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Mondragon Corporation

Mondragon Corporation
Mondragon cooperatives operate in accordance with Statement on the Co-operative Identity maintained by the International Co-operative Alliance. History[edit] The determining factor in the creation of the Mondragon system was the arrival in 1941 of a young Catholic priest José María Arizmendiarrieta in Mondragón, a town with a population of 7,000 that had not yet recovered from the Spanish Civil War: poverty, hunger, exile and tension.[2] In 1943, Arizmendiarrieta established a technical college that became a training ground for generations of managers, engineers and skilled labour for local companies, and primarily for the co-operatives.[3] Before creating the first co-operative, Arizmendiarrieta spent a number of years educating young people about a form of humanism based on solidarity and participation, in harmony with Catholic Social Teaching, and the importance of acquiring the necessary technical knowledge. The first 15 years were characterised by enormous dynamism. Finance[edit] Related:  Settlement of MarsGlobal-scale funding/finance

Framework: Collaborative Economy Honeycomb Above: Version 1.1 of the Collaborative Economy Honeycomb Added new Airbnb logo Understand the Collaborative Economy market in one, single image. Please share widely, with attribution, non-commercially: Click image to see JPG version 3,600 X 2,250 The Collaborative Economy enables people to efficiently get what they need from each other. Similarly, in nature, honeycombs are resilient structures that efficiently enable many individuals to access, share, and grow resources within a common group. In this visual representation, the sharing economy is organized into six discrete families of goods, services, space, food, transportation and money. The companies listed in this graphic are just a small representation. Notable Industry Stats: One of the inspirations for this graphic was the work of friend and former colleague, Brian Solisdid, on the first phase of sharing, which originally catalogued social media as the Conversation Prism. The crowd is becoming like a company.

Distributism - Wikipedia Doctrine in opposition to both socialism and capitalism Distributism is an economic theory asserting that the world's productive assets should be widely owned rather than concentrated.[1] It was developed in Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries based upon the principles of Catholic social teaching, especially the teachings of Pope Leo XIII in his encyclical Rerum novarum (1891) and Pope Pius XI in Quadragesimo anno (1931).[2][3][4] It views both capitalism and socialism as equally flawed and exploitative, and it favors economic mechanisms such as small-scale cooperatives and family businesses, and large-scale antitrust regulations. Some Christian Democratic political parties have advocated distributism in their economic policies. Overview[edit] Background[edit] The mid-to-late 19th century witnessed an increase in popularity of political Catholicism across Europe.[19] According to historian Michael A. Position within the political spectrum[edit] Economic theory[edit] Banks[edit]

Railroad Bonds website ebook History of Watertown, Wisconsin Railroad Bonds One of the most dramatic incidents in the history of Watertown is the story of the railway bond issues. In times ago there was a group of industrious individuals who had the fascinating habit of investing other people’s money. Encouraged by their previous success in Watertown the corporators of the Milwaukee and Watertown Road made an effort to get a second issue of bonds from this source. The bond question played a prominent part in the city’s politics for many years. During the following years, Watertown was literally without a government. One can find the legal history of this case in every law textbook in the land. The long tedious struggle resulted in a victory for the city, and a joyous celebration was held at which many of the bonds were burned in public. It retarded Watertown’s growth, once one of the largest and most promising communities in the state. Our Railroad Bonds Have Ruined Us Messrs. J. Index

Escrow - Wikipedia Arrangement for holding funds by a 3rd party Types[edit] Escrow generally refers to money held by a third party on behalf of transacting parties. It is mostly used regarding the purchase of shares of a company. It is best known in the United States in the context of the real estate industry (specifically in mortgages where the mortgage company establishes an escrow account to pay property tax and insurance during the term of the mortgage).[3] Escrow is an account separate from the mortgage account where deposit of funds occurs for payment of certain conditions that apply to the mortgage[clarification needed], usually property taxes and insurance. An unrelated type of escrow is when a purchaser of a complex system, such as bespoke process control software or a large industrial installation, may require the supplier to place the design into source code escrow, so that the purchaser remains in a position to maintain and modify the system in case of the demise of the supplier. Banking[edit]

Mars Direct to 1,000 person Mars Town Threshold pledge system - Wikipedia When the threshold is reached, the pledges are called in (or transferred from the escrow fund) and a contract is formed so that the collective good is supplied; a variant is that the money is collected when the good is actually delivered. If the threshold is not reached by a certain date (or perhaps if no contract is ever signed, etc.), the pledges are either never collected or, if held in escrow, are simply returned to the pledgers. In economics, this type of model is known as an assurance contract. This system is most often applied to creative works, both for financing new productions and for buying out existing works; in the latter cases, it is sometimes known as ransom publishing model[1] or Street Performer Protocol (SPP).[2] Street Performer Protocol[edit] If the artist releases the work on time, the artist receives payment from the escrow fund. Ransom model in software[edit] History[edit] However, there are a number of differences between this traditional model and the SPP.

Space Mining Projects Raise Legal Questions | Space GOLDEN, Colo. – Private groups are shaping business plans to tap into the resource-rich environs of outer space. Early celestial targets with commercial cross hairs on them are the moon, as well as asteroids. While the financial backing, technology and entrepreneurial spirit to mine asteroids and other space targets is jelling, yet to be grappled with is a mix of thorny issues, such as property and mineral rights, ownership and possession, international treaties, as well as the big "C" — not for Cosmos, but for Capitalism. It’s true that in space nobody can hear you scream, but it's also assured that the voices from legal eagles will be soundly heard. A Space Resources Roundtable that convened here in June brought together experts to address off-Earth resources, private development and the legal issues ahead. What route to mine space? Gertsch told that legal experts appear divided on what route is most likely, increasing the current difficulty of making business plans for space.

Cooperative In short, a coop can be defined as "a jointly owned enterprise engaging in the production or distribution of goods or the supplying of services, operated by its members for their mutual benefit, typically organized by consumers or farmers."[4] Cooperative businesses are typically more economically resilient than many other forms of enterprise, with twice the number of co-operatives (80%) surviving their first five years compared with other business ownership models (41%).[5] Cooperatives frequently have social goals which they aim to accomplish by investing a proportion of trading profits back into their communities. As an example of this, in 2013, retail co-operatives in the UK invested 6.9% of their pre-tax profits in the communities in which they trade as compared with 2.4% for other rival supermarkets.[6] The International Co-operative Alliance was the first international association formed by the cooperative movement. Origins[edit] Social economy[edit] Meaning[edit] Identity[edit]

Eros Project: Legal Actions The Eros Project "With this toehold, I will climb a mountain in Space." Legal Actions Orbital Development is managing the Eros Project for Mr. Gregory W. Nemitz, Owner of Asteroid 433, Eros. The entire legal premise of the Eros Project is solidly based upon the natural inherent rights of man, common law recognition of private property ownership and Rights protected by the United States of America Constitution. Nemitz officially published his Claim to Asteroid 433, Eros about 11 months prior to NASA landing its "NEAR Shoemaker" spacecraft on the property. Within a few days of the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft landing on his property, Nemitz sent a very reasonable invoice to NASA for parking and storage fees. Citing their faulty interpretation of the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, NASA refused to pay the fees required by Nemitz. This final conclusion by the Executive Branch's offices, established a critical requirement for presenting the matter before a Federal Court. The Letters

List of highest funded crowdfunding projects - Wikipedia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is an incomplete list of the highest funded crowdfunding projects, either successful or not. Over 10 million[edit] 5–10 million[edit] 1–5 million[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]