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Bouba/kiki effect

Bouba/kiki effect
This picture is used as a test to demonstrate that people may not attach sounds to shapes arbitrarily: American college undergraduates and Tamil speakers in India called the shape on the left "kiki" and the one on the right "bouba". The bouba/kiki effect is a non-arbitrary mapping between speech sounds and the visual shape of objects. This effect was first observed by German-American psychologist Wolfgang Köhler in 1929.[1] In psychological experiments, first conducted on the island of Tenerife (in which the primary language is Spanish), Köhler showed forms similar to those shown at the right and asked participants which shape was called "takete" and which was called "baluba" ("maluma" in the 1947 version). Although not explicitly stated, Köhler implies that there was a strong preference to pair the jagged shape with "takete" and the rounded shape with "baluba".[2] In 2001, Vilayanur S. More recently research indicated that the effect may be a case of ideasthesia.[5]

Linguistic family tree reveals the roots of Nordic languages A survey of more than 3 million patients who’ve been under anaesthetic in the UK and Ireland has provided new insight into the traumatic experiences of those who have woken up during surgery. According to the research, led by Oxford University Hospitals in the UK, the phenomenon, known as “anaesthesia awareness” is relatively rare - roughly only one in 19,600 patients surveyed had woken up during surgery. This is lower than previous US studies, which suggested the rate was as high as one in 1,000 surgical patients. But for lighter anaesthesia procedures, such as emergency C-sections, the risk is much higher - around one in 670 had experienced it. And, as you would expect, the experience was terrifying. In the survey, patients who had woken up during surgery described experiencing a range of sensations, including choking, paralysis, pain, hallucinations, and near-death experiences. But there is some good news. “I was awake but paralysed,” Weihrer told CNN. Education is also critical.

Chicken Soup for the Soul: Comfort Food Fights Loneliness News Mashed potatoes, macaroni and cheese, meatloaf…they may be bad for your arteries, but according to an upcoming study in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, they’re good for your heart and emotions. The study focuses on “comfort food” and how it makes people feel. “For me personally, food has always played a big role in my family,” says Jordan Troisi, a graduate student at the University of Buffalo, and lead author on the study. The study came out of the research program of his co-author Shira Gabriel, which has looked at social surrogates—non-human things that make people feel like they belong. In one experiment, in an attempt to make participants feel lonely, the researchers had them write for six minutes about a fight with someone close to them. Writing about a fight with a close person made people feel lonely. “Throughout everyone’s daily lives they experience stress, often associated with our connections with others,” Troisi says.

Stand Still. Stay Silent - webcomic, page 196 14 October. 2014 Language trees for the language lovers! I've gathered pretty much all the data for this from, which is an awesome well of information about language families. And if anyone finds some important language missing let me know! (Naturally most tiny languages didn't make it on the graph, aww. Well, it's the end of this set of info pages and we'll return to the company of our brave explorers next. On another subject: I'm going to reopen the aRTD book store either this weekend or next week (one of the reasons why I'm going to Finland). See you all on Thursday, I should be in Finland by then! 14 October. 2014 Language trees for the language lovers! Well, it's the end of this set of info pages and we'll return to the company of our brave explorers next. On another subject: I'm going to reopen the aRTD book store either this weekend or next week (one of the reasons why I'm going to Finland). See you all on Thursday, I should be in Finland by then! 14 October. 2014 - Therapy, Find a Therapist or Marriage Counselor English words with Latin roots that don't exist in French, Italian or Spanish - Linguistics It happened in some cases that English preserved or revived Latin words that had died out in other Romance languages. Many of them were borrowed from Old French and were dropped in modern French. Occasionally words were coined in English based on Latin roots. Although the existence of these words has not been checked in all other Romance languages besides French, Spanish and Italian (namely Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, Romansch, Romanian), it is most likely that they don't exist in these languages either. Latin-derived words unique to the English language Words borrowed directly from (Classical, Vulgar or Medieval) Latin, but which died out in Romance languages Words borrowed from Old/Middle French or Anglo-French, which have died out in Modern French

The Role of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in Medicine: Addressing the Psychological and Physical Symptoms Stemming from Adverse Life Experiences Borrowed words in English: tracing the changing patterns In Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English I examine how words borrowed from different languages have influenced English throughout its history. The above feature summarizes some of the main data from the book, focussing on the fourteen sources that have given the most words to English, as reflected by the new and revised entries in the Oxford English Dictionary. Using the date buttons at the top of the graphic, you can compare the impact that different languages have made on English over time. If you switch to the “cumulative” view, then you can see how the total number of loanwords from each language has built up over time. A truly global sweep The data lying behind this graphic reflects some of the biggest changes in the history of English. The elephant in the room However, the elephant in the room is how Latin and French dominate the picture in just about every period.

Efficacy of Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Patients with Posttraumatic-Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Abstract Background We performed the first meta-analysis of clinical studies by investigating the effects of eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy on the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and subjective distress in PTSD patients treated during the past 2 decades. Methods We performed a quantitative meta-analysis on the findings of 26 randomized controlled trials of EMDR therapy for PTSD published between 1991 and 2013, which were identified through the ISI Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature electronic databases, among which 22, 20, 16, and 11 of the studies assessed the effects of EMDR on the symptoms of PTSD, depression, anxiety, and subjective distress, respectively, as the primary clinical outcome. Results Conclusion Editor: Linda Chao, University of California, San Francisco, United States of America Introduction Figure 1.

Abarim Publications - Patterns in the Bible — Everything you know about it is wrong — Welcome to Abarim Publications The name Abarim belongs to a mountain or mountain range in Moab from which Moses viewed the Promised Land from afar (Numbers 27:12). It's also the mountain where Jeremiah was said to have buried the Ark of the Covenant (2 Maccabees 2:4). Our logo is the first letter of the name Abarim (עברים), which is the letter ע ('ayin), which is also a word, namely עין ('ayin), which means both eye and fountain. The website of Abarim Publications has been online since 2002 (that's right folks, we're older than Facebook ☺). Just like we can't become successful heart surgeons by imagining things, we can also not be wise about God and ignorant about creation. Because the portent of Biblical names is rather underestimated in Biblical circles, we've embarked on a project to translate all occurring names in the Bible, and for that we're writing our own dictionaries. Moses the desert dweller Iron and a global pre-historic civilization

Intervention Summary - Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) Selected citations are presented below. An asterisk indicates that the document was reviewed for Quality of Research. Cook, J. A., Copeland, M. E., Corey, L., Buffington, E., Jonikas, J. A., Curtis, L. Copeland, M. Davidson, L. (2005). Doughty, C., Tse, S., Duncan, N., & McIntyre, L. (2008). Gordon, J., & Cassidy, J. (2009). Higgins, A., Callaghan, P., DeVries, J. Scottish Centre for Social Research & Pratt, R. (2010). Starnino, V. Sterling, E. Zhang, W., Li, Y., Yeh, H.

Indo-European - About Indo-European language revival The Dnghu ('Language') Association is an international, non-profit organization located in Europe, whose main mission is to promote the Indo-European language and culture. Its primary concerns today are: The development the Modern Indo-European grammatical system, to bring the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language to its full potential as a living language.Teaching it as a second language for all European citizens.The adoption of Modern Indo-European by the European Union as its main official language The use of Indo-European (its three main dialects) as the main international auxiliary language, to reduce present-day communication and cultural barriers. Indo-European language revival history Having begun in 2004 as a personal project, it was founded in 2005 as the Dnghu Group. A legal framework for language revival The Dnghu Association is financed by a private Spanish education company, Academia Biblos, and its work is supported by professors from Extremadura University.

My Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) - Login The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Vowels So, in case you’ve not noticed, this site isn’t meant to be taken entirely seriously. Vowels are just sounds produced by passing voicing through an otherwise unobstructed vocal tract, and they’re not going away any time soon. Rather than trying to rewrite history, school teachers are teaching the English writing system, which, although a gigantic trainwreck, is still useful to students in their everyday lives. However, that doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t be aware of all the wonderful spoken vowels out there, in English and around the world. /i/ as in “beet” or “mean”/ɪ/ as in “bit” or “mint”/ɛ/ as in “bet” or “men”/æ/ as in “bat” or “man”/ə/ as in the last vowel in “sofa” (this is called a “schwa”)/ɜ˞/ as in “bird” or “mirth”/ʌ/ as in “but” or “month”/ɑ/ as in “bot” or “cot”/ɔ/ as in “bought”, “caught” or “horse” (“cot” and “caught” may be said identically in your dialect)/ʊ/ as in “book” or “could”/u/ as in “boot” or “moon” Acknowledge them.

Atypical Type A {*style:<b>Step 2: Digitising </b>*} Certainly address books are not a main culprit of paper clutter, however going digital can still streamline your life. Just recall the last time you were looking for a phone number and couldn’t remember whether it was stored in your phone, on a business card in the bottom of your handbag, in your paper address book or scrawled on a piece of paper lying around god-knows-where. Eek! Now, though, I use Google Contacts to manage all of my contact info. So that covers contacts, but what about business cards? | address book , business cards , contacts , digitising , digitizing , going paperless , life , organizing , paper