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Adult neurogenesis. Neurogenesis is the process of birth of neurons wherein neurons are generated from neural stem cells. Contrary to popular belief, neurogenesis continuously occurs in specific regions in the adult brain.[3] Developmental neurogenesis and adult neurogenesis differ markedly. This article is limited in scope to adult neurogenesis. In humans, new neurons are continually born throughout adulthood in two regions of the brain: In other species of mammals, particularly rodents, adult-born neurons also appear in the olfactory bulb. In humans, however, few if any olfactory bulb neurons are generated after birth.[7] Much more attention has been paid to neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus than in the other areas. Mechanism[edit] Adult neural stem cells[edit] Neural stem cells (NSCs) are the self-renewing, multipotent cells that generate the main phenotypes of the nervous system.

Model Organisms of Neurogenesis[edit] Planarian[edit] Axolotl[edit] Zebrafish[edit] Chick[edit] Rodent[edit] DNA labelling[edit] Notes. Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease. Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) is a universally fatal brain disorder.[2] Early symptoms include memory problems, behavioral changes, poor coordination, and visual disturbances.[2] Later dementia, involuntary movements, blindness, weakness, and coma occur.[2] About 90% of people die within a year of diagnosis.[2] CJD is believed to be caused by a protein known as a prion.[2] Infectious prions are misfolded proteins that can cause normally folded proteins to become misfolded.[2] Most cases occur spontaneously, while about 7.5% of cases are inherited from a person's parents in an autosomal dominant manner.[2] Exposure to brain or spinal tissue from an infected person may also result in spread.[2] There is no evidence that it can spread between people via normal contact or blood transfusions.[2] Diagnosis involves ruling out other potential causes.[2] An electroencephalogram, spinal tap, or magnetic resonance imaging may support the diagnosis.[2] Signs and symptoms[edit] Cause[edit]

5 Ways To Harness Neurogenesis: Boost Your Brain. Neurogenesis is the birth of new neurons from neural stem or progenitor cells in the brain. It was long considered that the number of neurons was fixed and they did not replicate after maturity of the brain. It wasn’t until the 1990’s that neurogenesis was observed in the brains of humans, other primates and a number of other species that led to its widespread scientific acceptance. There are a number of behavioural, environmental, pharmacological and biochemical factors that affect this process, many of which we have considerable power to influence. Neurogenesis is also linked to changes in neuroplasticity, which is referring to changes in synapses and neural pathways in the brain.

This area is an example of a complete scientific turn around. Neurogenesis has been found to occur in two brain regions; the subventricular zone and the hippocampus. To reverse this process we need to harness neurogenesis. Exercise Diet Diet plays an important role in brain health and neurogenesis. Meditation. The Magic of Neurogenesis: How to Help Your Body Make New Brain Cells – Observer.

According to the latest findings, you can boost neurogenesis. Pixabay Many people think that their adult brain is not capable of generating new cells. That’s it. Done. From now on, it will only get worse. And if you drink too much alcohol, or even watch too much Netflix, you will “kill” those neurons of yours for good. Although aging or heavy alcohol consumption may contribute to deterioration of our brain health, the reality is much more complex.

For a long time, it was believed that brains of grown-ups couldn’t regenerate and replace dead or damaged cells. The birth of neurons from stem cells is called neurogenesis and in babies, most of the job is done before they leave their mommy’s belly. Olfactory Bulb — a structure of the forebrain responsible for the sense of smell Hippocampus — a seahorse-shaped structure that is located within the temporal lobe of the brain (just above your ears) and is important for learning, formation of memory, regulation of emotions, and spatial navigation. Mental Health: Dissociative Amnesia. Dissociative amnesia is one of a group of conditions called dissociative disorders. Dissociative disorders are mental illnesses that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, consciousness, awareness, identity, and/or perception.

When one or more of these functions is disrupted, symptoms can result. These symptoms can interfere with a person's general functioning, including social and work activities, and relationships. Dissociative amnesia occurs when a person blocks out certain information, usually associated with a stressful or traumatic event, leaving him or her unable to remember important personal information.

With this disorder, the degree of memory loss goes beyond normal forgetfulness and includes gaps in memory for long periods of time or of memories involving the traumatic event. Dissociative amnesia is not the same as simple amnesia, which involves a loss of information from memory, usually as the result of disease or injury to the brain. What Causes Dissociative Amnesia?

A Randomized Double-Blind Sham-Controlled Study of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Major Depression. The promise and peril of DIY electrical brain stimulation. The last 15 years have seen a resurgence of interest among medical researchers in transcranial direct current stimulation, or tDCS. It’s a mild form of brain stimulation that uses a direct, constant, low current delivered to the brain via electrodes—typically placed at both sides of the forehead to stimulate the prefrontal cortex. Some studies suggest this stimulation can help alleviate depression, offering a potential alternative for patients who want to avoid medication and the more severe electroconvulsive therapy. Studies have also suggested the treatment could enhance cognition, which inevitably led to a do-it-yourself tDCS community forming online. So while research into the medical uses for tDCS has crept slowly forward, alongside it runs a parallel track of lay experimenters using themselves as guinea pigs.

And a market has evolved for homebrew tDCS kits, too; many promise the kinds of cognitive improvements that science can’t yet prove. Being fitted with a tCDS device. Dr. Brain.fm and other music-streaming apps can now curate music based on your brainwaves — Quartz. This is the first in The Vanishing University, a four-part series exploring the tech-driven future of higher education in America. Right now, this very morning, thousands of young adults in the United States are scrambling through the same minor hell.

They’ve woken up to the very last in a series of half-futile phone alarms. Made, and likely abandoned, an attempt to shower. Skidded wet-haired and flustered into a cavernous lecture hall, flickering fluorescent, stuffed full with hundreds of teenagers yawning and jostling one another for space. An inevitable five minutes late, they’re barely able to squeeze into seats amid a sea of elbows and protruding laptops. Then, a bespeckled professor strolls up to a podium, clears her throat, and begins droning away to a PowerPoint presentation that only a third of the kids will remember in a week’s time. This is all going away. ‘Diagnosis, not an autopsy’ A powerful lure exists to idea of the college lecture.

More students, more learning—more data. Delirium tremens - Wikipedia. Delirium tremens (DTs) is a rapid onset of confusion usually caused by withdrawal from alcohol. When it occurs, it is often three days into the withdrawal symptoms and lasts for two to three days. People may also see or hear things other people do not.[1] Physical effects may include shaking, shivering, irregular heart rate, and sweating.[2] Occasionally, a very high body temperature or seizures may result in death.[1] Alcohol is one of the most dangerous drugs to withdraw from.[3] Delirium tremens typically only occurs in people with a high intake of alcohol for more than a month.[4] A similar syndrome may occur with benzodiazepine and barbiturate withdrawal.[5] Withdrawal from stimulants such as cocaine do not have major medical complications.[6] In a person with delirium tremens it is important to rule out other associated problems such as electrolyte abnormalities, pancreatitis, and alcoholic hepatitis.[1] Prevention is by treating withdrawal symptoms.

Signs and symptoms[edit] Neurosemiotics.com - Semiotics of Thinking. The Psychologists Take Power by Tamsin Shaw. The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion by Jonathan Haidt Vintage, 500 pp., $16.95 (paper) The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined by Steven Pinker Penguin, 802 pp., $20.00 (paper) Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil by Paul Bloom Broadway, 273 pp., $15.00 (paper) The Power of Ideals: The Real Story of Moral Choice by William Damon and Anne Colby Oxford University Press, 217 pp., $29.95 Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them by Joshua Greene Penguin, 422 pp., $18.00 (paper) Report to the Special Committee of the Board of Directors of the American Psychological Association: Independent Review Relating to APA Ethics Guidelines, National Security Interrogations, and Torture by David H. 542 pp., July 2015 The Senate Intelligence Committee Report on Torture: Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence by Brian Nosek and others.

Deep Learning Is Going to Teach Us All the Lesson of Our Lives: Jobs Are for Machines — Basic income. Deep Learning Is Going to Teach Us All the Lesson of Our Lives: Jobs Are for Machines (An alternate version of this article was originally published in the Boston Globe) On December 2nd, 1942, a team of scientists led by Enrico Fermi came back from lunch and watched as humanity created the first self-sustaining nuclear reaction inside a pile of bricks and wood underneath a football field at the University of Chicago. Known to history as Chicago Pile-1, it was celebrated in silence with a single bottle of Chianti, for those who were there understood exactly what it meant for humankind, without any need for words.

Now, something new has occurred that, again, quietly changed the world forever. Like a whispered word in a foreign language, it was quiet in that you may have heard it, but its full meaning may not have been comprehended. What actually ended up happening when they faced off? “AlphaGo’s historic victory is a clear signal that we’ve gone from linear to parabolic.” So, what is Go? Scientists have discovered how to 'delete' unwanted memories. How you spell “The Berenstain Bears” could be proof of parallel universes. “You need to look up the Berenst#in Bears problem.” It was this innocent comment left on a post about parallel universes that first pulled Rob Schwarz of Stranger Dimensions into one of the internet’s strangest theories. It involves The Berenstein Bears, a loving family of anthropomorphized bears who taught children life lessons via hundreds of picture books and two TV shows.

But the problem is they aren’t The Berenstein Bears, they’re The Berenstain Bears. Though a startling number of people remember the name as BerenstEin, it’s in fact spelled BerenstAin, just like the authors Stan and Jan Berenstain. But is it possible that so many people are just wrong about the title? He argues: … at some time in the last 10 years or so, reality has been tampered with and history has been retroactively changed. Left: Real image, Right: Doctored image Another theory posits that a time traveler sent back in time to stop the Y2K diaster inadvertently meddled with the Berenstein Bear name in the process. IBVA BrainMachine. ‘Birdman’ Ending Explained - Page 3. Birdman Ending Explained: What Really Matters Iñárritu has been reluctant to share his interpretation of the ending and, instead, has actually championed open-ended debate over Birdman‘s finale. Speaking to the Tampa Bay Times, the director made it clear: there is not one correct way to interpret the ending: “At the ending of the film, (it) can be interpreted as many ways as there are seats in the theater.”

For that reason, any of the theories presented above could be true (as well as others that have not been mentioned). Just like Inception or Life of Pi (read our ending explanations for Inception and Life of Pi), the takeaway isn’t a matter of what happens – it’s a matter of what it all means. Whether Riggan died on stage, on the pavement below the hospital, or flew off to act/write/direct another day, every ending comes back to a single thematic point: Riggan succeeds in earning the admiration of his fans and detractors as well as the love of his family. Riggan: Listen to me. Music therapy. Music therapy is the use of interventions to accomplish individual goals within a therapeutic relationship by a professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.[1] Music therapy is an allied health profession and one of the expressive therapies, consisting of a process in which a music therapist uses music and all of its facets—physical, emotional, mental, social, aesthetic, and spiritual—to help clients improve their physical and mental health.

Music therapists primarily help clients improve their health in several domains, such as cognitive functioning, motor skills, emotional development, social skills, and quality of life, by using music experiences such as free improvisation, singing, and listening to, discussing, and moving to music to achieve treatment goals. Music therapists are found in nearly every area of the helping professions. Approaches[edit] Children[edit] Music therapy approaches used with children[edit] Nordoff-Robbins[edit] Orff Music Therapy[edit] Illusion. An illusion is a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. Though illusions distort reality, they are generally shared by most people.[1] Illusions may occur with any of the human senses, but visual illusions (optical illusions), are the most well-known and understood.

The emphasis on visual illusions occurs because vision often dominates the other senses. For example, individuals watching a ventriloquist will perceive the voice is coming from the dummy since they are able to see the dummy mouth the words.[2] Some illusions are based on general assumptions the brain makes during perception. These assumptions are made using organizational principles (e.g., Gestalt theory), an individual's capacity for depth perception and motion perception, and perceptual constancy. The term illusion refers to a specific form of sensory distortion. Mimes are known for a repertoire of illusions that are created by physical means. Here’s Why You Should Consider Converting Your Music To A=432 Hz.

Here's Why People Love Deep Bass Sounds In Music. Why do music lovers like it so much when the beat drops? Scientists may now have an answer. A new study from Canada's McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind investigated how the brain reacts to low- and high-pitched tones in order to explain how humans detect rhythm -- and it's much easier for us to follow deep bass sounds. "There is a physiological basis for why we create music the way we do," study co-author Dr. Laurel Trainor, a neuroscientist and director of the institute, told LiveScience.

"Virtually all people will respond more to the beat when it is carried by lower-pitched instruments. " Songs typically feature high-pitched melodies with deeper bass lines. (Story continues below) McMaster student Kristin Tonus tries on sensors at the McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind. In the study, Trainor and her colleagues monitored electrical activity in the brains of 35 people. Next, the researchers played those sequences through a computer model of the human ear.

How to Use Meditation to Help You Out of a Depressive State. How Stress Can Change the Size of Our Brains and What We Can Do to Lower It. Yale Researchers Succeed In Repairing Brain Damage Caused By Chronic Stress, Lead Poisoning, Potential Implications For Bipolar Disorder Medical News Today. How curiosity changes our brains. The High Cost of Neuromyths in Education. Orchestrated objective reduction. New Learning. Brain networks 'hyper-connected' in young adults who had depression.

Glossolalia.

Hallucinations

What's the best way for a post-college person to learn about neuroscience from scratch. Conversations on Consciousness: What the Best Minds Think about the Brain, Free Will, and What It Means to Be Human: Susan Blackmore: 9780195179590: Amazon.com. Introduction to Neuroscience | Brain and Cognitive Sciences. Meditation & Brain Changes: Current Research | Jon Lieff M.D.