PsycNET - Display Record. Morally ‘Tainted’ Money Seen as Devalued. By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on April 25, 2013 New research finds that morals and conscience play a role in how we view money. In particular, researchers discover that when people perceive money as morally tainted, they also view it as having less value and purchasing power since it was obtained by immoral means. This finding challenges the belief that “all money is green,” and that people will cross ethical boundaries to amass it. In the new study, social scientists from University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford University discovered compelling evidence that the source of wealth really does matter.
In fact, some people avoid ill-gotten gains — such as profits from unfair labor practices or insider trading — for fear of “moral contagion.” The research findings are published in the online issue of the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science. “Money is often believed to separate individuals from their moral values,” Willer said. Humans feel empathy for robots: fMRI scans show similar brain function when robots are treated the same as humans. From the T-101 to Data from Star Trek, humans have been presented with the fictional dilemma of how we empathize with robots. Robots now infiltrate our lives, toys like Furbies or robot vacuum cleaners bring us closer, but how do we really feel about these non-sentient objects on a human level? A recent study by researchers at the University of Duisburg Essen in Germany found that humans have similar brain function when shown images of affection and violence being inflicted on robots and humans.
Astrid Rosenthal-von der Pütten, Nicole Krämer, and Matthias Brand of the University of Duisburg Essen, will present their findings at the 63rd Annual International Communication Association conference in London. Rosenthal-von der Pütten, Krämer and Brand conducted two studies. The second study conducted in collaboration with the Erwin L. A great deal of research in the field of human-robot interaction concentrates on the implementation of emotion models in robotic systems. “A Lot More Bad News for Conservatives, and a Little Bit of Bad News for Liberals? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits: A Follow-up Study” Jonathan Haidt for Democracy Journal: Of Freedom and Fairness. Issue #28, Spring 2013 Jonathan Haidt In 1943, Allied forces achieved a hard-fought victory in the North African campaign, captured Sicily, and began to fight their way up the Italian peninsula.
Victories in places such as El-Alamein, Salerno, and Anzio gave America some confidence that the Allies would ultimately prevail in Europe. That confidence allowed the American public to shift more of its attention to the Pacific Theater. Popular magazines such as National Geographic began to publish more maps and articles about the Pacific because Americans suddenly wanted to know a lot more about Saipan and Leyte Gulf. The same sort of shift is happening now for the left in America’s long-running culture war. From the 1980s until the birth of the Tea Party, most of the action was in the Social Theater, in which the religious right and the secular left waged an existential struggle for the soul of American society. The Six Foundations of Morality I had predicted those cross-national differences.
Jonathan Haidt for Democracy Journal: Of Freedom and Fairness. Issue #28, Spring 2013 Jonathan Haidt In 1943, Allied forces achieved a hard-fought victory in the North African campaign, captured Sicily, and began to fight their way up the Italian peninsula. Victories in places such as El-Alamein, Salerno, and Anzio gave America some confidence that the Allies would ultimately prevail in Europe. That confidence allowed the American public to shift more of its attention to the Pacific Theater. Popular magazines such as National Geographic began to publish more maps and articles about the Pacific because Americans suddenly wanted to know a lot more about Saipan and Leyte Gulf. The same sort of shift is happening now for the left in America’s long-running culture war. Both sides are now likely to shift several divisions and carrier task forces over to the Economic Theater of the culture war, where the single most important battle of 2012 was fought—the battle over marginal tax rates for the rich.
The Six Foundations of Morality The Older Culture War. Nigel Warburton –Cosmopolitanism. Near the opening of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916), James Joyce’s alter ego Stephen Dedalus opens the flyleaf of his geography textbook and examines what he has written there: Stephen Dedalus Class of Elements Clongowes Wood College Sallins County Kildare Ireland Europe The WorldThe Universe Most of us will, no doubt, remember writing a similar extended address as children, following through the logic of this series of ever-larger locations.
The last two entries in Dedalus’s list are, obviously, redundant in any real address. Only an alien sending a postcard home from another universe would think to add them. And yet, as adults, we don’t usually think about much outside our immediate surroundings. Life is bearable in part because we can so easily resist imagining the extent of suffering across the globe. Yet there is a tradition that stretches back to the fourth century BCE that encourages us to see ourselves not as citizens of a state or nation, but of the world. Investigating the actor effect in moral emotion expectancies across cultures: A comparison of Chinese and Canadian adolescents - Krettenauer - 2013 - British Journal of Developmental Psychology.
Family Guy's Stewie is real: Babies share evil genius's mean streak. Stewie Griffin’s hatred of humanity and quest for world domination may not be too far removed from reality. The scheming Family Guy child’s mean streak has been found in real-life babies – minus the array of fiendish devices. Like the animated mastermind, infants as young as nine-months-old pick on – and want to harm – those they perceive as different, a Canadian study has found. A group of 112 babies were offered two choices of food by British Columbia University researchers. Then they sat through a puppet show in which a character harmed, helped or ignored the doll who favoured the other dish. Almost all the devilsh children preferred the puppets who harmed the one with the opposite preference to their own, with one baby kissing the violent toy, the Psychology Science journal reported. The findings reveal babies are constantly assessing their surroundings to determine who their friends and enemies are, said study leader Kiley Hamlin.
Do-gooder or ne'er-do-well? Behavioral science explains patterns of moral behavior. Does good behavior lead to more good behavior? Or do we try to balance our good and bad deeds? The answer depends on our ethical mindset, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. Psychological scientist Gert Cornelissen of the Universitat Pompeu Fabra and colleagues found that people who have an "ends justify the means" mindset are more likely to balance their good and bad deeds, while those who believe that what is right and wrong is a matter of principle are more likely to be consistent in their behavior, even if that behavior is bad.
Existing research is mixed when it comes to explaining how previous behavior affects our current moral conduct. Some researchers find evidence for moral balancing, suggesting that we hover around a moral setpoint. Other researchers have argued for behavioral consistency, suggesting that engaging in an ethical or unethical act leads to more of the same behavior. PsycNET Login. Troy Jollimore – Godless but good. A couple of years ago, the idea of God came up, in an incidental way, in the Contemporary Moral Theory course I teach. I generally try not to reveal my particular beliefs and commitments too early in the semester, but since it was late in the course, I felt I could be open with the students about my lack of religious belief.
I will never forget the horrified look on one student’s face. ‘But Professor Jollimore,’ he stammered, ‘how can you not believe in God? You teach ethics for a living!’ I shouldn’t have been surprised by this reaction. I don’t want to suggest that this attitude is influential only in the US. More than that, I find them perplexing. Moreover, when actual arguments (not just good plain ‘common sense’) are offered against the possibility of secular morality, they tend to be deeply unconvincing.
Neither of these arguments should persuade us. The first argument — that without God, moral opinions would be entirely subjective — is also flawed. Take happiness as an example. Serotonin Modulates Striatal Responses to Fairness and Retaliation in Humans. Overview. We acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data while participants decided whether to punish fair and unfair behavior directed toward themselves in a series of one-shot ultimatum games (UGs).
In the UG, one player (the proposer) suggests a way to split a sum of money with a second player (the responder). If the responder accepts the offer, both players are paid accordingly. If the responder rejects the offer, neither player is paid. Responders tend to reject offers <20–30% of the total stake, despite the fact that such retaliation is costly (Camerer, 2003). During our UG task, participants decided whether to accept or reject UG offers from human proposers and computer proposers (Fig. 1A), and also viewed offers from human proposers in a no-choice condition where subjects were unable to accept or reject (Fig. 1B). Figure 1. Experimental design. UG offers ranged from 20–50% of the shared endowment. Participants. Experimental procedure. ATD manipulation check. Workplace Sexual Harassment: Gender Police Officers and Explaining Why Men Harass Other Men At Work | Psycholawlogy. This post provides you notice about and hopefully some insight into a developing stream of applied social psychological research which in part relates to juror/judge decision-making in the context of employment discrimination.
Gaining knowledge about and developing an understanding about the science of judgments about harassment seems important for organizations and their leaders, managers and workers, and the lawyers who counsel those entities and their people and the victims who deal with discrimination in the workplace, claims, and lawsuits. Men harass other men at work. The harassers’ conduct violates federal law. The targets suffer. The violations cause organizations to experience serious consequences, too. Complaints of same sex harassment appear to be increasing.
In many male same-sex harassment cases, the violations often occur because the victim does not fit gender role stereotypes. The study participants read a summary of the fact pattern from a litigated case. Dan DeFoe. Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of experience vs. memory.
Have human rights hijacked the language of morals? – and other questions: Laws. Lord Justice Laws’ Inaugural Lecture at Northumbria University, 1 November 2012 – read here This is a fascinating and provocative lecture raising important questions about the extent to which the culture of human rights has become the currency of our moral dealings with each other and the State. Adam commented briefly on Laws’ speech here but since it deserves a post of its own I will try to capture its essence and highlight some of its main features here without I hope too many spoilers.
Laws suggests, as Adam mentioned, that rights should properly be the duty of the State to deliver as an aspect of the public interest, not its enemy. The problem is that we have exalted rights beyond their status of public goods (along with health care, defence, education and so on) into primary moral values served to us not by the government but by the courts. Consequently these two institutions are seen to be serving opposite interests.
Will Laws’ call for the “dethronement” of rights be heeded? Human Connectome Project | Relationship Viewer. Note: Warmer colors mean stronger connections and cooler colors mean weaker connections. Press the empty space in the middle of the circle to show all of the connections again after selecting a region of interest. This interactive viewer interprets data from the Connectivity Matrix from the conference publication: Anatomical structural network analysis of human brain using partial correlations of gray matter volumes. Anand A. Joshi, Shantanu H. Abstract: Structural connectivity in human brain has been studied by modeling the statistical dependence between features of cortical regions, such as gray matter thickness. More information about our data can be found on the Data webpage.
Created by the LONI Scientific Visualization Team. Generous economic investments after basolateral amygdala damage. Author Affiliations Edited by Bruce S. McEwen, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, and approved December 14, 2012 (received for review October 9, 2012) Abstract Contemporary economic models hold that instrumental and impulsive behaviors underlie human social decision making. The amygdala is assumed to be involved in social-economic behavior, but its role in human behavior is poorly understood. Footnotes Author contributions: J.v.H. and C.E. designed research; J.v.H., C.E., and B.M. performed research; J.v.H., C.E., and D.T. analyzed data; and J.v.H., C.E., D.T., D.J.S., and B.M. wrote the paper. Wholesome Foods and Wholesome Morals? Organic Foods Reduce Prosocial Behavior and Harshen Moral Judgments Kendall J.
Eskine1⇓ Kendall J. Eskine, Department of Psychological Sciences, Loyola University New Orleans, Box 194, 6363 Saint Charles Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Recent research has revealed that specific tastes can influence moral processing, with sweet tastes inducing prosocial behavior and disgusting tastes harshening moral judgments. Do similar effects apply to different food types (comfort foods, organic foods, etc.)? Article Notes Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
. © The Author(s) 2012. Players of Matching Pennies automatically imitate opponents’ gestures against strong incentives. Author Affiliations Edited by Jose A. Scheinkman, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, and approved December 21, 2012 (received for review June 12, 2012) Abstract There is a large body of evidence of apparently spontaneous mimicry in humans. This phenomenon has been described as “automatic imitation” and attributed to a mirror neuron system, but there is little direct evidence that it is involuntary rather than intentional. Cook et al. supplied the first such evidence in a unique strategic game design that gave all subjects a pecuniary incentive to avoid imitation [Cook R, Bird G, Lünser G, Huck S, Heyes C (2012) Proc Biol Sci 279(1729):780–786]. Footnotes Author contributions: M.B., V.P.C., and C.H. designed research, performed research, analyzed data, and wrote the paper.
Chimpanzees play the ultimatum game. Attributing False Beliefs About Object Identity Reveals a Signature Blind Spot in Humans’ Efficient Mind-Reading System. Politics and the English Language. News in Brief: Brain region associated with selfishness | Body & Brain. Research » Blog Archive. Research » Blog Archive. Dylan Evans – On evolution and inequality.
How Lance Helps Us Avoid Our Temptation to Lie. Psychological Ecology. Bystander Responses to a Violent Incident in an Immersive Virtual Environment. A stopwatch on the brain's perception of time | Science | Guardian Weekly. Training the Will. Rejection of unfair offers in the ultimatum game is no evidence of strong reciprocity. The Taste for Being Moral by Thomas Nagel. Why Your Opinion About Music Can Be Wrong | Moments of Genius. Beveridge report: From 'deserving poor' to 'scroungers'? Blog Archive Classroom Ethics 101 « Kant's Account of Reason. We underestimate the benefits of nature. Answer three 'why' questions: Abstract thinking can make you more politically moderate. Empathy represses analytic thought, and vice versa: Brain physiology limits simultaneous use of both networks. Lab UK - Experiments - Test Your Morality.
Moral licensing & cherry-picking. Young children's moral understanding more sophisticated than previously thought. Testosterone levels are linked to honesty. Being Wrong about Abortion | Against the New Taboo. People make more moral decisions when they think their heart is racing. A Vote for Reason. Why Mental Pictures Can Sway Your Moral Judgment. How to confuse a moral compass. After-birth abortion: why should the baby live? -- Giubilini and Minerva -- Journal of Medical Ethics. Taste buds and 'tude: The food and mood link. Monkeys benefit from reciprocity without the cognitive burden. Oxytocin is not a love drug. Don’t give it to kids with autism. Location of the mind remains a mystery - life - 22 August 2012.
Disgust Sensitivity, Political Conservatism, and Voting. On the Role of Attention and Emotion in Morality. Using yuk! and "unnaturalness" to teach children new morals. Fairness modulates non-conscious facial mimicry in women. This Is Your Brain On Ethics - Really. Wearing two different hats: Moral decisions may depend on the situation. Neuroscientists explore how longstanding conflict influences empathy for others. SPSP 2012: The Year Of Morality Research. Fighting Fire With Fire: Psychology Lessons From Newt. Ten Impressive Psychology Studies from 2011. The Trait Of Humility Predicts Helpfulness. Our mindreading of another person depends on how much skin we see! Is It Harder to be Single at Heart or Single and Wishing to be Coupled? | Single at Heart. Can God and Gratitude Help Your Mental Health? Making Life-Or-Death Moral Choices in a Virtual World. Does the Impact of Positive Emotions Differ Across Cultures? | Adventures in Positive Psychology. Individual Beliefs Lead to Gender Discrimination.
Researchers Discover Fairness Regions of Brain. Effects of oxytocin in humans - a critical review. Moral progress and arguments against the death penalty | The Moral Sciences Club. Cognitive Style Tends To Predict Religious Conviction. Myths about Circumcision You Likely Believe. Why Some People Are Evil. Quantum minds: Why we think like quarks - life - 05 September 2011. Science & Nature - Human Body and Mind - Mind - Morals. A toss of the dice reveals the truth. We Are More Likely to Bribe Than I Am.
'Mirroring' might reflect badly on you. Human brains wired to empathize, study finds. Minority rules: Scientists discover tipping point for the spread of ideas. Research and Markets: Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings. Looks Can Kill – Your Better Judgment. The emerging moral psychology. Researchers Look Around The World For Ingredients Of Happiness. Original Freedom: Individualism and Collectivism are Compatible? Is it Okay to Feel Guilty? From religion to politics: why it matters if we think someone is watching. Changes in brain circuitry play role in moral sensitivity as people grow up. Changes in brain circuitry play role in moral sensitivity as people grow up.
More reasons to be nice: It's less work for everyone. Cleansing the soul by hurting the flesh: The guilt-reducing effect of pain. People would rather let bad things happen than cause them, especially if someone is watching. Dirty Liberals!