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Psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques, originally popularized by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and stemming partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.


Since then, psychoanalysis has expanded and been revised, reformed and developed in different directions. This was initially by Freud's colleagues and students, such as Alfred Adler and Carl Gustav Jung who went on to develop their own ideas independently from Freud. Later neo-Freudians included Erich Fromm, Karen Horney, Harry Stack Sullivan and Jacques Lacan. The basic tenets of psychoanalysis include the following: Under the broad umbrella of psychoanalysis there are at least 22 theoretical orientations regarding human mental development.

Psychoanalysis has received criticism from a wide variety of sources. History[edit] 1890s[edit] The idea of psychoanalysis first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud. 1900–1940s[edit] 1940s–present[edit] Psychoanalysis. The Analysis of mind, by Bertrand Russell. Obsessive–compulsive disorder. Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry; by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety; or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions.

Obsessive–compulsive disorder

Symptoms of the disorder include excessive washing or cleaning; repeated checking; extreme hoarding; preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts; relationship-related obsessions; aversion to particular numbers; and nervous rituals, such as opening and closing a door a certain number of times before entering or leaving a room. These symptoms can be alienating and time-consuming, and often cause severe emotional and financial distress. The acts of those who have OCD may appear paranoid and potentially psychotic. However, OCD sufferers generally recognize their obsessions and compulsions as irrational and may become further distressed by this realization.

Signs and symptoms Obsessions Primarily obsessional Causes. 28 Dignified Ways to Impress Everyone Around You. Post written by: Marc Chernoff Email.

28 Dignified Ways to Impress Everyone Around You

Alan Watts: The Nature of Conciousness (Part 1 of 6) Ernährung: Psychologe präsentiert Tricks zum Abnehmen - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten - Wissenschaft. Washington - Wer abnehmen will, kann auch psychologische Tricks nutzen, um weniger zu essen.

Ernährung: Psychologe präsentiert Tricks zum Abnehmen - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten - Wissenschaft

Auf einem Kongress in den USA erklärte der Verbraucherpsychologe Brian Wansink, wie die Umgebung einen Menschen dazu bringen kann, mehr zu essen - oder eben weniger. Der Forscher von der Cornell Universität in Ithaca (US-Bundesstaat New York) beschäftigt sich seit mehreren Jahren mit diesem Themengebiet. Beispielsweise ermittelte er, dass die dargestellten Portionen auf Gemälden des letzten Abendmahls von Jesus Christus mit den Jahren immer üppiger wurden.

Wie lässt sich also die eigene Psyche beim Abnehmen austricksen? Eine Möglichkeit bestehe darin, die Hauptmahlzeit von einem kleineren Salatteller einzunehmen statt vom üblichen großen Teller, sagte Wansink auf der Jahrestagung der American Psychological Association in Washington. Psychology theories, articles, personality tests and more at Psychologist World - Psychologist World. 10 Life-Enhancing Things You Can Do in Ten Minutes or Less. By It usually takes us much longer to change our moods than we’d like it to take. Here are ten things you can do in ten minutes or less that will have a positive emotional effect on you and those you love. . See it online at . This is a deeply moving segment that may be the best ten minutes you've ever invested in front of a computer. . . . The experience will fill you with fond memories and perhaps make you a bit wistful for days gone by. . .

Then spend that time just holding each other. Studies show that hospital patients who can see a natural body of water from their beds get better at a 30 percent faster rate. 8 Toxic personalities to avoid - Manage Your Life on Shine. Although we like to think that the people in our lives are well-adjusted, happy, healthy minded individuals, we sometimes realize that it just isn't so.

8 Toxic personalities to avoid - Manage Your Life on Shine

Personally, I've had moments where I'll be skipping through my day, happy as can be, thinking life is grand and BAM, I'll be blindsided by someone who manages to knock the happy wind out of my sails. Sometimes it is easy to write it off and other times, not so much. Maybe you are a positive person, but when you are around a certain individual, you feel negative.

INTJ Profile. Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Judgingby Marina Margaret Heiss Profile: INTJ Revision: 3.1 Date of Revision: 17 Oct 2009 To outsiders, INTJs may appear to project an aura of "definiteness", of self-confidence.

INTJ Profile

This self-confidence, sometimes mistaken for simple arrogance by the less decisive, is actually of a very specific rather than a general nature; its source lies in the specialized knowledge systems that most INTJs start building at an early age. When it comes to their own areas of expertise -- and INTJs can have several -- they will be able to tell you almost immediately whether or not they can help you, and if so, how.

INTJs know what they know, and perhaps still more importantly, they know what they don't know. INTJs are perfectionists, with a seemingly endless capacity for improving upon anything that takes their interest. 5 Psychological Experiments That Prove Humanity is Doomed. How To Remember Your Dreams.