background preloader

Positive Psychology

Facebook Twitter

Paintings That Will Make You Question Everything Wrong in This World. August 11, 2014 in Art, artist, Painting Pawel Kuczynski is a Polish artist who specialises in images that make you think hard about the world we live in.

Paintings That Will Make You Question Everything Wrong in This World

The Good Project: Ideas and Tools for a Good Life. The Aesthetics of Punk Rock - Prinz - 2014 - Philosophy Compass. A Liberal Decalogue: Bertrand Russell’s 10 Commandments of Teaching. Montaigne and the Double Meaning of Meditation. The Baloney Detection Kit: Carl Sagan’s Rules for Bullshit-Busting and Critical Thinking. Carl Sagan was many things — a cosmic sage, voracious reader, hopeless romantic, and brilliant philosopher.

The Baloney Detection Kit: Carl Sagan’s Rules for Bullshit-Busting and Critical Thinking

But above all, he endures as our era’s greatest patron saint of reason and common sense, a master of the vital balance between skepticism and openness. In The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (public library) — the same indispensable volume that gave us Sagan’s timeless meditation on science and spirituality, published mere months before his death in 1996 — Sagan shares his secret to upholding the rites of reason, even in the face of society’s most shameless untruths and outrageous propaganda. Be Like Water: The Philosophy and Origin of Bruce Lee’s Famous Metaphor for Resilience. Periodic Table of Storytelling. The Science of Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing. BPS Research Digest: We're happier when we chat to strangers, but our instinct is to ignore them.

12 Keys to a Mental Health Revolution. + First, I would want the very ideas of “mental disorder” and “mental disease” questioned and a new picture painted of distress occurring as a result of being human and because of problems in living and not because of mental viruses and chemical imbalances. + Second, if this shift can be made from “mental disorder” to “problems of living,” then we might be able to also make a change in our thinking from “medications used to treat mental illness” to “chemicals with effects that may or may not produce an effect you want to handle one of your problems with living.”

12 Keys to a Mental Health Revolution

I would want fewer human beings on these chemicals, especially far fewer children. + Third, I would want all that we do not know much more honored, so that we can finally really get at, insofar as it is possible to do so, cause-and-effect in human matters and a better sense of what actually helps. 1. 2. . + “Because your id impulses are so strong, your punitive super-ego is working overtime and treating you very harshly. 3. 4. A Guide for the Perplexed: Mapping the Meaning of Life and the Four Levels of Being. By Maria Popova How to harness the uniquely human power of “consciousness recoiling upon itself.”

A Guide for the Perplexed: Mapping the Meaning of Life and the Four Levels of Being

“Never to get lost is not to live, not to know how to get lost brings you to destruction,” Rebecca Solnit wrote in her sublime meditation on how the art of getting lost helps us find ourselves, “and somewhere in the terra incognita in between lies a life of discovery.” But the maps we use to navigate that terra incognita — maps bequeathed to us by the dominant beliefs and standards of our culture — can often lead us further from ourselves rather than closer, leaving us discombobulated rather than oriented toward the true north of our true inner compass.

A decade after his influential meditation on “Buddhist economics,” British economic theorist and philosopher E.F. The Bridge From Nowhere - Issue 16: Nothingness. The question of being is the darkest in all philosophy.”

The Bridge From Nowhere - Issue 16: Nothingness

So concluded William James in thinking about that most basic of riddles: how did something come from nothing? The question infuriates, James realized, because it demands an explanation while denying the very possibility of explanation. “From nothing to being there is no logical bridge,” he wrote. In science, explanations are built of cause and effect. But if nothing is truly nothing, it lacks the power to cause. This failure hits us where it hurts. Top 10 Mistakes in Making Behavioral Changes (and their solutions) Do you want to create irresistible habits that lead to a healthy, happy and long life?

Top 10 Mistakes in Making Behavioral Changes (and their solutions)

Sustaining long-term, positive habits is beyond frustrating for many people because they sabotage their success, sooner or later. According to Stanford researcher BJ Fogg, the key to success with positive habits lies in establishing desired behaviors according to easy principles that work, while avoiding the top mistakes most people make. Stanford researcher BJ Fogg has a lot to smile about. He’s helping thousands create positive habits. Fogg is Founder of the immensely popular system called Tiny Habits, which has been the focus of much research and publicity. BPS Research Digest: It's time for Western psychology to recognise that many individuals, and even entire cultures, fear happiness.

It's become a mantra of the modern Western world that the ultimate aim of life is to achieve happiness.

BPS Research Digest: It's time for Western psychology to recognise that many individuals, and even entire cultures, fear happiness

Self-help blog posts on how to be happy are almost guaranteed popularity (the Digest has its own!). Pro-happiness organisations have appeared, such as Action for Happiness, which aims to "create a happier society for everyone. " Topping it all, an increasing number of governments, including in the UK, have started measuring national well-being (seen as a proxy for "happiness") - the argument being that this a potentially more important policy outcome than economic prosperity. But hang on a minute, say Moshen Joshanloo and Dan Weijers writing in the Journal of Happiness Studies - not everyone wants to be happy. In fact, they point out that many people, including in Western cultures, deliberately dampen their positive moods. Meta-analysis supports the use of mindfulness for depression. Mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) have been the focus of a number of recent Mental Elf blogs.

Meta-analysis supports the use of mindfulness for depression

Elves have discussed the use of this potential “panacea treatment” to treat anxiety disorders, depression, stress, psychosis, schizophrenia, breast cancer and most recently eating disorders. The evidence is mixed and not compelling for all of these conditions, but it’s clearly a very promising treatment that is getting a lot of coverage and research funding. In the UK, mindfulness is only recommended by NICE for the treatment of relapse prevention in recurrent depression, but that recommendation comes from a guideline now 5 years old (NICE, 2009). The Great Philosophers 3: Epicurus. The Ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus was born in 341 BC, on the island of Samos, a few miles off the coast of modern Turkey.

The Great Philosophers 3: Epicurus

He had an unusually long beard, wrote over three hundred books and was one of the most famous philosophers of his age. How love stories ruin our love lives. It sounds strange to ask what a novel might be for.

How love stories ruin our love lives

We tend not to wonder too much what role made-up stories should have in our lives. What do the things that turn us on mean? A brief theory of sexual excitement. The things that get us (and others) sexually excited can often sound rather improbable and mysterious. On the face of it, Wellington boots, a heavy knit fisherman’s jumper or a car park seem unconnected to sane erotic satisfaction. And yet we know perfectly well that things like these can feel essential to sex. © Getty The surface improbability of the elements that incite lust is not merely a fascinating feature of the human condition. Rethink the way we run charities: A useful reading list.

Dan Pallotta has an unconventional view of nonprofits: To innovate and really make an impact, he thinks they should function with business-minded acumen. Says Pallotta (TED Talk: The way we think about charity is dead wrong), “You want to make $50 million selling violent video games to kids, go for it. We’ll put you on the cover of Wired magazine. The Great Philosophers 2: The Stoics. ‘Stoicism’ was a philosophy that flourished for some 400 years in Ancient Greece and Rome, gaining widespread support among all classes of society.

It had one overwhelming and highly practical ambition: to teach people how to be calm and brave in the face of overwhelming anxiety and pain. We still honour this school whenever we call someone ‘stoic’ or plain ‘philosophical’ when fate turns against them: when they lose their keys, are humiliated at work, rejected in love or disgraced in society. Of all philosophies, Stoicism remains perhaps the most immediately relevant and useful for our uncertain and panicky times. Many hundreds of philosophers practiced Stoicism but two figures stand out as our best guides to it: the Roman politician, writer and tutor to Nero, Seneca [AD 4-65]; and the kind and magnanimous Roman Emperor (who philosophised in his spare time while fighting the Germanic hordes on the edges of the Empire), Marcus Aurelius [AD 121 to 180]. 1. 2. 3.

SonjaLyubomirsky.com.