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Global Warming

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Kids Corner. Welcome Kids!

Kids Corner

The C2ES Kids Corner is designed to help you understand how and why our climate is changing, how climate change affects us, and what people can do to slow climate change and prepare for it. EEK! -Global Warming is Hot Stuff! Global warming is a hot topic (no pun intended).

EEK! -Global Warming is Hot Stuff!

The Earth is warming up. While that may be hard to believe in the middle of a Wisconsin winter, if it's true it could mean big changes for our planet. For more info on this topic, browse on! A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change. Global Warming Facts, Causes and Effects of Climate Change. Q: What is global warming?

Global Warming Facts, Causes and Effects of Climate Change

A: Here's a simple definition of global warming. (And yes, it's really happening.) Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. And experts see the trend is accelerating: All but one of the 16 hottest years in NASA’s 134-year record have occurred since 2000. Climate change deniers have argued that there has been a “pause” or a “slowdown” in rising global temperatures, but several recent studies, including a 2015 paper published in the journal Science, have disproved this claim. Q: What causes global warming? A: Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants and greenhouse gasses collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off the earth’s surface.

In the United States, the burning of fossil fuels to make electricity is the largest source of heat-trapping pollution, producing about two billion tons of CO2 every year. A: We’ve started. Arctic Ice Loss. It’s all over the news: the Earth’s Arctic Region is losing more and more sea ice each and every year – here’s why.

Arctic Ice Loss

Arctic Ice Loss Not So Hot The Earth’s temperature is rising. Just a bit, but every single degree makes a big difference when it comes to our planet. Increased emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are trapping more of the sun’s heat. Global Warming Effects and Causes: A Top 10 List. June 7th, 2009 by Derek Markham.

Global Warming Effects and Causes: A Top 10 List

Global warming and melting sea ice risk wiping out Antarctic's Emperor penguins. By Daily Mail Reporter Published: 12:59 GMT, 20 June 2012 | Updated: 13:16 GMT, 20 June 2012 Under threat: Global warming risks destroying the sea ice on which Emperor penguins raise their young The Emperor penguin's future is looking bleak if global temperatures continue to rise and melt sea ice, scientists have warned.

Global warming and melting sea ice risk wiping out Antarctic's Emperor penguins

At nearly four feet tall, Antarctica's largest sea bird became a global icon thanks to films like March of the Penguins and Happy Feet, but if temperatures continue to rise, it faces extinction. Unlike other sea birds, Emperor penguins breed and raise their young almost exclusively on sea ice - if the ice breaks up and disappears early into the breeding season, massive breeding failure will occur. Climate Change 101. Climate change occurs as increased amounts of gases in the atmosphere allow the sun’s light to reach the Earth, but trap its heat radiating back from the surface.

Climate Change 101

Because the effect is similar to the way that the inside of a car or a greenhouse heats up on a sunny day, these gases are sometimes referred to as “greenhouse gases.” The most important greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide, emitted by the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests. The biggest effect of this greenhouse gas pollution is the warming of the planet. The average temperature of the globe has risen 1.3 degrees F since the turn of the last century. After decades of conclusive scientific research, we know now that the effect of human-caused emissions on the climate is unmistakable — the changes we have seen in this time period are far beyond what a natural climate shift would produce. Already, climate change is causing plenty of problems for people. How does global warming affect animals?

There is no doubt whatsoever that global warming is affecting the whole planet.

How does global warming affect animals?

Climate change is forcing every living creature on our planet to adapt to climate change. As the global warming impact becomes stronger and stronger, animals find it more and more difficult to adapt. And the worst thing is that this is only a start of something that will become much worse in years to come. Changed weather conditions and more frequent extreme weather events will cause many animals to go extinct.

Many people mostly connect global warming with ice melting and polar bears. Many scientists believe how global warming will not have the worst impact on animals that live in polar regions but on the ones that live in tropics. Adaptation to new climate conditions will mean the difference between survival and extinction for many animal species. Global warming currently isn't No.1 problem mostly responsible for so many endangered animals around the globe. Sea Temperature Rise. As climate change has warmed the Earth, oceans have responded more slowly than land environments.

Sea Temperature Rise

But scientific research is finding that marine ecosystems can be far more sensitive to even the most modest temperature change. Global warming caused by human activities that emit heat-trapping carbon dioxide has raised the average global temperature by about 1°F (0.6°C) over the past century. In the oceans, this change has only been about 0.18°F (0.1°C). This warming has occurred from the surface to a depth of about 2,300 feet (700 meters), where most marine life thrives. Perhaps the ocean organism most vulnerable to temperature change is coral.

Other organisms affected by temperature change include krill, an extremely important link at the base of the food chain. Higher Sea Levels When water heats up, it expands. Stronger Storms These stronger storms can increase damage to human structures when they make landfall. Other Consequences Will It Continue?