Genetics and Evolution
by Gene Callahan “This [is] an objection to evolutionary epistemology in all of its forms—that there is no reason whatever for supposing that the web of belief which has emerged via natural and cultural evolution mirrors nature or tracks reality. It will do so, according to evolutionary theory itself, only in so far as such mirroring or tracking enhances survival chances. Evolutionary Epistemology
Biblical fever = influenza. You're kidding me, right? : Aetiology Via Bob O’H and Cath Ennis comes this truly bizarre article from the Virology Journal: “Influenza or not influenza: Analysis of a case of high fever that happened 2000 years ago in Biblical time”. Now, regular readers will know that I normally love this type of thing; digging back through history to look at Lincoln’s smallpox ; Cholera in Victorian London ; potential causes of the Plague of Athens , the origin of syphilis , or whether Yersinia pestis really caused the Black Plague . I’ve even written a bit about the history of influenza .
The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution (9780195079517): Stuart A. Kauffman:… "Biology is the science of the organizational principles that make living things living. Kauffman's book is a massive attempt to provide the foundations for a theory of such organization. . .The book is as much an explication of a specific style of scientific thinking as it is a book on adaptation, the origin of life, and ontogeny. The style of thinking can be characterized by the assumption that there are deep and simple conceptual structures that will allow us to understand life and not merely describe it. . .I hope that Kauffman's book will be a strong stimulus for many scientists to search actively for the principles that govern the organization of living states of matter."
The line between the consumers and producers of commercial objects is increasingly becoming blurred in the 21st century. As an economic imperative for consumer participation is quickly emerging, more than ever before businesses are turning to consumers to guide their creative decisions. Crucially this could begin to have a significant impact on the way that cities and their commercial architecture is designed and evaluated, through the promotion of consumers as direct, collective decision makers. Referring to key economic theorists; the work of contemporary architectural practitioners; while additionally including first hand interaction with one of the world’s most successful prosumption communities, this essay attempts to construct an argument for the value of consumer involvement in the active design of 21st century commercial architecture.
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