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Heideggerian terminology. Martin Heidegger, the 20th-century German philosopher, introduced to the world a large body of work which intended a profound change of direction for philosophy. Such was the depth of change that he found himself needing to introduce a number of neologisms and adapted vocabulary, often connected to idiomatic words and phrases in the German language. Two of his most basic neologisms, present-at-hand and ready-to-hand, are used to describe various attitudes toward things in the world.

For Heidegger, such "attitudes" are prior to, i.e. more basic than, the various sciences of the individual items in the world. Science itself is an attitude, one that attempts a kind of neutral investigation. Other related terms are also explained below. Heidegger's overall analysis is quite involved, taking in a lot of the history of philosophy. Terms[edit] Aletheia[edit] (Ancient Greek: ἀλήθεια) Apophantic[edit] An assertion (as opposed to a question, a doubt or a more expressive sense) is apophantic. Heideggerian terminology. 8. The grand deception: The Power of One. : C_S_T.

Frank J. Tipler. Frank Jennings Tipler (born February 1, 1947) is a mathematical physicist and cosmologist, holding a joint appointment in the Departments of Mathematics and Physics at Tulane University.[2] Tipler has written books and papers on the Omega Point based on Pierre Teilhard de Chardin's religious ideas, which he claims is a mechanism for the resurrection of the dead. He is also known for his theories on the Tipler cylinder time machine. People have argued that his theories are largely pseudoscience.[3] Biography[edit] The Omega Point cosmology[edit] The Omega Point is a term Tipler uses to describe a cosmological state in the distant proper-time future of the universe that he maintains is required by the known physical laws.

Tipler's argument that the omega point cosmology is required by the known physical laws is a more recent development that arose after the publication of his 1994 book The Physics of Immortality. Reception[edit] Selected writings[edit] Books[edit] Articles[edit] See also[edit]

Consciousness

Epistemology. Robert Todd Carroll - Wikipedia. Robert Todd Carroll (May 18, 1945 – August 25, 2016) was an American writer and academic. Carroll is best known for his contributions in the field of skepticism; he achieved notability by publishing The Skeptic's Dictionary online in 1994. He was elected a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry in 2010.[1][2] He described himself as a naturalist, an atheist, a materialist, a metaphysical libertarian, and a positivist.[3] His published books include Becoming a Critical Thinker;[4] The Skeptic's Dictionary;[5] The Skeptic's Dictionary for Kids;[6] The Critical Thinker's Dictionary;[7] Unnatural Acts: Critical Thinking, Skepticism, and Science Exposed!

;[8] The Commonsense Philosophy of Religion of Edward Stillingfleet; Student Success Guide: Writing Skills and Student Success Guide: Reading Skills.[9] He was a professor of philosophy at Sacramento City College from 1977 until his retirement in 2007.[1] Early life[edit] Career[edit] Professor[edit] Writer[edit] Skeptic[edit] Criticism[edit] Demiurge. In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmiˌɜrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for the fashioning and maintenance of the physical universe. The term was subsequently adopted by the Gnostics. Although a fashioner, the demiurge is not necessarily the same as the creator figure in the familiar monotheistic sense, because both the demiurge itself plus the material from which the demiurge fashions the universe are considered either uncreated and eternal, or the product of some other being, depending on the system.

Platonism and Neoplatonism[edit] Middle Platonism[edit] In Numenius's Neo-Pythagorean and Middle Platonist cosmogony, the Demiurge is second God as the nous or thought of intelligibles and sensibles.[4] Neoplatonism[edit] Henology[edit] The Demiurge of Neoplatonism is the Nous (mind of God), and is one of the three ordering principles: Arche (Gr. Iamblichus[edit] Gnosticism[edit] Mythos[edit] Angels[edit] Names[edit] Libertarian socialism - Wikipedia. Libertarian socialism (or socialist libertarianism)[1] is a group of anti-authoritarian[2] political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects socialism as centralized state ownership and control of the economy.[3] Past and present political philosophies and movements commonly described as libertarian socialist include anarchism as well as autonomism, Communalism, participism, guild socialism,[27] revolutionary syndicalism and libertarian Marxist[28] philosophies such as council communism[29] and Luxemburgism[30] as well as some versions of utopian socialism[31] and individualist anarchism.[32][33][34][35] Overview[edit] Libertarian socialism is a Western philosophy with diverse interpretations, though some general commonalities can be found in its many incarnations.

Noam Chomsky is one of the most well-known contemporary libertarian socialist thinkers Anti-capitalism[edit] John O`Neil argues: Anti-authoritarianism and opposition to the state[edit] Environmental issues[edit]

Political/economic

Theodor W. Adorno. Frankfurt School: The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception. Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer (1944) The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception Source: most of one chapter from Dialectic of Enlightenment;Transcribed: by Andy Blunden 1998; proofed and corrected Feb. 2005. THE sociological theory that the loss of the support of objectively established religion, the dissolution of the last remnants of pre-capitalism, together with technological and social differentiation or specialisation, have led to cultural chaos is disproved every day; for culture now impresses the same stamp on everything. Films, radio and magazines make up a system which is uniform as a whole and in every part. Yet the city housing projects designed to perpetuate the individual as a supposedly independent unit in a small hygienic dwelling make him all the more subservient to his adversary – the absolute power of capitalism.

Interested parties explain the culture industry in technological terms. Even the technical media are relentlessly forced into uniformity. Culture industry. The term culture industry (German: Kulturindustrie) was coined by the critical theorists Theodor Adorno (1903–1969) and Max Horkheimer (1895–1973), and was presented as critical vocabulary in the chapter "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception", of the book Dialectic of Enlightenment (1944), wherein they proposed that popular culture is akin to a factory producing standardized cultural goods—films, radio programmes, magazines, etc.

The Frankfurt School[edit] Members of The Frankfurt School were much influenced by the dialectical materialism and historical materialism of Karl Marx, as well as the revisitation of the dialectical idealism of Hegel; both events are studied not in isolation, but as part of the process of change. As a group later joined by Jürgen Habermas, they were responsible for the formulation of critical theory. The theory[edit] The essay is concerned with the production of cultural content in capitalist societies. Influences[edit] Elements[edit] Notes[edit] Adorno and Theology - Christopher Craig Brittain - Google Books. Pop Brands: Branding, Popular Music, and Young People - Nicholas Carah - Google Books.

Amazon. The Return of the Perennial Philosophy: The Supreme Vision of Western ... - John Holman - Google Books. Why Did Thoreau Take the Bhagavad Gita to Walden Pond? The ascetic, mystical love of nature that brought Thoreau to Walden Pond gave him access to the central teaching of the Gita. He perceived the discipline of living in nature as a path leading toward self-knowledge and spiritual realization. Among the many works of Asian literature that were studied in Concord, Massachusetts, in the mid-nineteenth century, none was more influential than the Bhagavad Gita. Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote of it in his journal of 1845: We'll never share your info. "I owed—my friend and I owed—a magnificent day to the Bhagavat Geeta. References to the Gita are found throughout Emerson’s journals and letters, where he frequently quotes from the 1785 translation of Charles Wilkins’s, on which Thoreau’s readings are also based.

The Asian texts that Thoreau and Emerson were reading presented ideas that strengthened their critique of eighteenth-century rationalism and nineteenth-century materialism. "The wisest conservatism is that of the Hindoos. True AI is both logically possible and utterly implausible | Aeon Essays. Suppose you enter a dark room in an unknown building. You might panic about monsters that could be lurking in the dark.

Or you could just turn on the light, to avoid bumping into furniture. The dark room is the future of artificial intelligence (AI). Unfortunately, many people believe that, as we step into the room, we might run into some evil, ultra-intelligent machines. This is an old fear. It dates to the 1960s, when Irving John Good, a British mathematician who worked as a cryptologist at Bletchley Park with Alan Turing, made the following observation: Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man however clever. Once ultraintelligent machines become a reality, they might not be docile at all but behave like Terminator: enslave humanity as a sub-species, ignore its rights, and pursue their own ends, regardless of the effects on human lives.

If this sounds incredible, you might wish to reconsider. Ralph Waldo Emerson: “Dare to Love God” - The Essence of Clarity. Ralph Waldo Emerson was one of the most original and influential thinkers of the 19th century. An essayist, poet, and lecturer, as well as the leader of the transcendentalist movement, he was a spokesman for the intrinsic, spiritual potential of every individual. Emerson’s search for truth led him to the scriptures of India, which he embraced wholeheartedly, free of the condescension common to many western scholars. Swami Kriyananda describes Emerson’s writings, which he discovered in college, as “the closest I had come so far to the expansive vistas of Indian thought, for though I didn’t realize it at the time, Emerson and Thoreau were both admirers of India’s scriptures, and echoed in their own writings the lofty teachings of the Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita.”

A reluctant minister Born the fourth of eight children on May 25, 1803 in Boston, Massachusetts, Emerson was considered the least promising of all his brothers. Doubts about Christianity Break with the church — the Lord’s Supper. How Metaphysics Can Increase Your Friends A Millionfold. Western logic has held contradictions as false for centuries. Is that wrong? | Aeon Videos. Since Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Western philosophers and logicians have, with few exceptions, viewed contradictions as unacceptable, simply incapable of being true. But certain logical paradoxes demonstrate that some contradictions aren’t so easily dismissed as merely false, an idea that some Eastern philosophical traditions have grappled with more successfully. In this instalment of Aeon In Sight, the US-based British philosopher Graham Priest explains how the Liar Paradox – debated since antiquity – can upend the traditional Western view that all contradictions must be false.

Producer: Kellen Quinn Interviewer: Nigel Warburton Editor: Adam D’Arpino Assistant Editor: Alyssa Pagano. Alain de botton. Too Many Values? Intolerance, Anti-Relativism and Richard Rorty — IIIIXIII. Anti-relativists fear that accepting too many values will lead to a kind of entropy of values, or as Clifford Geertz has put it: a “heat death of the mind”. To anti-relativists, an equal appreciation and accommodation of values means it will be impossible to tell right from wrong and the significant from the insignificant. To critics, relativism is the annihilation of judgment itself. For some of them, it is even the annihilation of humanity.

Philosopher Ian Jarvie writes that “by limiting critical assessment of human works, [relativism] disarms us, dehumanises us, leaves us unable to enter into communicative interaction; that is to say, unable to criticize cross-culturally, cross-sub-culturally”. Alan Bloom, in his famous bestseller, The Closing of the American Mind, also writes that “to live, to have any inner substance, a man must have values, must be committed, or engagé.” Relativism understands everything, and with understanding comes acceptance. Profiles in Liberty: Rasmussen Part II. I was reading some Carl Jung and came across the best account for an entelechy of consciousness I've ever encountered. : philosophy. "Evolutionary Theory and Morality: Why the Science Doesn't Settle the Philosophical Questions" -- Professor William J. FitzPatrick, University of Rochester : philosophy. The Tangled Bank: Toward an Ecotheological Ethics of Responsible Participation - Michael S. Hogue - Google Books.

The Origin of the Work of Art - Wikipedia. The Origin of the Work of Art (German: Der Ursprung des Kunstwerkes) is an essay by the German philosopher Martin Heidegger. Heidegger drafted the text between 1935 and 1937, reworking it for publication in 1950 and again in 1960. Heidegger based his essay on a series of lectures he had previously delivered in Zurich and Frankfurt during the 1930s, first on the essence of the work of art and then on the question of the meaning of a "thing," marking the philosopher's first lectures on the notion of art. Content[edit] In "The Origin of the Work of Art" Heidegger explains the essence of art in terms of the concepts of being and truth. He argues that art is not only a way of expressing the element of truth in a culture, but the means of creating it and providing a springboard from which "that which is" can be revealed. Works of art are not merely representations of the way things are, but actually produce a community's shared understanding.

Influence and criticism[edit] See also[edit] The Monstrosity of Christ: Paradox or Dialectic? - Slavoj Žižek, John Milbank, Creston Davis - Google Books. New Atheism - Wikipedia. Contemporary atheistic movement of thinkers and writers New Atheism lends itself to and often overlaps with secular humanism and antitheism, particularly in its criticism of what many New Atheists regard as the indoctrination of children and the perpetuation of ideologies founded on belief in the supernatural. Some critics of the movement characterize it as "militant atheism" or "fundamentalist atheism".

[a][6][7][8][9] History[edit] Early history[edit] The Harvard botanist Asa Gray, a believing Christian and one of the first supporters of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, commented in 1868 that the more worldly Darwinists in England had "the English-materialistic-positivistic line of thought".[10] Darwin's supporter Thomas Huxley was openly skeptical, as the biographer Janet Browne describes: Huxley was rampaging on miracles and the existence of the soul. Recent history[edit] On 6 November 2015, the New Republic published an article entitled, "Is the New Atheism dead? " Others[edit] The Front Page of the Internet. In addition to the examples given below, I have two more: Scott Atran and Bruce Schneier.

Atran is an anthropologist and cognitive scientist who has written and researched extensively on the link between religion and terrorism. Schneier is a security expert, and tremendously well-respected in the field, having worked for the DoD, Harvard, and several other private institutions. He coined the term 'security theater'. Harris has engaged both in debate; Atran on stage and Schneier via e-mail.

Atran is the first example. I once ran into the anthropologist Scott Atran after he had delivered one of his preening and delusional lectures on the origins of jihadist terrorism. Here, Harris begins by simply insulting Atran, before laying out a total strawman of Atran's position, which is not that ideology is irrelevant, but that: Moreover, Atran did not say that 'nobody believes in paradise'. This is one of the most blatant examples, but there is also his exchange with Bruce Schneier. Sam harris.

Retrieving the Radical Tillich: His Legacy and Contemporary Importance - Google Books. Consequentialism - Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion.

Ethics/morality

Diogenes of Sinope. Neurosemiotics.com - Semiotics of Thinking. Syncretism. Czeslaw Milosz: the Moralist and the Philosopher. Philosophers want to know why physicists believe theories they can’t prove — Quartz. [Text] Tips To Make Your Life More Joyful, Successful And Fruitful. : GetMotivated. “Gender is not a binary, it’s a spectrum”: some problems – More radical with age. Ancient Philosophy | Linguistics and Philosophy. Little Girl Has Been Feeding Crows Since She Was 4. Now They Bring Her Gifts To Say Thankyou. PN Review Online Poetry Literary Magazine - The Freezing Coachman: some reflections on art and morality - Raymond Tallis - PN Review 96. Globalization and the Posthuman - William S. Haney II. How much does it matter whether God exists? — Aeon O... Do people have a moral duty to have children if they... Why every entrepreneur should read "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance"

Search Results. Agorism. Hazrat Inayat Khan Study Database. Alfred North Whitehead. Heidegger: The Question Concerning Technology. Apeiron/Peras - Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard. Giordano Bruno. Marsilio Ficino--the book of life. Marsilio Ficino. Dichtung und Wahrheit. John Gray: Steven Pinker is wrong about violence and war.

The Pervert's Guide to Ideology, directed by Sophie Fiennes, starring Slavoj Zizek -- Illustrated Screenplay & Screencap Gallery. Monad. Cosmogony. Right, Wrong and Science: The Ethical Dimensions of the Techno-scientific ... - Evandro Agazzi. Dialectical vs. Di-Polar Theology. Lectures on the Essence of Religion - Lecture XXX. Antoine Fabre d'Olivet. Herbert Spencer. Lectures on the Essence of Religion - Lecture XXX. Ludwig Feuerbach. HEGEL AND MATHEMATICS. Dialectics and Mathematics by Andy Blunden 1984. Albert Lautman Dialectics in Mathematics | Brendan Larvor. Hermeneutic Interpretation by Antoine Fabre d'Olivet. Hermeticism. Hermeneutics. John Dee. Wired 8.05: Terence McKenna's Last Trip. Dialetheism. What’s the big deal with consistency?

Terence McKenna. Neoplatonism. Hermeticism & Alchemy (Terence McKenna) [FULL]

Esoteric

William Barrett (philosopher) Long Sunday: Not quite a universal exception. Interviews. THE STONE - Opinionator. René Guénon. Traditionalist School. Nouvelle Droite. Frithjof Schuon. Perennial philosophy. AskPhilosophers.org. Hölderlin's Hymn "The Ister" Terence McKenna.