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Who Owns Implicit Attitudes? Testing a Metacognitive Perspective. Erin Cooley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Davie Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Who Owns Implicit Attitudes? Testing a Metacognitive Perspective

Email: Abstract. Imagination, reality flow in opposite directions in the brain. As real as that daydream may seem, its path through your brain runs opposite reality.

Imagination, reality flow in opposite directions in the brain

Aiming to discern discrete neural circuits, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have tracked electrical activity in the brains of people who alternately imagined scenes or watched videos. "A really important problem in brain research is understanding how different parts of the brain are functionally connected. The Inherence Heuristic as a Source of Essentialist Thought. Abstract Humans are essentialists: They believe hidden “essences” underlie membership in natural and social kinds.

The Inherence Heuristic as a Source of Essentialist Thought

How Culture Shapes Our Senses. Photo FLORENCE, Italy — WE think of our senses as hard-wired gateways to the world.

How Culture Shapes Our Senses

Self-Deceived Individuals Are Better at Deceiving Others. Self-deception is widespread in humans even though it can lead to disastrous consequences such as airplane crashes and financial meltdowns.

Self-Deceived Individuals Are Better at Deceiving Others

Why is this potentially harmful trait so common? A controversial theory proposes that self-deception evolved to facilitate the deception of others. To Share, or Not to Share? Examining the Emotional C... [Emotion. 2014] Facial Expression Analysis Recognition. Mind & morality - Peter DeScioli. Opposing effects of oxytocin on moral judgment in males and females - Scheele - 2014 - Human Brain Mapping. Study of dynamic facial expressions suggests there are four basic emotions, not six.

New research suggests that humans recognise facial emotional expressions in a dynamic way.

Study of dynamic facial expressions suggests there are four basic emotions, not six

We search for urgent signals first, before seeking out more nuanced information. The University of Glasgow researchers also argue their data show there are four basic facial expressions of emotion rather than the widely accepted six. Feeling Hopeful Inspires Support for Social Change - Greenaway - 2014 - Political Psychology. Mixed Emotions and Coping: The Benefits of Secondar... [PLoS One. 2014] BPS Research Digest: It's time for Western psychology to recognise that many individuals, and even entire cultures, fear happiness. Baboons' Response Speed Is Biased by Their Moods. The affect-as-information hypothesis (e.g., Schwarz & Clore, 2003), predicts that the positive or negative valence of our mood differentially affects our processing of the details of the environment.

Baboons' Response Speed Is Biased by Their Moods

However, this hypothesis has only been tested with mood induction procedures and fairly complex cognitive tasks in humans. Here, six baboons (Papio papio) living in a social group had free access to a computerized visual search task on which they were over-trained. Trials that immediately followed a spontaneously expressed emotional behavior were analyzed, ruling out possible biases due to induction procedures. The relationship between positive future thinking, brooding, defeat and entrapment. Highlights Positive future thinking (PFT) is an important component of cognitive functioning.

The relationship between positive future thinking, brooding, defeat and entrapment

Impaired PFT is associated with depression, hopelessness and suicidal behaviour. Hume on Is and Ought.

Integrative Complexity

BPS Research Digest: Why do people think suicide is morally wrong? Public surveys show many people view suicide as morally wrong.

BPS Research Digest: Why do people think suicide is morally wrong?

When you ask them why, they usually refer to the harm caused to the deceased's family and friends, and to the victim themselves. Your Brain Is On the Brink of Chaos - Issue 15: Turbulence. In one important way, the recipient of a heart transplant ignores its new organ: Its nervous system usually doesn’t rewire to communicate with it.

Your Brain Is On the Brink of Chaos - Issue 15: Turbulence

The 40,000 neurons controlling a heart operate so perfectly, and are so self-contained, that a heart can be cut out of one body, placed into another, and continue to function perfectly, even in the absence of external control, for a decade or more. This seems necessary: The parts of our nervous system managing our most essential functions behave like a Swiss watch, precisely timed and impervious to perturbations. Chaotic behavior has been throttled out. Your Popular Christian News Site. Some Questions Atheist Cannot Truly and Honestly REALLY Answer! Which leads to some interesting conclusions…

Effect of anger on negotiations depends on cultural context. The expression of anger in negotiations can be an effective strategy, several studies have shown, because it is interpreted by others as a sign of toughness, thus encouraging them to make concessions. However, there's a hefty caveat to this conclusion because those studies were conducted entirely in a Western context. Now Hajo Adam and colleagues have attempted to correct this oversight by studying the effect of anger in negotiations conducted by American students hailing from a Western background and American students with an East Asian ancestry. Secular Global Institute.

The Global Secular Council amplifies the diverse and growing voice of the nontheistic community in the United States and globally. Located in Washington DC, we focus on the political issues where our secular viewpoint and scientific reasoning shed light on laws where religion has had a heavy influence. Our team includes the world’s leading intellectuals, who provide research an opinion on the leading political issues of our day.

We publish and disseminate their research to lawmakers in the form of reports, videos, surveys, demographic studies, and more. While the Global Secular Council was created expressly by and for nontheists, we welcome the participation of religious individuals who share our view that freedom of conscience must extend to people of all faiths and of no faith. Accordingly, our staff works in cooperation with a variety of other organizations and coalitions where common ground exists on specific issues. Troy Jollimore – Godless but good. How to Conceptualize Morality: Near vs Far - Abstract Minutiae.

What do the things that turn us on mean? A brief theory of sexual excitement. Nigel Warburton –Cosmopolitanism. WVS Database. Inglehart-Welzel Culture Map. Introducing the Oxford Vocal (OxVoc) Sounds database: a validated set of non-acted affective sounds from human infants, adults, and domestic animals. Emotion in Marketing: How Our Brains Decide What's Shareable. 13.2K Flares 13.2K Flares × Are we heading for a DIY PhD? This is an op-ed piece I’ve recently written. 21 Emotions For Which There Are No English Words [Infographic] JournalReviewer. Morality, science, and Belgium’s child euthanasia law.

Originally posted on the OUP blog. Reposted with the permission of the author Tony Hope is a Uehiro fellow, Emeritus Professor of Medical Ethics at the University of Oxford and the author of Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction. A normative theory of forgetting: lessons f... [PLoS Comput Biol. 2014] Philosophy: Free Courses Online. Advertisement Get free Philosophy courses from the world’s leading universities. JournalReviewer.