Hinduism. Sacred-texts home Journal Articles: Hinduism OCRT: Hinduism Buy CD-ROM Buy books about Hinduism Vedas Upanishads Puranas Other Primary Texts Epics Mahabharata Ramayana Bhagavad Gita Vedanta Later texts Modern books.
The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln. Nicolay Copy Named for John G.
Nicolay, President Lincoln's personal secretary, this is considered the "first draft" of the speech, begun in Washington on White house stationery. The second page is writen on different paper stock, indicating it was finished in Gettysburg before the cemetery dedication began. Lincoln gave this draft to Nicolay, who went to Gettysburg with Lincoln and witnessed the speech. Book of Jubilees Index. Sacred Texts Bible Apocrypha Contents Start Reading The Book of Jubilees, probably written in the 2nd century B.C.E., is an account of the Biblical history of the world from creation to Moses.
It is divided into periods ('Jubilees') of 49 years. For the most part the narrative follows the familiar account in Genesis, but with some additional details such as the names of Adam and Eve's daughters, and an active role for a demonic entity called 'Mastema'. The anonymous author had a preoccupation with calendar reform, and uses Jubilees as a platform for proposing a solar calendar of 364 days and 12 months; this would have been a radical departure from the Jewish Calendar, which is lunar-based. The only complete version of Jubilees is in Ethiopian, although large fragments in Greek, Latin and Syriac are also known. --John Bruno Hare, July 22, 2004 Title PageEditors' Preface Introduction. History & Overview of the Maccabees. The death of Alexander the Great of Greece in 323 BCE led to the breakup of the Greek empire as three of his generals fought for supremacy and divided the Middle East among themselves.
Ptolemy secured control of Egypt and the Land of Israel. Seleucus grabbed Syria and Asia Minor, and Antigonus took Greece. The Land of Israel was thus sandwiched between two of the rivals and, for the next 125 years, Seleucids and Ptolemies battled for this prize. The former finally won in 198 B.C. when Antiochus III defeated the Egyptians and incorporated Judea into his empire. Initially, he continued to allow the Jews autonomy, but after a stinging defeat at the hands of the Romans he began a program of Hellenization that threatened to force the Jews to abandon their monotheism for the Greeks' paganism. The BHAGAVAD-GITA in English. The Book of Job. Ancient Documents: Resources - Bible History Online. Eog. Charters of Freedom - The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution, The Bill of Rights.
Full text of "The Sermon on the Mount" Interpolation (manuscripts) An interpolation, in relation to literature and especially ancient manuscripts, is an entry or passage in a text that was not written by the original author.
As there are often several generations of copies between an extant copy of an ancient text and the original, each handwritten by different scribes, there is a natural tendency for extraneous material to be inserted into such documents over time. Interpolations originally may be inserted as an authentic explanatory note (for example, [sic]), but may also be included for fraudulent purposes. The forged passages and works attributed to the Pseudo-Isidore are an example of the latter. Similarly, the letters of Ignatius of Antioch were interpolated by Apollinarian heretics, three centuries after the originals were written. Charters and legal texts are also subject to forgery of this kind. However, most interpolations result from the errors and inaccuracies which tend to arise during handcopying, especially over long periods of time. Internet Sacred Text Archive Home. Art of War by SunTzu [SunZi] -English Hypertext. Translated from the Chinese By LIONEL GILES, M.A. (1910) [This is the basic text of Sun Tzu on the Art of War.
It was extracted from Mr. Giles' complete work as titled above. The commentary itself, which, of course includes this work embedded within it, has been released as suntzu10.txt (or suntzu10.zip). This is being released only as an adjunct to that work, which contains a wealth of commentary upon this text.] The Art of War has 13 chapters. Each chapter is hyper-linked to its corresponding Chinese text.