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Bouba/kiki effect

Bouba/kiki effect
This picture is used as a test to demonstrate that people may not attach sounds to shapes arbitrarily: American college undergraduates and Tamil speakers in India called the shape on the left "kiki" and the one on the right "bouba". The bouba/kiki effect is a non-arbitrary mapping between speech sounds and the visual shape of objects. This effect was first observed by German-American psychologist Wolfgang Köhler in 1929.[1] In psychological experiments, first conducted on the island of Tenerife (in which the primary language is Spanish), Köhler showed forms similar to those shown at the right and asked participants which shape was called "takete" and which was called "baluba" ("maluma" in the 1947 version). Although not explicitly stated, Köhler implies that there was a strong preference to pair the jagged shape with "takete" and the rounded shape with "baluba".[2] In 2001, Vilayanur S. More recently research indicated that the effect may be a case of ideasthesia.[5] Related:  Language Etymology

Think Well Linguistic family tree reveals the roots of Nordic languages A survey of more than 3 million patients who’ve been under anaesthetic in the UK and Ireland has provided new insight into the traumatic experiences of those who have woken up during surgery. According to the research, led by Oxford University Hospitals in the UK, the phenomenon, known as “anaesthesia awareness” is relatively rare - roughly only one in 19,600 patients surveyed had woken up during surgery. This is lower than previous US studies, which suggested the rate was as high as one in 1,000 surgical patients. But for lighter anaesthesia procedures, such as emergency C-sections, the risk is much higher - around one in 670 had experienced it. And, as you would expect, the experience was terrifying. In the survey, patients who had woken up during surgery described experiencing a range of sensations, including choking, paralysis, pain, hallucinations, and near-death experiences. But there is some good news. “I was awake but paralysed,” Weihrer told CNN. Education is also critical.

McGurk effect Background[edit] The McGurk effect is sometimes called the McGurk-MacDonald effect. It was first described in 1976 in a paper by Murr McGurk and John MacDonald titled "Hearing Lips and Seeing Voices".[5] This effect was discovered by accident when McGurk and his research assistant, MacDonald, asked a technician to dub a video with a different phoneme from the one spoken while conducting a study on how infants perceive language at different developmental stages. When the video was played back, both researchers heard a third phoneme rather than the one spoken or mouthed in the video.[6] This effect may be experienced when a video of one phoneme's production is dubbed with a sound-recording of a different phoneme being spoken. Often, the perceived phoneme is a third, intermediate phoneme. It has also been examined in relation to witness testimony. Internal factors[edit] Damage[edit] Disorders[edit] Dyslexia[edit] Specific language impairment[edit] Autism spectrum disorders[edit] Aphasia[edit]

The Role of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in Medicine: Addressing the Psychological and Physical Symptoms Stemming from Adverse Life Experiences Four is the 'magic' number According to psychological lore, when it comes to items of information the mind can cope with before confusion sets in, the "magic" number is seven. But a new analysis by a leading Australian psychiatrist challenges this long-held view, suggesting the number might actually be four. In 1956, American psychologist George Miller published a paper in the influential journal Psychological Review arguing the mind could cope with a maximum of only seven chunks of information. The paper, "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two. Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information," has since become one of the most highly cited psychology articles and has been judged by the Psychological Review as its most influential paper of all time. But UNSW professor of psychiatry Gordon Parker says a re-analysis of the experiments used by Miller shows he missed the correct number by a wide mark. The full discussion paper includes many exemplars of the magic of 'four'.

Multiple-Intelligences Stand Still. Stay Silent - webcomic, page 196 14 October. 2014 Language trees for the language lovers! I've gathered pretty much all the data for this from ethnologue.com, which is an awesome well of information about language families. And if anyone finds some important language missing let me know! (Naturally most tiny languages didn't make it on the graph, aww. Well, it's the end of this set of info pages and we'll return to the company of our brave explorers next. On another subject: I'm going to reopen the aRTD book store either this weekend or next week (one of the reasons why I'm going to Finland). See you all on Thursday, I should be in Finland by then!

Illusion An illusion is a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. Though illusions distort reality, they are generally shared by most people.[1] Illusions may occur with any of the human senses, but visual illusions (optical illusions), are the most well-known and understood. The emphasis on visual illusions occurs because vision often dominates the other senses. The term illusion refers to a specific form of sensory distortion. Mimes are known for a repertoire of illusions that are created by physical means. Optical illusions[edit] An optical illusion is characterized by visually perceived images that are deceptive or misleading. Auditory illusions[edit] Tactile illusions[edit] Temporal illusions[edit] Temporal illusions can occur in many ways. Other senses[edit] Illusions can occur with the other senses including those involved in food perception. Disorders[edit] Some illusions occur as result of an illness or a disorder.

Efficacy of Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Patients with Posttraumatic-Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Abstract Background We performed the first meta-analysis of clinical studies by investigating the effects of eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy on the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and subjective distress in PTSD patients treated during the past 2 decades. Methods We performed a quantitative meta-analysis on the findings of 26 randomized controlled trials of EMDR therapy for PTSD published between 1991 and 2013, which were identified through the ISI Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature electronic databases, among which 22, 20, 16, and 11 of the studies assessed the effects of EMDR on the symptoms of PTSD, depression, anxiety, and subjective distress, respectively, as the primary clinical outcome. Results Conclusion Editor: Linda Chao, University of California, San Francisco, United States of America Introduction Figure 1.

Towards a neuroscience of love: olfaction, attention and a model of neurohypophysial hormone action | Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience A commentary onRomantic love modulates women’s identification of men’s body odors.by Johan N. Lundström and Marilyn Jones-Gotman (2009). Horm. Behav. 55, 280–284. The significance of odor in mediating affective state in humans has become increasingly recognized in recent years (Weber and Heuberger, 2008 ). In a recent paper, Lundström and Jones-Gotman (2009) used women’s odor perception of male body odor as a novel approach for investigating the neurobiological basis of romantic love. Lundström and Jones-Gotman argue that this specific reduction in recognition of opposite-sex friends supports the deflection theory for the psychological mechanism of romantic love. The race is now on to test this intriguing hypothesis, and to examine whether the effect holds for male responses to female stimuli. Chen, D., and Haviland-Jones, J. (1999). Gulyás, B., Kéri, S., O’Sullivan, B. Havlicek, J., Saxton, T. Hold, B., and Schleidt, M. (1977). Jacob, S., Kinnunen, L. Krauel, K., Pause, B. Pause, B.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy English words with Latin roots that don't exist in French, Italian or Spanish - Linguistics It happened in some cases that English preserved or revived Latin words that had died out in other Romance languages. Many of them were borrowed from Old French and were dropped in modern French. Occasionally words were coined in English based on Latin roots. Although the existence of these words has not been checked in all other Romance languages besides French, Spanish and Italian (namely Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, Romansch, Romanian), it is most likely that they don't exist in these languages either. Latin-derived words unique to the English language Words borrowed directly from (Classical, Vulgar or Medieval) Latin, but which died out in Romance languages Words borrowed from Old/Middle French or Anglo-French, which have died out in Modern French

My Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) - Login Alison on Behance When my daughter Alison was born, in the tradition of a new parent, I began to photograph her, initially in a separate and private body of work. However, in the process of documenting Alison's growth, I developed a passionate interest in human relationships and capturing intimate moments in the lives of family and friends. This affected my photography in a profound way. Rather than the isolated subjects of my earlier work, I became interested in the strength of relationships, oftentimes using personal environments to amplify those conditions. My photographs of Alison, because of the nature of our relationship, are very much a father-daughter collaboration-Alison permitting me access to private moments of our life, which might, under different circumstances, be off-limits to a parent. The significance of these pictures emerges in retrospect.

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