'Sexual depravity' of penguins that Antarctic scientist dared not reveal | World news | The Observer It was the sight of a young male Adélie penguin attempting to have sex with a dead female that particularly unnerved George Murray Levick, a scientist with the 1910-13 Scott Antarctic Expedition. No such observation had ever been recorded before, as far as he knew, and Levick, a typical Edwardian Englishman, was horrified. Blizzards and freezing cold were one thing.
Operation Nifty Package was a United States Navy SEALs-operated plan conducted in 1989 designed to capture Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega. When Noriega took refuge in the Holy See Apostolic Nuncio (diplomatic quarter), deafening music and other psychological warfare were used to convince him to exit and surrender himself. The United States claimed that after ten days of psychological harassment, Papal ambassador Monsignor Laboa had threatened to revoke Noriega's sanctuary if he didn't surrender to the United States, although Laboa insisted that he had made no threats of revoking the right of asylum under the Church, but had used his own "precisely calibrated psychological campaign" to force Noriega's departure. Military execution Executed in the starting hours of Operation Just Cause, this operation was handled by SEAL Team 4. Consisting of 48 U.S. Operation Nifty Package
The "Dokkōdō" [ (Japanese: 独行道?); "The Path of Aloneness", "The Way to Go Forth Alone", or "The Way of Walking Alone"] is a short work written by Miyamoto Musashi (宮本 武蔵) a week before he died in 1645. It consists of either nineteen or twenty-one precepts; precepts 4 and 20 are omitted from the former version. "Dokkodo" was largely composed on the occasion of Musashi giving away his possessions in preparation for death, and was dedicated to his favorite disciple, Terao Magonojō (to whom the earlier Go rin no sho [The Book of Five Rings] had also been dedicated), who took them to heart. "Dokkōdō" expresses a stringent, honest, and ascetic view of life.
Millennium Prize Problems The Millennium Prize Problems are seven problems in mathematics that were stated by the Clay Mathematics Institute in 2000. As of July 2013, six of the problems remain unsolved. A correct solution to any of the problems results in a US$1,000,000 prize (sometimes called a Millennium Prize) being awarded by the institute. The Poincaré conjecture, the only Millennium Prize Problem to be solved so far, was solved by Grigori Perelman, but he declined the award in 2010. Problems
The Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, and Church of the East have sometimes used the term "transubstantiation" (metousiosis); however, terms such as "divine mystery", "trans-elementation" (μεταστοιχείωσις metastoicheiosis), "re-ordination" (μεταρρύθμισις metarrhythmisis), or simply "change" (μεταβολή) are more common among them and they consider the change from bread and wine to flesh and blood a "Mystery". History Transubstantiation
Leonardo da Vinci is regarded as a "Renaissance man" and is one of the most recognizable polymaths A polymath (Greek: πολυμαθής, polymathēs, "having learned much") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas; such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems. The term was first used in the seventeenth century but the related term, polyhistor, is an ancient term with similar meaning. The term is often applied to great thinkers of the Renaissance and Golden Age of Islam, who excelled at multiple fields of the arts and science, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo Galilei, Paolo Sarpi, Nicolaus Copernicus, Francis Bacon, Michael Servetus, Ibn al-Haytham, Ibn Sina, and Omar Khayyám. These thinkers embodied a notion that emerged in Renaissance Italy and that was expressed by one of its most accomplished representatives, Leon Battista Alberti (1404–1472), that "a man can do all things if he will.
Tyche (English /ˈtaɪki/; from Greek: Τύχη, meaning "luck"; Roman equivalent: Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. She is the daughter of Aphrodite and Zeus or Hermes. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities venerated their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city). Tyche
Mickey Finn (drugs) In slang, a Mickey Finn (or simply Mickey) is a drink laced with a drug (especially chloral hydrate) given to someone without their knowledge in order to incapacitate them. Serving someone a Mickey is most commonly referred to as slipping one a mickey, sometimes spelled "slipping one a mickie". The first popular account of Mickey Finn was given by Herbert Asbury in his 1940 book Gem of the Prairie: An Informal History of the Chicago Underworld. His cited sources are Chicago newspapers and the 1903 court testimony of Lone Star prostitute "Gold Tooth" Mary Thornton. Before his days as a saloon proprietor, Mickey Finn was known as a pickpocket and thief who often preyed on drunken bar patrons. The act of serving a Mickey Finn Special was a coordinated robbery orchestrated by Finn.
Quorum sensing Quorum sensing is a system of stimulus and response correlated to population density. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local population. In similar fashion, some social insects use quorum sensing to determine where to nest. In addition to its function in biological systems, quorum sensing has several useful applications for computing and robotics.
Etruscan shrew The Etruscan shrew (Suncus etruscus), also known as the Etruscan pygmy shrew or the white-toothed pygmy shrew is the smallest known mammal by mass, weighing only about 1.8 grams (0.063 oz) on average (The bumblebee bat is regarded as the smallest mammal by skull size). The Etruscan shrew has a body length of about 4 centimetres (1.6 in) excluding the tail. It is characterized by very rapid movements and a fast metabolism, eating about 1.5–2 times its own body weight per day. It feeds on various small vertebrates and invertebrates, mostly insects, and can hunt individuals of the same size as itself. These shrews prefer warm and damp climates and are widely distributed in the belt between 10° and 30°N latitude stretching from Europe and North Africa up to Malaysia.
Die Steppenraute (Peganum harmala, im deutschen Sprachraum auch Harmalkraut, Syrische Steppenraute, Harmelraute) ist eine Pflanzenart innerhalb der Familie der Nitrariaceae. Sie kommt vor allem in Wüsten, Halbwüsten und Steppen von Westasien bis Nordindien vor, gelegentlich aber auch im Mittelmeerraum vor. Wegen der in der gesamten Pflanze enthaltenen Harman-Alkaloide sind Extrakte daraus mit die ältesten als Halluzinogen und als Heilmittel eingesetzten Pflanzeninhaltsstoffe. Beschreibung[Bearbeiten] Die Steppenraute ist eine buschige Staude, die bis 80–100 cm hoch wächst, mit unregelmäßigen, fiederspaltigen Blättern; die Wurzeln sind kurz. Von April bis Mai trägt sie kleine weiße Blüten, woraus kegelförmige Früchte entstehen, die braune, eckige Samen enthalten. Steppenraute
Nihilism is also a characteristic that has been ascribed to time periods: for example, Jean Baudrillard and others have called postmodernity a nihilistic epoch, and some Christian theologians and figures of religious authority have asserted that postmodernity and many aspects of modernity represent a rejection of theism, and that such rejection of their theistic doctrine entails nihilism. Forms of nihilism Nihilism has many definitions and is thus used to describe philosophical positions which are arguably independent. 
List of World Health Organization Essential Medicines The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines is a list of essential medicines created by the World Health Organization (WHO). The list was first published in 1977 and included 204 pharmaceuticals. Every two years, the list is updated. Since 2007, a particular list for children up to 12 years (WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children) has been released. The 18th edition for adults and the fourth edition for children were released in April 2013. The following list is based on the 18th edition (with amendments from October 2013).
No New York No New York is a compilation album released in 1978 by Antilles Records under the curation of producer Brian Eno. Although it only contained songs by four different artists, it is considered by many to be the definitive single album documenting New York City's late-1970s no wave movement. Background and production When Eno recorded No New York, some of the sessions were done without much of the stylized production he was known for on other artists' albums. James Chance stated that the Contortions tracks were "done totally live in the studio, no separation between the instruments, no overdubs, just like a document.
Die Ochrana (russisch охрана oder auch in der Verkleinerungsform Ochranka) war der inoffizielle Oberbegriff für die verschiedenen Geheimdienste und die Geheimpolizei im zaristischen Russland. Die offizielle Bezeichnung dafür lautete Ochrannoje otdelenie (Охранное отделение, deutsch: „Sicherheitsabteilung“). Sie wurde 1881 von Zar Alexander III. gegründet und unterstand dem Innenministerium. Sie ging aus der Dritten Abteilung der eigenen Kanzlei seiner Kaiserlichen Majestät hervor, die 1826 von Zar Nikolaus I. nach dem Dekabristenaufstand eingerichtet worden war. Diese Abteilung nahm bereits die Aufgaben einer politischen Geheimpolizei wahr. Auch Oberst Redl arbeitete mit der Ochrana zusammen und verriet wichtige Einsatzpläne des österreich-ungarischen Militärs an Russland. Ochrana
Deus ex machina