None of the world’s top industries would be profitable if they paid for the natural capital they use
The notion of “externalities” has become familiar in environmental circles. It refers to costs imposed by businesses that are not paid for by those businesses. For instance, industrial processes can put pollutants in the air that increase public health costs, but the public, not the polluting businesses, picks up the tab. In this way, businesses privatize profits and publicize costs. While the notion is incredibly useful, especially in folding ecological concerns into economics, I’ve always had my reservations about it. To see what I mean, check out a recent report [PDF] done by environmental consultancy Trucost on behalf of The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) program sponsored by United Nations Environmental Program. It’s a huge task; obviously, doing it required a specific methodology that built in a series of assumptions. Here’s how those costs break down: So how much is that costing us? Second, surprising no one, coal is the enemy of the human race. It’s coal again!
Related: Environnement (symbioment) : vie et problèmes
• Capitalismo, liberalismo, neoliberismo, neoconservatorismo