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Critical thinking is reflective reasoning about beliefs and actions. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] It is a way of deciding whether a claim is always true, sometimes true, partly true, or false. Critical thinking can be traced in Western thought to the Socratic method of Ancient Greece and in the East, to the Buddhist kalama sutta and Abhidharma . Critical thinking is an important component of most professions . It is a part of the formal education process and is increasingly significant as students progress through university to graduate education , although there is debate among educators about its precise meaning and scope. [ 3 ] [ edit ] Definitions
It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference. Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking. Critical thinking can be seen as having two components: 1) a set of information and belief generating and processing skills, and 2) the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior.
To think well is to impose discipline and restraint on our thinking-by means of intellectual standards — in order to raise our thinking to a level of "perfection" or quality that is not natural or likely in undisciplined, spontaneous thought. The dimension of critical thinking least understood is that of "intellectual standards." Most teachers were not taught how to assess thinking through standards; indeed, often the thinking of teachers themselves is very "undisciplined" and reflects a lack of internalized intellectual standards. Question: Could you give me an example?
Semantic Research, Inc. (commonly referred to as Semantic Research or simply Semantic , and not to be confused with Symantec ), incorporated in 2001, is a privately held software company headquartered in San Diego , California . The company manufactures and sells software for creating, viewing, storing and sharing of knowledge structures . [ 1 ] [ edit ] Software platform
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