It is primarily used in the field of education, and not in psychology (it does not refer to a theory of thinking). The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking (a non-profit organisation based in Canada) defines critical thinking as the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. Etymology One sense of the term critical means crucial; a second sense derives from κριτικός (kritikos), which means discerning judgment.
Defining Critical Thinking. It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference.
Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking. Critical thinking can be seen as having two components: 1) a set of information and belief generating and processing skills, and 2) the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior. Critical Thinking: Basic Questions & Answers. To think well is to impose discipline and restraint on our thinking-by means of intellectual standards — in order to raise our thinking to a level of "perfection" or quality that is not natural or likely in undisciplined, spontaneous thought.
The dimension of critical thinking least understood is that of "intellectual standards. " Most teachers were not taught how to assess thinking through standards; indeed, often the thinking of teachers themselves is very "undisciplined" and reflects a lack of internalized intellectual standards. Question: Could you give me an example? Comment on, edit, and fill PDF files, Word documents, images and more. First IPCC Report.pdf. Semantic Research. Semantic Research, Inc.
(commonly referred to as Semantic Research or simply Semantic, and not to be confused with Symantec), incorporated in 2001, is a privately held software company headquartered in San Diego, California. The company manufactures and sells software for creating, viewing, storing and sharing of knowledge structures. Software platform Semantic Research. Debategraph. Debategraph is a web-based, collaborative idea visualization tool, focusing on complex public policy issues.
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