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Morality: Neuro/Bhv ~ Emotion/Reason; refrm ethics-metphys & app

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Haidt-Social Intuitionism/Moral Foundations

Greene - Cog/Dual-process/tragedy of common sense morality. New Social Science/ Morality/Humans, etc. Crockett_2013_TiCS.pdf. Publications — Crockett Lab. Key publications Inference of trustworthiness from intuitive moral judgments.

Publications — Crockett Lab

Everett, J.A.C., Pizarro, D.A., & Crockett, M.J. (2016). Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, published online 7 April 2016. PubMed link» View PDF» How formal models can illuminate mechanisms of moral judgment and decision-making. Dissociable effects of serotonin and dopamine on the valuation of harm in moral decision-making.Crockett, M. Harm to others outweighs harm to self in moral decision making.Crockett, M. Models of morality. Serotonin modulates behavioral reactions to unfairness.Crockett, M.

Compassion is not always a motivated choice: a multiple decision systems perspective.Montgomery M.A., Kappes A., & Crockett M.J. (2017).In: Moral Psychology, Volume 5, Eds: Sinnott-Armstrong W., & Miller C.B. Binding oneself to the mast: stimulating frontopolar cortex enhances precommitment. Serotonin enhances the impact of health information on food choice. From Risk to Fairness. 2009 and earlier. The Benefits and Costs of a Rose-Colored Hindsight. Dissociable Effects of Serotonin and Dopamine on the Valuation of Harm in Moral Decision Making. Crockett&Cuddy_2015_COBS.pdf. Everett_2015b_Frontiers.pdf. Gesiarz_2015_Frontiers.pdf. PNAS 2011 Beale 12647 52.

Humans display a cooperative phenotype that is domain general and temporally stable. Fast But Not Intuitive Slow But Not Reflective. Beliefs About the Malleability of Immoral Groups Facilitate Collective Action. An fmri investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. The cognitive neurosicence of moral judgment and decision making. You see the ends dont justify the means. The neuroscience of social relations. A comparative-based approach to empathy and to the capacity of evaluating others' action value. Neurocomputational model of moral behaviour. Neural Correlates of Human VIrtue Judgment.

The Orbitofrontal Cortex [and Discussion] The Orbitofrontal Cortex - Google Books. Impetuosity. Aristotle's Ethics > Alternate Readings of Aristotle on Akrasia (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Supplement to Aristotle's Ethics That, at any rate, is one way of interpreting Aristotle's statements.

Aristotle's Ethics > Alternate Readings of Aristotle on Akrasia (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

But it must be admitted that his remarks are obscure and leave room for alternative readings. It is possible that when he denies that the akratic has knowledge in the strict sense, he is simply insisting on the point that no one should be classified as having practical knowledge unless he actually acts in accordance with it. A practical knower is not someone who merely has knowledge of general premises; he must also have knowledge of particulars, and he must actually draw the conclusion of the syllogism. Perhaps drawing such a conclusion consists in nothing less than performing the action called for by the major and minor premises.

Kohlberg

Dual Process Morality. Can Innate, Modular "Foundations" Explain Morality? Challenges for Haidt's Moral Foundations Theory. Morality and Evolutionary Biology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Morality and Evolutionary Biology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Overview: Basic Issues, Questions, and Distinctions Very little in the study of human life has been left untouched by developments in evolutionary biology, and inquiry into the nature of morality is no exception. With the recognition that we, like all other living things, belong to a species that has evolved through natural selection comes the acknowledgement that evolutionary processes have likewise shaped us deeply. How deeply? Evolutionary explanations are commonplace when it comes to questions about our physiological nature—why we have opposable thumbs, say, or a bipedal posture.

When it comes to morality, the most basic issue concerns our capacity for normative guidance: our ability to be motivated by norms of behavior and feeling through judgments about how people ought to act and respond in various circumstances (Joyce 2006, Kitcher 2006a,b, 2011, and Machery and Mallon 2010). Durkheim, Emile. Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist who rose to prominence in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Durkheim, Emile

Along with Karl Marx and Max Weber, he is credited as being one of the principal founders of modern sociology. Chief among his claims is that society is a sui generis reality, or a reality unique to itself and irreducible to its composing parts. It is created when individual consciences interact and fuse together to create a synthetic reality that is completely new and greater than the sum of its parts. This reality can only be understood in sociological terms, and cannot be reduced to biological or psychological explanations.

Affective Primacy

Contractualism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Contractualism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

What is contractualism? Scanlon introduces contractualism as a distinctive account of moral reasoning. He summarises his account thus: An act is wrong if its performance under the circumstances would be disallowed by any set of principles for the general regulation of behaviour that no one could reasonably reject as a basis for informed, unforced, general agreement. (Scanlon 1998, p. 153). Research on Reasoning. Publications on Reasoning and Rationality: Key Papers: Stanovich, K.

Stanovich, K. E., & West, R. F. (2003). Evolutionary versus instrumental goals: How evolutionary psychology misconceives human rationality. In D. Over (Ed.), Evolution and the psychology of thinking: The debate (pp. 171-230). Hove, England: Psychology Press. Stanovich.Over.Chapter.pdf – seanmhines

E. (2016).

Research on Reasoning

The Comprehensive Assessment of Rational Thinking. Educational Psychologist, 51, 23-34. Hume's Moral Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Hume's Moral Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Issues from Hume's Predecessors.

Ideological Narratives

Hume's Moral Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Relativism. Forms of relativism[edit] Anthropological versus philosophical relativism[edit]

Relativism

Situationism (psychology) - Wikipedia. Situationists based their claims on experiments in which traits such as extraversion were estimated based on behavior in different situations.

Situationism (psychology) - Wikipedia

They found that a particular person's ratings in one situation were not highly predictive of that person's score in another situation. However, in response to such evidence, Hans Eysenck has pointed out that the correlations, while low, are typically still high enough to reach statistical significance. A midrange position, which holds that personality is best understood as resulting from "subtle interplay" of internal and external factors, is known as "interactionism". Trait activation theory Krahe, B. (1993) Personality and Social Psychology: Towards a Synthesis. Existentialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Existentialists tend to describe the perspective of engaged agency in terms of “choice,” and they are sometimes criticized for this. It may be—the argument runs—that I can be said to choose a course of action at the conclusion of a process of deliberation, but there seems to be no choice involved when, in the heat of the moment, I toss the useless pen aside in frustration. Can its being useless be traced back to my “choice” to be frustrated? But the point in using such language is simply to insist that in the first-person perspective of agency I cannot conceive myself as determined by anything that is available to me only in third-person terms. Behind the existentialist's insistence that facticity and transcendence remain irreducible aspects of one and the same being is the insight that, for a being who can say “I,” the third-person perspective on who one is has no more authority than the first-person (agent's) perspective.[9] Because existence is co-constituted by facticity and transcendence, the self cannot be conceived as a Cartesian ego but is embodied being-in-the-world, a self-making in situation. It is through transcendence—or what the existentialists also refer to as my “projects”—that the world is revealed, takes on meaning; but such projects are themselves factic or “situated”—not the product of some antecedently constituted “person” or intelligible character but embedded in a world that is decidedly not my representation. Because my projects are who I am in the mode of engaged agency (and not like plans that I merely represent to myself in reflective deliberation), the world in a certain sense reveals to me who I am. For reasons to be explored in the next section, the meaning of my choice is not always transparent to me. Nevertheless, because it necessarily reveals the world in a certain way, that meaning, my own “identity,” can be discovered by what Sartre calls “existential psychoanalysis.” By understanding an individual's patterns of behavior—that is, by reconstructing the meaningful world that such behavior reveals—one can uncover the “fundamental project” or basic choice of oneself that gives distinctive shape to an individual life. Existential psychoanalysis represents a kind of compromise between the first- and third-person perspectives: like the latter, it objectifies the person and treats its open-ended practical horizons as in a certain sense closed; like the former, however, it seeks to understand the choices from the inside, to grasp the identity of the individual as a matter of the first-person meaning that haunts him, rather than as a function of inert psychic mechanisms with which the individual has no acquaintance.[10] – seanmhines

The Emergence of Existence as a Philosophical Problem Sartre's existentialism drew its immediate inspiration from the work of the German philosopher, Martin Heidegger.

Existentialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Heidegger's 1927 Being and Time, an inquiry into the “being that we ourselves are” (which he termed “Dasein,” a German word for existence), introduced most of the motifs that would characterize later existentialist thinking: the tension between the individual and the “public”; an emphasis on the worldly or “situated” character of human thought and reason; a fascination with liminal experiences of anxiety, death, the “nothing” and nihilism; the rejection of science (and above all, causal explanation) as an adequate framework for understanding human being; and the introduction of “authenticity” as the norm of self-identity, tied to the project of self-definition through freedom, choice, and commitment. 1.1 Kierkegaard: “The Single Individual” 1.2 Nietzsche and Nihilism 2. 2.1 Facticity and Transcendence 2.2 Alienation.

The Veil of Ignorance

SacLink Login. Greene. Deon/Cons/Emotive lang. in justification. Deont/Conseq/SociIntui. 11 Emotion and Morality. 12 Emotion and Cognition. 13 Judgement and Decision Making. Gillette ku 0099D 13114 DATA 1.