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Referencing Tools

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Mendeley. Mendeley is a desktop and web program for managing and sharing research papers,[2] discovering research data and collaborating online.


It combines Mendeley Desktop, a PDF and reference management application (available for Windows, Mac and Linux) with Mendeley Web, an online social network for researchers.[3][4][5] Also, Mendeley provides apps on Iphone and iPad which are free apps to install. Ipad and Iphone apps announced in Sep 23, 2013. Mendeley requires the user to store all basic citation data on its servers—storing copies of documents is at the user's discretion. KBibTeX. KBibTeX is a reference management software primarily for BibTeX which is typically used in conjunction with TeX/LaTeX.


Beyond normal editing capabilities, KBibTeX offers features such as searching and importing new references from Google Scholar or BibSonomy. KBibTeX is written using the KDE framework, but is not part of the official KDE Software Compilation or KOffice. There exist two versions of KDE: The original version is using the old KDE3 framework and has been in development since 2004;[1] it is stable for daily use.

The most recent stable release 0.5 is built on KDE4. The developer considers it unnecessary to provide any kind of documentation with the software.[2] Jumper 2.0. ApexKB (formerly Jumper 2.0), is an open source web application script for collaborative search and knowledge management powered by a shared enterprise bookmarking engine that is a fork of KnowledgebasePublisher.[1] It was publicly announced on 29 September 2008.[2] A stable version of Jumper (version was publicly released under the GNU General Public License and made available on Sourceforge on 26 March 2009 as a free software download.[3] Jumper is Enterprise 2.0 software that empowers users to compile and share collaborative bookmarks by crowdsourcing their knowledge, experience and insights using knowledge tags.

Jumper 2.0

Features[edit] Jumper 2.0 is enterprise web-infrastructure for tagging and linking information resources.[5] Jumper 2.0 lets you search and share high-value content, media, or data across remote locations using knowledge tags to capture knowledge about the information in distributed storage. It collects these tags in a tag profile. JabRef. EndNote. EndNote is a commercial reference management software package, used to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays and articles.


It is produced by Thomson Reuters. Features[edit] EndNote groups citations into "libraries" with the file extension *.enl and a corresponding *.data folder. There are several ways to add a reference to a library: manually, exporting, importing, connecting from EndNote. The program presents the user with a window containing a drop-down menu to select the type of reference they require (book, newspaper article, film, congressional legislation, etc.), and fields ranging from the general (author, title, year) to those specific to the kind of reference (ISBN, abstract, reporter's name, running time, etc.)

If the user fills out the necessary fields, EndNote can automatically format the citation into whatever format the user wishes from a list of over two thousand different styles. Citavi. Bebop (software) Bebop (BibTeX Publisher) is a web-based BibTeX front-end that creates a web interface to a list of publications stored in a BibTeX file and allows browsing by author, year, document type, topic and keywords using PHP, Javascript and XML technologies.

Bebop (software)

It can be mainly used by individuals and institutes for self-archiving and creating institutional repositories. It is suited for single source publishing of bibliography information as it uses one single BibTeX file as its database. Therefore no database server (e.g. MySQL) is needed. The BibTeX entries for publications can be annotated with more information by using research area, keywords, abstract, filelink, presentation and poster keys. research area key allows categorization whereas keywords allows tagging of bibliographic entries.

Zotero. Zotero /zoʊˈtɛroʊ/ is free and open-source reference management software to manage bibliographic data and related research materials (such as PDF files).


Notable features include web browser integration, online syncing, generation of in-text citations, footnotes and bibliographies, as well as integration with the word processors Microsoft Word, LibreOffice, Writer and NeoOffice. It is produced by the Center for History and New Media of George Mason University (GMU). History[edit] Zotero 1.0[edit] EndNote lawsuit[edit] The case was dismissed on June 4, 2009 due to a lack of juris­dic­tion.[7] Although the Virginia Supreme Court granted an appeal to Thomson Reuters in this case on December 18, 2009, the appeal was withdrawn on January 11, 2011. Zotero 2.0[edit] WizFolio. RefWorks. Functionality and features[edit] Users' reference databases are stored online, allowing them to be accessed and updated from any computer with an internet connection.


Institutional licenses allow universities to subscribe to RefWorks on behalf of all their students, faculty and staff. Individual licenses are also available. The software enables linking from a user's RefWorks account to electronic editions of journals to which the institution's library subscribes. This linking is accomplished by incorporating an institution's OpenURL resolver. Many bibliographic database providers have implemented the ability to export references directly to RefWorks. A word processor integration utility called Write-N-Cite enables users to insert reference codes from their RefWorks accounts into Microsoft Word documents, which can then be formatted to produce in-text citations and reference lists in various styles.[3] A new version of Write-N-Cite (WNC4) for Mac was released in early 2012.

Papers (software) Papers is reference management software for Mac OS X and Windows,[3] used to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays and articles.

Papers (software)

It is primarily used to organize references and maintain a library of PDF documents and also provides a uniform interface for document repository searches, metadata editing, full screen reading and a variety of ways to import and export documents. Papers was developed by Alexander Griekspoor and Tom Groothuis while studying towards their Ph.D.s at the Netherlands Cancer Institute.[1] Faced with working with hundreds of digital publications in PDF format, the pair worked on Papers to provide an iTunes-like approach to document management.[1] Papers was originally released as a public preview in February 2007, followed by the full 1.0 version a few months later. A new version of the software was released and put for sale in the third quarter of 2013, along with a new iPhone/iPad app. Qiqqa. Qiqqa (pronounced "Quicker") is a freeware and freemium reference management software[1][2] that allows researchers to work with thousands of PDFs.[3] It combines PDF reference management tools, a citation manager and a mind map brainstorming tool.


It integrates with Microsoft Word XP, 2003, 2007 and 2010 and BibTeX/LaTeX to automatically produce citations and bibliographies in thousands of styles. Researchers and research groups can store, synchronize and collaborate on their PDF documents, annotations, tags and comments using the internet cloud-based Qiqqa Web Libraries. History[edit] The development of Qiqqa, based in Cambridge, UK, began in December 2009 and was first released as a public alpha in April 2010. The first version offered PDF management and brainstorming capabilities. Home - academic and research PDF management - Qiqqa.

Comparison of reference management software. The following tables compare reference management software.

Comparison of reference management software

General[edit] In the "notes" section, there is a difference between: Operating system support[edit] In the case of web applications, this describes the server OS. For centrally hosted websites that are proprietary, this is not applicable.