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Artists 'have structurally different brains'

Artists 'have structurally different brains'
17 April 2014Last updated at 05:35 ET By Melissa Hogenboom Science reporter, BBC Radio Science Brain scans revealed artists have more grey matter in parts of their brains Artists have structurally different brains compared with non-artists, a study has found. Participants' brain scans revealed that artists had increased neural matter in areas relating to fine motor movements and visual imagery. The research, published in NeuroImage, suggests that an artist's talent could be innate. But training and environmental upbringing also play crucial roles in their ability, the authors report. As in many areas of science, the exact interplay of nature and nurture remains unclear. Lead author Rebecca Chamberlain from KU Leuven, Belgium, said she was interested in finding out how artists saw the world differently. In their small study, researchers peered into the brains of 21 art students and compared them to 23 non-artists using a scanning method called voxel-based morphometry. Alice Shirley - artist

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26925271

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Kepler Team Announces Discovery of Earth-Sized Planet in Habitable Zone Since its launch in the spring of 2009, NASA's Kepler Space Telescope has been hunting exoplanets. The holy grail being a planet that is essentially like ours in terms of size, composition, and habitability: an Earth-twin. While we still haven't found a planet that exactly fits that bill, Kepler has now confirmed the discovery of an Earth-sized exoplanet in its star’s habitable zone. The announcement was made at a press conference and the findings have been published in Science.  Patricia Leavy, PhD I am a sociologist by training. I come from academic world, reading scholarly articles on topics of social import, but they’re almost always boring, dry and quickly forgotten. Yet I can’t count how many times I’ve gone to a movie, a theater production or read a novel and been jarred into seeing something differently, learned something new, felt deep emotions and retained the insights gained. I know from both my research and casual conversations with people in daily life that my experiences are echoed by many. The arts can tap into issues that are otherwise out of reach and reach people in meaningful ways.

Art, Science and the Sublime: 3 questions with Anna Dumitriu » IAI TV Is the Romantic idea of the sublime still relevant? Yes, says Anna Dumitriu, and not just for art, but for science too. Anna Dumitriu is a Brighton-based contemporary artist best known for her work in bio-art. Empathy for others’ pain rooted in cognition rather than sensation, CU-Boulder study finds The ability to understand and empathize with others’ pain is grounded in cognitive neural processes rather than sensory ones, according to the results of a new study led by University of Colorado Boulder researchers. The findings show that the act of perceiving others’ pain (i.e., empathy for others’ pain) does not appear to involve the same neural circuitry as experiencing pain in one’s own body, suggesting that they are different interactions within the brain. “The research suggests that empathy is a deliberative process that requires taking another person’s perspective rather than being an instinctive, automatic process,” said Tor Wager, the senior author of the study, director of the Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory and Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at CU-Boulder. A study detailing the results was published online today in the journal eLife.

Artist Manipulates 48 Pools Of Water With Her Mind by Beckett Mufson “Brain power” takes on a literal meaning when it comes to EEG painting, mind-responsive furniture, and the workof Lisa Park. Park combines EEG scanning with speakers and pools of water to visualize her thoughts andemotions. Last year, she exposed her brain patterns to the world with Eunoia, in which she placed five water-filled metal plates atop speakers designed to respond to her real-time brain data. In that project, Park sorted the data into five emotions—sadness, anger, desire, happiness, and hatred, one per plate. But the latest iteration of the project takes the experiment to the next level:

When People Say, ‘If You Don’t Like It Here, Go To Another Country,’ I’d Love To Offer This One President Olafur Grimsson: There are, of course many reasons why Iceland has recovered earlier and more effectively than any other European economy that suffered from the financial crisis. But there are two fundamental dimensions to how we did it differently from others. The first is, we did not follow the prevailing orthodoxies of the Western financial world, the so-called Washington consensus of the last thirty years. We for example, let the private banks fail and I have never understood why the banks are somehow treated like the holy churches of the modern economy, who are not allowed to fail.

theconversation Think of your favourite piece of music. Do you get shivers when the music swells or the chorus kicks in? Or are the opening few bars enough to make you feel tingly? Despite having no obvious survival value, listening to music can be a highly rewarding activity. It’s one of the most pleasurable activities with which people engage. Hz #17 -"FEELTRACE and the Emotions (after Charles Darwin)" Rapid changes in science, technology and new media will lead to more sophisticated ideas about what it means to be human, in thought, body, emotional response and artistic expression. New relationships will form between humans, machines and animals with the human functioning as a networked resource that can be accessed globally over the internet. Genetically emotionally or otherwise enhanced individuals could become the fashionable norm; synthetic biology could replace plastic surgery, with the further complication of not knowing where those genetic modifications will take them as individuals or us as a species. This paper documents both the technical and theoretical development of the collaborative interactive new media video project "The Emotions (after Charles Darwin)" which explores some of the above concepts. Keywords Donald E.

Man Missing Most Of His Brain Challenges Everything We Thought We Knew About Consciousness Yet miraculously, the man was not only fully conscious, but lived a rich and unhindered life, working as a civil servant and living with his wife and two kids, blissfully unaware of the gaping hole in his brain. His ability to function without so many of the key brain regions previously considered vital for consciousness raises some major questions about existing theories regarding how the brain works and the mechanisms underlying our awareness. For example, neuroscientists have often asserted that a brain region called the thalamus, which relays sensory signals to the cerebral cortex, is indispensable for consciousness. This is because research has indicated that damage to the thalamus often causes people to fall into a coma, while one team of scientists were even able to manually “switch off” an epileptic patient’s consciousness by electrically stimulating this brain region. Image: A brain region called the thalamus has been shown to be vital for consciousness to exist.

19 Factors That Impact Compositional Balance Imagine a boulder leaning too far over the cliff’s edge. Seeing that boulder you think it should come crashing down the mountainside. It’s out of balance and you feel the tension of the impending crash. A similar feeling happens in your visitors when the composition of your design is visually out of balance. In a couple of previous posts I talked about visual balance and in each I briefly mentioned the idea of visual weight in order to achieve visual balance. There’s more to visual balance than I mentioned in those previous posts and I thought the topic deserving of its own post. Beards: Too Hip For Their Own Good So, Brooks and UNSW’s Barnaby Dixson and Zinnia Janif decided to investigate why beard fashions come and go, and why there’s no one best facial hair pattern. They speculated that the diversity we see is due to “negative frequency dependence,” which just means that rare traits enjoy an advantage. Under NFD, good or bad depends on how common the gene is, Brooks explains. The team showed volunteers a suite of photographs of 36 men with varying levels of beardedness. Each man had been photographed at four different times: when clean-shaven, with five days of growth (light stubble), 10 days of growth (heavy stubble), and at least four weeks of untrimmed growth (full beard).

Why we love repetition in music – Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis What is music? There’s no end to the parade of philosophers who have wondered about this, but most of us feel confident saying: ‘I know it when I hear it.’ Still, judgments of musicality are notoriously malleable. Harvard’s Biovions vs. Sandra Bullock’s Gravity: Should We Use Art to Teach Science? If you haven’t seen the mesmerizing video, “The Inner Life of the Cell” produced by Harvard University in 2007, take a moment to watch it below. The video is fascinating. With beautifully choreographed animation, the stunning visuals and music will captivate any audience. The video makes science not only enchanting, but approachable. If you didn’t feel like you knew how cells lived and worked before, watching this video would put you right in the cells’ world and teach you first hand.

Your Brain Has A DELETE Button And Here's How To Use It! There’s an old saying in neuroscience: “neurons that fire together wire together.” This means the more you run a neuro-circuit in your brain, the stronger that circuit becomes. This is why, to quote another old saw, “practice makes perfect”. The more you practice piano, or speaking a language, or juggling, the stronger those circuits get. Scientists have known this for years.

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