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How Qatar came to host the Taliban. 21 June 2013Last updated at 19:34 ET The Taliban chose Qatar for the office because they saw it as a neutral location After nearly 12 years of bloodshed in Afghanistan, long-awaited peace talks with the Taliban are set to begin.

How Qatar came to host the Taliban

But why and how have these negotiations ended up taking place in the Gulf emirate of Qatar? The BBC World Service's Dawood Azami has this assessment from Doha. Taliban representatives secretly arrived in Qatar about three years ago to talk to Western officials. In March 2012, the Taliban suspended initial talks with the US focused on prisoner exchanges. They wanted the release of five Taliban figures held at Guantanamo Bay in exchange for the freedom of US soldier Sgt Bowe Bergdahl, believed to have been held by the Taliban since 2009. But the number of Taliban representatives and their activities in Qatar have gradually increased.

Those in Qatar represent only the Taliban in Afghanistan, the main insurgent group led by Mullah Mohammed Omar. Shopping encounter. How Qatar came to host the Taliban. Who are the Taliban? 1 November 2013Last updated at 16:50 ET The BBC's John Simpson has this assessment of the different Taliban groups The hardline Islamic Taliban movement has proved to be a formidable fighting force in Afghanistan and a major threat to its government.

Who are the Taliban?

The Taliban also threatens to destabilise Pakistan, where they control areas in the north-west and have been blamed for a wave of suicide bombings and other attacks. Many observers now believe that future peace in Afghanistan can only come if the government in Kabul negotiates with the Taliban. The announcement of Taliban plans to open an office in Qatar in June 2013 was seen as a positive step in those negotiations, but mistrust on both sides remains high. Hopes for peace talks were equally high early in 2012 before the Taliban in Afghanistan announced in a strongly-worded statement in March of that year that they were suspending preliminary peace negotiations with the US.

Austere rule Continue reading the main story Al-Qaeda 'sanctuary' What is jihadism? 10 December 2014Last updated at 19:08 ET A BBC investigation has found that more than 5,000 people around the world died during November as a result of violence caused by al-Qaeda, its offshoots and groups which subscribe to a similar ideology, commonly referred to as "jihadism".

What is jihadism?

What does jihad mean? The word "jihad" is widely used, though often inaccurately, by Western politicians and media. In Arabic, the word means "effort" or "struggle". In Islam, it could be an individual's internal struggle against baser instincts, the struggle to build a good Muslim society, or a war for the faith against unbelievers. BBC Religion: Jihad What is the difference between jihadists and Islamists? Al-Shabab is battling the government in Somalia and is linked to a string of attacks in neighbouring Kenya. Wp-content/uploads/2014/12/ICSR-REPORT-The-New-Jihadism-A-Global-Snapshot.pdf.

« Plus de 80 % des victimes du djihadisme sont des musulmans » ICSR Insight: Up to 11,000 foreign fighters in Syria; steep rise among Western Europeans / ICSR. Up to 11,000 foreign fighters in Syria; steep rise among Western Europeans ** Correction: In an earlier version, we gave a “high end” figure for Switzerland of 8, which should have been 1.

ICSR Insight: Up to 11,000 foreign fighters in Syria; steep rise among Western Europeans / ICSR

Figure 1 has been corrected accordingly. By Aaron Y. Zelin, ICSR Rena and Sami David Fellow – with contributions from other ICSR staff. Comment le djihad recrute de jeunes Européens. LE MONDE | • Mis à jour le | Par Philippe Bernard (Londres, correspondant) Au sixième étage d’un bâtiment universitaire du King’s College, au cœur de Londres, une batterie de chercheurs, penchés sur des écrans d’ordinateurs, entretient des dialogues un peu particuliers par le biais des réseaux sociaux : ils suivent en permanence l’abondante production en ligne des jeunes Européens partis faire le djihad en Syrie ou en Irak et de ceux qui rêvent de les suivre.

Comment le djihad recrute de jeunes Européens

Avec certains, ils conversent. Le Centre international pour l’étude de la radicalisation (ICSR), créé en 2008, s’est fait une spécialité d’analyser la montée de l’islamisme sous toutes ses formes et, en particulier, les mécanismes de l’engagement de ressortissants des pays occidentaux dans le djihadisme. Son directeur, le politologue Peter Neumann publiait, jeudi 11 décembre, la première étude consacrée au coût humain du djihadisme mondial, dont il a confié l’exclusivité française au Monde.

Malaise identitaire M. Jihadism: Tracking a month of deadly attacks.