cognitive science, big data, cloud computing, energy and nanotechnologies).
Calling for policy choices to be made sooner rather than later, the authors, James Kadtke and Linton Wells II indicate that: This paper examines policy, legal, ethical, and strategy implications for national security of the accelerating science, technology, and engineering (ST&E) revolutions underway in five broad areas: biology, robotics, information, nanotechnology, and energy (BRINE), with a particular emphasis on how they are interacting. 2013 Programme. Taking new technologies to court. Open Internet Project. Rubrique - Approfondir. Real Humans : des machines qui parlent comme des hommes, ou presque... Et si des robots ressemblant aux humains cohabitaient avec eux, comme dans la série Real Humans ?
DigitalAssets/38/38704_Avis_robotique_livret.pdf. Pour une éthique de la recherche en robotique. À l’occasion de la remise d’un rapport préconisant l’adoption de règles éthiques encadrant la recherche et la production robotiques, Raja Chatila, directeur de l’Institut des systèmes intelligents et de robotique, précise la nature et l’intérêt de telles règles.
Attisant les imaginations à travers les œuvres d’anticipation depuis l’Antiquité, interpellant l’homme sur sa nature même, souvent mal vulgarisée par les médias, la robotique est un domaine en plein essor et les articles de presse évoquant les robots sont quasiment quotidiens. En effet, l’avancée des recherches ainsi que les développements technologiques ont permis de parvenir à une maturité suffisante pour que certaines applications concrètes commencent à voir le jour.
ISIR - Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotique. Quand Big Data et intelligence artificielle tueront l’emploi. Ce samedi 25 octobre, le JDD s’est fait l’écho d’une étude réalisée par le cabinet de conseil Roland Berger anticipant rien moins que la destruction de plus de 3 millions d’emplois, en France, d’ici 2025, sous l’effet de l’automatisation : « les classes moyennes, qui exercent des professions intellectuelles dont une partie des tâches peut être automatisée sont particulièrement visées. » Pour Hakim El Karoui, associé au cabinet qui a piloté l’étude, « la robotisation pourrait être aux cols blancs ce que la mondialisation fût aux cols bleus. » Une surprise ? Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence and the metaphorical AI time bomb. Frank Knight was an idiosyncratic economist who formalized a distinction between risk and uncertainty in his 1921 book Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit.
As Knight saw it, an ever-changing world brings new opportunities, but also means we have imperfect knowledge of future events. According to Knight, risk applies to situations where we do not know the outcome of a given situation, but can accurately measure the odds. Uncertainty, on the other hand, applies to situations where we cannot know all the information we need in order to set accurate odds in the first place. “There is a fundamental distinction between the reward for taking a known risk and that for assuming a risk whose value itself is not known,” Knight wrote. Da Vinci Robotic Surgery Lawyers. The attorneys at Morgan & Morgan are investigating claims on behalf of patients who have undergone surgery using the da Vinci surgical robot. There have been an increasing number of complaints of complications, including burns, punctured vessels or organs, excessive bleeding and deaths, which are believed to be associated with the use of the robot during surgery.
In response to the rise in complaints and concern over the safety of its use, the FDA has launched an investigation to determine whether Intuitive Surgical, Inc.’s device is responsible for the allegations in the complaints. Stephen Hawking: 'Transcendence looks at the implications of artificial intelligence - but are we taking AI seriously enough?' - Science - News. Artificial-intelligence (AI) research is now progressing rapidly. Recent landmarks such as self-driving cars, a computer winning at Jeopardy! And the digital personal assistants Siri, Google Now and Cortana are merely symptoms of an IT arms race fuelled by unprecedented investments and building on an increasingly mature theoretical foundation. Such achievements will probably pale against what the coming decades will bring. The potential benefits are huge; everything that civilisation has to offer is a product of human intelligence; we cannot predict what we might achieve when this intelligence is magnified by the tools that AI may provide, but the eradication of war, disease, and poverty would be high on anyone's list.
Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence and the metaphorical AI time bomb. Artificial Intelligence @ MIRI. J J Bryson; Ethics, Robots, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Society. Last revised 22 January 2017 (just the media links). For my latest views, see also my blogposts on AI and on Ethics. Everyone should think about the ethics of the work they do, and the work they choose not to do. Artificial Intelligence and robots often seem like fun science fiction, but in fact already affect our daily lives. National Science Foundation and federal partners award $31.5M to advance co-robots in US. From disaster recovery to caring for the elderly in the home, scientists and engineers are developing robots that can handle critical tasks in close proximity to humans, safely and with greater resilience than previous generations of intelligent machines.
Today the National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture and NASA announced $31.5 million in new awards to spur the development and use of co-robots — robots that work cooperatively with people. The awards mark the third round of funding made through the National Robotics Initiative (NRI), a multi-agency program launched in September 2012 as part of the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Initiative, with NSF as the lead federal agency. The 52 new research awards, ranging from $300,000 to $1.8 million over one to four years, advance fundamental understanding of robotic sensing, motion, computer vision, machine learning and human-computer interaction. The Problem With China's Giant Robot Ambitions.
BEIJING — The Chinese government wants the country to transition from a "manufacturing giant" to a "manufacturing power," and in no industry is that ambition clearer than robotics. China's Ministry of Industry has announced a five-year plan to promote the sector, including the formulation of a robot industry technological roadmap. The goal is ultimately to grasp a 45% share of the world’s high-end robot market by 2020. Earlier this year President Xi Jinping mentioned in a speech that the "Robot Revolution" is expected to become an entry point as well as an important growth vector of the "Third Industrial Revolution," with a vast impact on the global manufacturing landscape.
Internationally, he reckoned, a robot war has started, with both the United States and European Union having both put forward their own robot programs. Of Flying Cars and the Declining Rate of Profit. A secret question hovers over us, a sense of disappointment, a broken promise we were given as children about what our adult world was supposed to be like. I am referring not to the standard false promises that children are always given (about how the world is fair, or how those who work hard shall be rewarded), but to a particular generational promise—given to those who were children in the fifties, sixties, seventies, or eighties—one that was never quite articulated as a promise but rather as a set of assumptions about what our adult world would be like. And since it was never quite promised, now that it has failed to come true, we’re left confused: indignant, but at the same time, embarrassed at our own indignation, ashamed we were ever so silly to believe our elders to begin with.
BioMot. Le Parlement européen envisage une séparation des activités de Google. ISO standards, how they are created. Legal Challenges in an Age of Robotics. Ww.clawar.org/downloads/ISO_WG7_PCR_Workshop/Presentation/1-GSVirk-Personal care robot safety.pdf. The Future of Robotics in Health Care. A Framework for Integrating Ethics in the Design of Care Robots : Aimee van Wynsberghe. Dans les entrepôts d'Amazon, « on a l’impression d’être des robots. Revamped Turing test expects computers to show imagination. In June, the developers of a Russian chatbot posing as a 13-year-old boy from Ukraine claimed it had passed the Turing test. There is now a 3D printer on the International Space Station. An astronaut installed a 3D printer on the International Space Station (ISS) this morning — a big first that could change how the station’s inhabitants go about their daily lives. The printer, which is made by Bay Area startup Made in Space, arrived at the ISS on Sept. 22 aboard SpaceX’s Dragon cargo ship.
It had to wait to be installed while astronauts concentrated on time-sensitive experiments, such as a group of mice. It will first print 22 parts to test how it performs in space, followed by a second batch of undetermined items. Made in Space will use what it learns to build a second printer that will be installed permanently in 2015. The Made in Space printer onboard the International Space Station.
The Internet of Things and E-Discovery. Interstellar score: Hans Zimmer composes music for the universe, brilliantly. Photo illustration by Slate. “Interstellar” solves climate change by incoherently jetting into space. Machinery Directive Harmonised Standards, 11 July 2014. The latest list of Machinery Directive Harmonised Standards was published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJ) on 11 July 2014. Compliance with Product Safety Standards as a Defense to Product Liability Litigation.
Automates Intelligents. La revue en ligne n° 79. Index. Robotique. Www.entreprises.gouv.fr/files/files/directions_services/secteurs-professionnels/industrie/robotique/france-robots-initiatives.pdf. News and Events : CORDIS Express: Robots come of age! Glassbeam SCALAR - analysis of the internet of things. Internet of things: Poised to be a security headache? Connected devices have huge security holes. Security and the Internet of Things. Will artificial intelligence turn on us: Robots are nothing like humans and that’s what makes them so terrifying. Could TARS From 'Interstellar' Actually Exist? We Asked Science.
TARS, the Interstellar robot, should be the future of artificial intelligence. The Co-Robots In 'Interstellar' Are Gorgeous. The Future of Civilian Robotics. Implementation and integration of advanced Robotic systems and intelligent environments in real scenarios for the ageing population. World-Changing Ideas Summit 2014: Robots everywhere! iWonder - How the world came to be run by computer code. How to invest in the robot revolution. AMA Adopts Policy Supporting the Coverage of and Reimbursement for Telemedicine. The Big Question: Which industries will robotics likely disrupt? MIT's Augmented Reality Room Shows What Robots Are Thinking. How to train a robot: Can we teach robots right from wrong? Accueil. Robotics for all. How to train a robot: Can we teach robots right from wrong? Deceptive robots hint at machine self-awareness - tech - 22 September 2010.
Teaching Robots to Lie, Cheat, and Deceive. Researchers give robots the capability for deceptive behavior. How Should We Program Computers to Deceive? Perjurers and fake reviews train software to spot lies - tech - 07 March 2014. Autonomous Robots Blog. Cycorp AI. What if Google Fails at Robotics? Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series. South Korean Robot Ethics Charter 2012. Robots of death, robots of love: The reality of android soldiers and why laws for robots are doomed to failure - Feature. 31985L0374. Norway's 'killer robot' technology under fire. Les robots tueurs suscitent l'inquiétude en Norvège. Caring robots get the green light (2014-02-19) Principles of robotics - Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.
Lafabrique. Plus ou moins de vies, par Stéphane-Samuel Pourtalès. How Humans Respond to Robots: Building Public Policy through Good Design. Privacy in English law. Right to privacy - Law and Government. Droit à l'image et droit de l'image. Droit à l'image et droit de l'image. The Project. Socially intelligent robots: dimensions of human–robot interaction. Un robot entre deux pages. Vidéo > Changez de visage en un clic avec Omote. Danish robot reduces cost, optimizes production at precision engineering company. European Robotics Association. SRA2020_SPARC.pdf. Emotional Intelligence and High Potential [Lawyers] Employees: Out With the “Old Way” and In With the “New Way”- Use the EQ-i[2.0] Emotional Intelligence Assessment to Unlock the [Legal] Talent Vault and Select Who Shall Lead - Psycholawlogy.