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SAGE Journals.

Journal of Learning Disabilities

The Neuroscientist. A Combined Treatment Approach for Adults With ADHD—Results of an Open Study of 43 Patients. Acquired Alexia With Agraphia Syndrome in Childhood. A Dissociation Between Linguistic and Communicative Abilities in the Human Brain. Assessing everyday memory in patients with perceptual deficits. Attention-Deficit Disorders and Epilepsy in Childhood: Incidence, Causative Relations and Treatment Possibilities.

Rami Kaufmann, MD Hadassa Goldberg-Stern, MD Avinoam Shuper, MD At least 20% of children with epilepsy have clinical attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to 3% to 7% of the general pediatric population.

Attention-Deficit Disorders and Epilepsy in Childhood: Incidence, Causative Relations and Treatment Possibilities

Several mechanisms may account for the high prevalence, such as a common genetic propensity, noradrenergic system dysregulation, subclinical epileptiform discharges, or even seizures, antiepileptic drug effects, and psychosocial factors. At the same time, children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder have a higher than normal rate of electroencephalography abnormalities (5.6-30.1% vs. 3.5%). A Dissociation Between Linguistic and Communicative Abilities in the Human Brain. Connectionist Models of Word Reading. Mark S.

Connectionist Models of Word Reading

Seidenberg + Author Affiliations Mark S. Seidenberg, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI 53706; e-mail: seidenberg@wisc.edu. Abstract Connectionist models of word reading attempt to explain the computational mechanisms underlying this important skill. . © 2005 Association for Psychological Science. Doubly Disadvantaged? Bullying Experiences among Disabled Children and Young People in England. Abstract Bullying among school-aged children and adolescents is recognised as an important social problem, and the adverse consequences for victims are well established.

Doubly Disadvantaged? Bullying Experiences among Disabled Children and Young People in England

However, despite growing interest in the socio-demographic profile of victims, there is limited evidence on the relationship between bullying victimisation and childhood disability. This article enhances our understanding of bullying experiences among disabled children in both early and later childhood, drawing on nationally representative longitudinal data from the Millennium Cohort Study and the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. Evidence-based guidelines for treating bipolar disorder: revised second edition—recommendations from the British Association for Psychopharmacology.

GM Goodwin Consensus Group of the British Association for Psychopharmacology Abstract The British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines specify the scope and target of treatment for bipolar disorder.

Evidence-based guidelines for treating bipolar disorder: revised second edition—recommendations from the British Association for Psychopharmacology

The second version, like the first, is based explicitly on the available evidence and presented, like previous Clinical Practice guidelines, as recommendations to aid clinical decision making for practitioners: they may also serve as a source of information for patients and carers. The recommendations are presented together with a more detailed but selective qualitative review of the available evidence. Growing Up with Dyslexia. Interviews with Teenagers and Young Adults Abstract Interviews with 75 teenagers and young adults were performed to investigate how young people with dyslexia experienced school in terms of well-being, educational achievement, self-esteem, peer relations and belief in their future.

Growing Up with Dyslexia

Results from earlier studies suggest that secondary emotional problems are common. The first six grades in school were experienced by the interviewees as full of distress and failure for a majority. Though peer relations were often good, many had experienced bullying. Imaging Brain Development: Benefiting from Individual VariabilityS. Multi-Agent Simulations of the Evolution of Combinatorial Phonology. Orton-Gillingham and Orton-Gillingham—Based Reading Instruction.

A Review of the Literature Abstract Orton-Gillingham (OG) and Orton-Gillingham—based reading instructional programs are commonly implemented reading programs in the United States.

Orton-Gillingham and Orton-Gillingham—Based Reading Instruction

Twelve studies that employed quasi-experimental or experimental designs are reviewed. These studies included elementary students, adolescents, and college students. Of the 12 studies, 5 reported that the OG instruction was more effective than were comparison or control interventions for all measured outcomes, 4 reported that the OG instruction was more effective for at least 1 (but not all) outcomes in comparison to other intervention(s), 2 reported that the alternate instruction was more effective than the OG instruction, and 1 reported no significant differences once covariates were included.

Pathological demand avoidance: Exploring the behavioural profile. Elizabeth O’Nions, MRC Social, Genetic & Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK.

Pathological demand avoidance: Exploring the behavioural profile

Email: elizabeth.onions@kcl.ac.uk Abstract ‘Pathological Demand Avoidance’ is a term increasingly used by practitioners in the United Kingdom. Pathological demand avoidance: Exploring the behavioural profile pdf. Phonology and Access to Chinese Character Meaning. Lingyue Kong⇑ John Xuexin Zhang Address correspondence to Lingyue Kong, International College for Chinese Language Studies, Peking University, China or e-mail (lingyue@pku.edu.cn) One of the central concerns in theories of reading skills is the role of phonology in access to word meaning.

Phonology and Access to Chinese Character Meaning

The present study focused on this issue in Chinese to examine the extent to which phonology affects Chinese character recognition. Two naming experiments were conducted with a phonologically mediated semantic priming paradigm, and the relative frequencies of semantic associates of the targets and their homophones were manipulated systematically. Analyses showed that a semantic associate produced robust priming on target naming at 57- and 250-msec. stimulus onset asynchronies, but only the low frequency homophones of high frequency semantic associates facilitated target naming at a 250-msec. stimulus onset asynchrony. Speed of Language Comprehension is Impaired in ADHD.

The Influence of Family History on Reading Remediation and Reading Skills in Children With Dyslexia. The Predictive Brain State: Asynchrony in Disorders of Attention? The Validity of a Battery of Phonemic and Orthographic Awareness Tasks for Adults With and Without Dyslexia and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. WWW support for nursing students with dyslexia and their tutors.