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Australian History Timeline

Australian History Timeline
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Australian Heritage - the magazine A Nation sub-divided The dotted lines that mark the borders of Australia’s states and territories, learned by many of us from plastic templates that we arduously drew around in primary school, may seem long-fixed and of little interest. But each of these lines has a story that reflects a stage in our history as a nation, as David Taylor writes. Soon after the colony at Sydney Cove was settled in 1788, the Deputy Judge-Advocate, Captain David Collins read the royal commissions to Captain Arthur Phillip, appointing Phillip as the governor and defining New South Wales and its dependencies thus: The extent of British territory in New South Wales until 1825. The question as to why the western boundary at 135ºE was chosen has been a topic of controversy for many years. The Portuguese had been in Timor since 1516, and the Dutch since 1686. Britain had two reasons to be cautious. Concerns about Britains claim to Australia's northern coast prompted Governor Darling to push the boundary westward.

DNA traces Aboriginal Australian history › News in Science (ABC Science) News in Science Tuesday, 8 May 2007 Anna SallehABC Aboriginal Australians are descended from the same modern human ancestors who left Africa to populate other parts of the world, says a new genetic study. The study supports the Out of Africa theory about the dispersal of modern humans, but scientists disagree over how many entry points people used to reach Australia. Georgi Hudjashov, of Tartu University in Estonia, and colleagues report their study online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The team analysed samples of Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA, previously collected from Aboriginal Australian and Melanesian people. "All these lineages trace back to the same Out of Africa migration," says co-author Dr Toomas Kivisild, an evolutionary geneticist at the UK's University of Cambridge. "Australia would have been settled by only one migration," says Kivisild. One entry point? Samples of her collection of human DNA were used in the analysis.

The First Fleet Home Our FREE ebooks Search Site Site Map Contact Us Reading, Downloading and Converting files The First Fleet of ships to carry convicts from England to Botany Bay sailed from Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787. This page contains statistics relating to the people who made the voyage and provides details of the ships of the fleet. Further Reading: ebooks available from this site: Arthur PHILLIP (1738-1814), The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay with an Account of the Establishment of the Colonies of Port Jackson and Norfolk Island, London, 1789. Other references Charles BATESON, The Convict Ships, 1787-1868, Sydney, 1974. Particulars of the Voyage Portsmouth to Tenerife 13 May - 3 June 1787 Tenerife to Rio de Jeneiro 10 June 1787 - 5 August 1787 Rio de Janeiro to Cape Town 4 September - 13 October 1787 Cape Town to Botany Bay 13 November 1787 to 20 January 1788 Arrived at Sydney Cove 26 January 1788 The Ships of the First Fleet 6 Transports carrying the convicts. The numbers

Random Acts of Kindness Page 2 Updated February, 2013 Feeding the hungry, donating presents to the poor, and performing errands for the elderly are all ways that people can donate time towards the community. Working together, kids learn to solve problems and make decisions and successfully contribute to their community. They connect local concerns with global issues and gain an awareness of others. All this will serve them now and years later as they transition out of school and into the adult world! IDEAS to Get you Started... • Plant trees or wildflowers. • Plant produce. • Plant seeds. • Pick up litter at a park. • Put on a play at your school, a fair or festival about local environmental or human needs issues. • Collect items for a time capsule. • Make treats for a local senior home. • Improve the school grounds. • Develop and maintain a recycling program at school. • Collect food, warm clothing, toys, or personal care items for the needy. • Hold a Teddy Bear and Friends (Stuffed Animals) Drive. •Colored pencils 1.

Bound for South Australia 1836 - Home Page The Human Journey – Episode 1 (1999) clip 2 on ASO Clip description In June 1997, an inspired piece of scientific investigation by paleoanthropologist Dr Ron Clarke and his team resulted in a remarkable discovery in a cave in South Africa. Curator’s notes This program offers a well-written script and great narration from Hugo Weaving, one of Australia’s finest actors, to explain what ought to be impossible to visualise: the planet and its life forms millions of years ago. With stunning re-creations of a wild and untamed planet of ice ages, massive land and sea movements and intense temperature fluctuations, we follow the fortunes and the migratory journeys of various groupings of hominids, as they make their way out of the trees, across the plains of Africa and eventually further north. A lot of the dramatised filming for The Human Journey took place in Tasmania because director Roger Scholes knew he would be able to find there every kind of landscape they required.

Tales from the First Fleet | From Terra Australis to Australia | Stories Skip to main content a3461012h.jpg The State Library's First Fleet Collection includes journals, letters, drawings, maps and charts created by those who actually travelled with the First Fleet of British ships to Australia. It is one of the Library’s most significant and valuable collections. These powerful eyewitness accounts not only tell us about how the British viewed Port Jackson and its inhabitants, they also record the hopes and ambitions of the First Fleeters, their feelings of homesickness and despair, along with detailed descriptions of the unfamiliar natural environment. These observations also provide a glimpse into the Indigenous communities living in the Port Jackson area. Explore the maps and artworks depicting the establishment of the British colony in New South Wales. a604004h.jpg Zoomable visual content. About this item: William Bradley - Drawings from his journal `A Voyage to New South Wales', 1802+ a3461011h.jpg a604006h.jpg Previous Next Story From Terra Australis to Australia

Home | History - colonial, conflict and modern Skip to main content Helping you find government information and services Show navigation decrease text size increase text size About Australia Share 1 2 3 4 History - colonial, conflict and modern Colonial history War and conflict Modern history Related Sir Nathaniel Dance (1735-1811), Captain James Cook, coloured engraving. Categories Australian history75 Further resources History and identity resources76 Notes Back to top Switch to desktop version Contact government Official communications Quick links State & territory governments Local governments Online security Careers All times shown are Sydney, Australia time

Aboriginal trade: Museum Victoria Question: Did Aboriginal people in Australia have any contact with other countries before European contact? Answer: Yes! The first European contact with the land we now know as Australia is generally held to have been by Dutch explorers in 1606. We know how important internal trading relationships and routes were to Indigenous peoples, but people are often not aware that a relationship developed between Aboriginal people in eastern Arnhem Land and visitors from overseas. Macassan people from what is now known as Sulawesi (Indonesia) annually visited the northern shores of Australia, the place they called Marege’. The Macassans came on the north-west winds that brought the monsoonal rains. A great deal of cultural exchange occurred between Yolngu and Macassans, and Yolngu worked for the Macassans and even travelled between Macassar and Australia.

Convicts and the British colonies in Australia Augustus Earle (1793-1838), A government jail gang, Sydney, N S Wales, 1830. Image courtesy of the National Library of Australia:nla.pic-an6065451. A penal colony On 18 January 1788 the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay, which Joseph Banks had declared suitable for a penal colony after he returned from a journey there in 1770. Captain Arthur Phillip, the fleet's commander, brought a small party of marines and seamen ashore, but found the location unsuitable because the harbour was unsafe and the area lacked fresh water. The fleet then relocated to Port Jackson. After moving further into the harbour, on 26 January 1788 Phillip raised the British flag at Sydney Cove. 751 convicts and their children disembarked, along with 252 marines and their families. Two more convict fleets arrived in 1790 and 1791, and the first free settlers arrived in 1793. Twenty per cent of these first convicts were women. Convict labour The discipline of rural labour was seen to be the best chance of reform. Victoria

Australia Australian History Trove Pictures of Australia Take a look at the Picture Australia site. This site will not be officially lauched for a while yet. I provides a single point of access to over 450,000 digitised images from pictorial collections of many leading cultural heritage institutions. Bushrangers The Ned Kelly Gang Would you like to learn what errors there are in the information you may have read about the Kelly gang? Not Just Ned From the National Museum of australia. Australian Explorers Project Gutenberg - Australia This site is very comprehensive with many links and covers, a lot of primary source material for download. eBooks and excerpts - quite delightful. Convicts Port Arthur Convict Site. Convict Central an interesting resource where you can research your convict past. in London. Claytons Convicts Fill in this dialogue box and makeup your own convict history. First Fleet First Fleet Fellowship Lists ships and convicts who were on board each ship, includes images and stories. Gold

Indigenous culture & history Knowing & understanding 1. Read an Aboriginal Dreaming story and: enact or retell the story through mime, dance, drama, music or a series of paintings compare stories from other cultures and look at the similarities and differences, particularly with the messages and themes of the stories 2. 3. 4. find out what plants and animals they used for food, shelter and tools find evidence of occupation on the land discover if any of the street, creek or place names in your area are from an Aboriginal language. Applying & analysing 1. Which issues and/or people were reported the most during the period? 2. The Aboriginal Tent Embassy was the major turning point for the passing of Indigenous Land Rights. 3. Evaluating & creating 1. The history of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander group or groups in your local area Traditional Indigenous objects used in your local area and/or your state or territory The history of the development of Indigenous rights in Australia 2. 3. 4.

First Fleet: 04/02/2014, Behind the News Recently we celebrated Australia day on the 26th of January. But why do we mark it on that day in particular? To answer that question, Sarah will take you back in time to 1788, to meet some kids who came to Australia on the First Fleet. Kid 1: “My name is John Hudson and I'm nine years old. I've been an orphan ever since I can remember and I made a living sweeping chimneys. Kid 2: “For the theft of one linen shirt, value 10 shillings, five silk stockings, value 5 shillings, one pistol, value 5 shillings, and two aprons, value 2 shillings. Kid 3: “My name is Elizabeth Haywood and I'm 13 years old. Kid 2: “For the theft of one linen gown, value 4 shillings, a silk bonnet value 2 shillings, and a bath cloth cloak, value 1 shilling. In London in the 1700s, gaols were full of people like Elizabeth and John; poor, hungry, unwanted. Reporter: England's laws were really, really harsh. One solution was transportation. Eleven ships were prepared for the voyage to New South Wales.